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The Dreaded . . . . RUN-ON SENTENCE. and how to avoid it. Brought to you by V. Hinkle. Know your enemy:. In a run-on sentence, two clauses have been connected incorrectly . We’re going to the moon, do you want to go?. Cats like mice they also like fish. Why does it matter?.

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the dreaded

The Dreaded . . .

RUN-ON SENTENCE

and how to avoid it

Brought to you by V. Hinkle

know your enemy
Know your enemy:
  • In a run-on sentence,
    • two clauses have been connected
    • incorrectly.
    • We’re going to the moon, do you want to go?
  • Cats like mice they also like fish.
why does it matter
Why does it matter?
  • In a run-on sentence,
  • your readers may be confused,
  • because we can’t tell where one idea ends
  • and the next one begins.
  • My cat likes to nap on the aquarium is the home of our naïve fish.

?

why does it matter4
Why does it matter?
  • In a run-on sentence,
  • your readers may be confused,
  • because we can’t tell how the ideas are related.
  • My cat likes to play with string, he is practicing for his big chance.

?

how to recognize a run on
How to recognize a run-on
  • First, you need to know these sentence parts:
  • Subject
    • Who is doing the action, or
    • who is being described
  • Predicate
    • What is happening
  • Clause
    • Contains a subject and a predicate
how to recognize a run on6
How to recognize a run-on
  • Next step:
  • Identify the main clause by
  • Finding the subject and the predicate.
  • The key:
  • If there is a second clause in the sentence,
  • is it connected properly?
  • Connect with a conjunction, relative pronoun, or separate with a period.
try it
Try it:
  • My cat likes to play with string,
  • he is practicing for his big chance.
  • Find the subject and the predicate.
slide8
My catlikes to play with string,
  • he is practicing for his big chance.
  • But wait!
  • There is another clause with a subject and a predicate.. . .
slide9
My catlikes to play with string,
  • heis practicing for his big chance.
  • Two clauses, each with a subject and predicate.
  • Are they connected properly?
slide10
Nooo . . .
  • It’s a run-on sentence.
fix it
Fix it:
  • My catlikes to play with string, heis practicing for his big chance.
  • Methods:
    • Conjunction
    • Relative pronoun
    • Period

because

try it12
Try it:
  • My cat is napping on the aquarium, he likes to watch the fish.
  • Two clauses, improperly connected with a flimsycomma.
fix it13
Fix it:
  • My catlikes to watch the fish, is napping on the aquarium.
  • Methods:
    • Conjunction
    • Relative pronoun
    • Period

, who

Dependent clause set off by commas

two run on traps 1
Two Run-On Traps: #1
  • When a command or question is in the second clause:
  • My cat is going fishing,will he catch anything?
  • Fix it: Separate with a period.

My cat is going fishing. Will he catch anything?

two run on traps 2
Two Run-On Traps: #2
  • When two clauses are connected with a transition word instead of a conjunction:
  • My cat is dipping his paw in the aquarium,however, he hasn’t caught a fish.
  • Fix it: Separate with a period.

My cat is dipping his paw in the aquarium. However, he hasn’t caught a fish.

two run on traps 216
Two Run-On Traps: #2
  • Another solution:
  • My cat is dipping his paw in the aquarium,however, he hasn’t caught a fish.
  • Fix it: Connect with a conjunction.

Although my cat is dipping his paw in the aquarium, he hasn’t caught a fish.

review
Review:
  • In a run-on sentence, two ___?_____ have been connected incorrectly.
review18
Review:
  • In a run-on sentence, two clauses have been connected incorrectly.
review19
Review:
  • To identify a r__-__ sentence, find the main clause.
review20
Review:
  • To identify a run-on sentence, find the main clause.
review21
Review:
  • Identify the main clause by finding the _______ and _________.
review22
Review:
  • Identify the main clause by finding the subject and predicate.
review23
Review:
  • If there is a second clause, has it been _______ correctly?
review24
Review:
  • If there is a second clause, has it been connected correctly?
review25
Review:
  • Three ways to fix a run-on are:
  • C________
  • R_____ P_____
  • P____
review26
Review:
  • Three ways to fix a run-on are:
  • Conjunction
  • Relative Pronoun
  • Period
now you
Nowyou

Know it all!