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Less Than Lethal Weapons Requirements for Military Forces OVERVIEW The Situation The Requirement Terms of Reference Technology - Guns - Ammo Target Vulnerability Tactical Application The Situation The Fluid Battle Environment Organized Military Opposition Unconventional Warfare

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Overview l.jpg

  • The Situation

  • The Requirement

  • Terms of Reference

  • Technology

    • - Guns

    • - Ammo

  • Target Vulnerability

  • Tactical Application

The situation l.jpg
The Situation

  • The Fluid Battle Environment

  • Organized Military Opposition

  • Unconventional Warfare

  • Civil Unrest

  • Non Combatant Screens

  • Dynamic Rules of Engagement

  • Currently Limited Response Options

  • Water Cannons

  • Sponge Balls

  • “Rubber” Bullets

  • Etc.

The requirement l.jpg
The Requirement

  • A Multi Purpose Weapon with Scaleable Lethality

    • Near instant Scalability from Lethal to Non Lethal and Back

    • Readily Deployed

    • Minimum Logistical Tail

    • Potential for various ammo types: ABM,HE,APDS

Nato policy less than lethal weapons ltlw l.jpg
NATO Policy Less Than LethalWeapons (LTLW)

  • Incapacitate or repel personnel, with a low probability of fatality

  • Expand the range of options available to NATO Military Authorities.

  • LTLW shall not be required to have zero probability of causing fatalities or permanent injuries.

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Design Elements of a Scaleable Kinetic Energy Weapon

  • Predictable delivery of subprojectiles requires:

  • MV Correction - Minimize error in range

  • Accurate Fuzing - Precise distance from the target

  • Uniformity of the payload - Subprojectiles same size

  • Uniformity of payload distribution - area coverage

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Payload: Subprojectiles

35mm Technology Suite

35mm air burst munition kinetic energy time fuze abm ketf layout l.jpg
35mm Air Burst Munition Kinetic Energy Time Fuze (ABM-KETF) – Layout:

Note: The payload (500g) is composed of cylindrical W-Subprojectiles (here 3.3 g).

For engagements other than AA (e.g. G-to-G) the mass of the subprojectiles can be reduced accordingly (e.g. 1 to 1.5 g)

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35 mm ABM (Ahead) – Layout:Subprojectile Dynamic Parameters

Subprojectile Density Valid for 3.3 g Subprojectiles

35 mm air burst munition various payload arrangements e g l.jpg
35 mm Air Burst Munition – Layout:Various Payload Arrangements, e.g:

Air Defense Version (Ahead)

IFV Version

35 mm Caliber

SP-diameter: 4.65 mm

11 Layers @ 31 SP (341) of 1.5 g each

Subprojectile, SP-diameter: 5.85 mm

8 Layers @ 19 SP (152) of 3.3 g each

F2 15201 BB

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Payload Foot-Print – Layout:

35 mm ABM (Ahead): 152 subprojectiles of 3.3 g

35 mm ABM: 341 subprojectiles of 1.5 g

Slide13 l.jpg

On-line Compensation of – Layout:Muzzle Velocity Variation

Fixed Time Programming

On-Line∆Vo - Compensation

Firing Range approx. 1600m

400% Improvement



Mission roles targets l.jpg
Mission Roles-Targets – Layout:

  • Mission Roles

    • Dissuasion (from Non-Lethal/Less-Than-Lethal)

    • Destruction (Lethal Mission Kill/Hard Kill)

  • Targets (Anti Material/Anti Personnel)

    • Armored Vehicles

    • Other Military Vehicles

    • MOUTS

    • Troops in bunkers

    • Troops in open

    • Civilian Shields

Slide16 l.jpg

Scaleable ABM Lethality Level – Layout:




Lethality Level


Fragment Penetration & Hit Density

I n c a p a c i t a t i o n

D i s s u a s i o n

F2 15085 CC

Mission kill demonstration with the 35mm ahead against mbt swiss p 68 upgraded l.jpg
Mission Kill Demonstration with the 35mm Ahead against MBT – Layout:(Swiss P-68 Upgraded)


1F 9707-93

Total: 2 Shots

F2 15223 BB

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Target Vulnerability Criteria (>90%) – Layout:In a Ground-to-Ground Defense Role(Subprojectile size 3.3gr)

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35 mm Ahead Payload Ejection at 2 km Range – Layout:: Performance

Case: 3.3 g Subprojectiles

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Tactical Scenarios Using ABM – Layout:

Point Target (incl. ATGW-Bunker, Prone & Covered Troops, MBT, Helicopter):

Area Target (Diffused Targets):


Linear Target (e.g. road with vehicles):

Pre-Determined Air Space (e.g. swarm of helicopters):


F2 15081 FF

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Air Burst Coverage Effectiveness Eg: 35mm Ahead with 3.3g Subprojectiles

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Ahead Payload Growth Potential Ahead with 3.3g Subprojectiles

  • Traditional Payload Effects:

    • Mechanical effects based on KE (Frags / Subprojectiles)

    • Flash & Bang

  • Emerging Payload Effects:

    • Disabling passive effects (against target sensors): Chaff, Phosphor, ...

    • EM waves effects (against target electronic system): NNEMP: Non-Nuclear EMP, HPM: Hyper Power Microwave, UWB: Ultra Wide Band, ... in directional radiation pattern

F2 16337 BD

Summary l.jpg
Summary Ahead with 3.3g Subprojectiles

  • Military gun systems can extend their mission capabilities from lethal through near lethal to less-than-lethal. 

  • Demonstrated technology exists that can be applied in the development of direct fire weapons systems.

  • The vulnerability of a broad range of targets can be accommodated within the mission profile.

Questions l.jpg
Questions? Ahead with 3.3g Subprojectiles

Contact information:

Andrew A. Bradick

6858 Old Dominion Dr,

Suite 210

McLean Va 22101

Tel 703 448 1947 Fax –1961 email abconsult@yahoo.com