private education provision and public finance the case of the netherlands l.
Download
Skip this Video
Loading SlideShow in 5 Seconds..
Private Education Provision and Public Finance: The Case of the Netherlands PowerPoint Presentation
Download Presentation
Private Education Provision and Public Finance: The Case of the Netherlands

Loading in 2 Seconds...

play fullscreen
1 / 34

Private Education Provision and Public Finance: The Case of the Netherlands - PowerPoint PPT Presentation


  • 485 Views
  • Uploaded on

Private Education Provision and Public Finance: The Case of the Netherlands Harry Anthony Patrinos World Bank March 2010 Origins 1917: ‘schools to the parents’ Segregation ended conflict Freedom of education, religion, constitution Today: Country unified But schools retain independence

loader
I am the owner, or an agent authorized to act on behalf of the owner, of the copyrighted work described.
capcha
Download Presentation

PowerPoint Slideshow about 'Private Education Provision and Public Finance: The Case of the Netherlands' - johana


An Image/Link below is provided (as is) to download presentation

Download Policy: Content on the Website is provided to you AS IS for your information and personal use and may not be sold / licensed / shared on other websites without getting consent from its author.While downloading, if for some reason you are not able to download a presentation, the publisher may have deleted the file from their server.


- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - E N D - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
Presentation Transcript
private education provision and public finance the case of the netherlands

Private Education Provision and Public Finance:The Case of the Netherlands

Harry Anthony Patrinos

World Bank

March 2010

origins
Origins
  • 1917: ‘schools to the parents’
  • Segregation ended conflict
  • Freedom of education, religion, constitution
  • Today:
    • Country unified
    • But schools retain independence
    • Ease of entry
school choice public finance
School Choice/Public Finance
  • Integral system of public finance & private delivery
  • Each student chooses school, public or private, which are equally funded by central government
  • Funding follows student
funding
Funding
  • Ministry of Education, Culture and Science administers central government expenditure
  • Article 23 of Constitution: all education institutions, public & private, funded equal
  • Government expenditure on public institutions must be matched by expenditure on private, government-funded institutions
flow of funds
Flow of Funds
  • Schools receive block grant to cover staffing & running costs
  • School boards are free to spend at their discretion
  • Based on formula
  • Negotiations on pay and conditions in secondary education have been partly decentralized
school boards
School Boards
  • Lump sum funding for a “school board”
  • Consolidation throughout the system
  • Number of schools decreased from late 1980s, but number of school boards to which funds flow – much more so, from 3,116 to 2,078
  • Average 3 schools per board in 1996, 4 in 2000
  • School boards run 1 or many schools
information
Information
  • Trouw, 1997: http://www.trouw.nl/onderwijs/
  • Education Inspectorate: http://www.onderwijsinspectie.nl
targeted funds for low income minorities
Targeted Funds for Low-Income & Minorities
  • For minority student, school receives 1.9 times basic amount
  • For native Dutch from low income background, school receives 1.25 times basic amount
centralization school choice
Centralization & School Choice
  • A large central staff
  • Many school advisory services & coordination bodies
  • Strong Education Inspectorate
  • Stringent regulations
dutch inspectorate of education
Dutch Inspectorate of Education
  • Responsible for inspection & review of schools & educational institutions
    • Assessing quality of education offered in schools
    • Reporting publicly on quality of institutions
    • Reporting publicly on system as a whole
    • encouraging schools to maintain & improve
    • providing information for policy development
    • supplying reliable information on education
risk based inspection
Risk-based Inspection
  • Since 2007 Inspectorate carried out risk-based inspections, assessing potential problems that could affect the quality of education
  • Reduces burden felt by schools & makes inspections more effective
  • Schools delivering good education (no risks) & good results do not require inspection, allowing Inspectorate to focus on rapid improvement of schools that supply poorer education (risks detected) & results
equal treatment
Equal Treatment
  • Private schools decide what to teach & how
  • Ministry sets standards for public & private:
    • subjects to be studied
    • attainment targets or examination requirements
    • content of national examinations
    • number of teaching periods per year
    • required teaching qualifications
  • Publicly & privately run schools are financed in same way by Ministry & evaluated in same way by Inspectorate
autonomy of dutch schools
Autonomy of Dutch Schools
  • Attainment targets, examinations
  • Schools responsible for organization of teaching & learning, personnel & materials
  • Annual budget received as block grant funding
  • Schools free to decide how budget is spent
  • Inspectorate monitors school’s quality
  • If school capable of monitoring & improving quality, the Inspectorate keeps its distance
dutch students high achievers20
Dutch Students High Achievers
  • Scores high in PISA and TIMSS
    • Top in math & science final years secondary 1995
  • High scores controlling for income & expenditure
  • Confessional schools do better than public
  • Private schools do better
  • Substantial degree of competition is determinant
    • Positive link between intensity of competition and academic achievement in secondary school
diversity and religion
Diversity and Religion
  • Parents choosers, base decision at times on religion
  • Choice of school:
    • 50% choose schools based on religion
    • 91% of private schools religious
    • 59% of all schools religious
    • Private schools make up 65% of all schools
does school choice help
Does School Choice Help?
  • Need to estimate causal impact
  • Randomized control trial is gold standard
  • Not possible in this case: program not rolled out randomly, no pre-program data
estimation issues
Estimation Issues
  • Selection bias
  • But the direction of bias is not clear
  • Typical but biased estimates of small private school effects (from 0 to 4 points only)
  • Therefore need alternative methodology
  • Remember: religion is important in selection of schools
instrument for private school choice
Instrument for Private School Choice
  • Religion is a predictor of private school choice (R-squared: 0.145)
  • But not of achievement (R-squared: 0.012, 0.016, 0.010)
  • According to PISA 2006, 38% of parents choose schools based on religion
causal large private school impacts
Causal: Large Private School Impacts
  • Controlling for family, school, family, institutional characteristics
  • Impact of private school choice is large, causal, positive:
    • Math: 17 points
    • Reading: 28 points
    • Science: 18 points
  • Much larger than raw score or typical (OLS) estimates
why large effects
Why Large Effects?
  • Unlike most countries, private schools are not only for elites in Netherlands
  • In fact, elite school sector does not really exist
  • Rather, private schools offer opportunities to less privileged
slide31

It is the value-added of private schools for relatively disadvantaged that leads to large effects

lessons for other countries
Lessons for Other Countries
  • Universal, integral choice system – produces quality, equity, diversity
  • Institutional structures (standards, exams, inspections) & regulatory framework, allows government to use public funds & private delivery effectively
  • Large private sector, autonomy, freedom – compatible with central government role
slide34
Thank you

Harry Anthony Patrinos

hpatrinos@worldbank.org