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Forestry in the 2002 Farm Bill New Opportunities for Pennsylvania’s Forest Landowners “Farm Security and Rural Investme PowerPoint Presentation
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Forestry in the 2002 Farm Bill New Opportunities for Pennsylvania’s Forest Landowners “Farm Security and Rural Investment Act of 2002” Mark Buccowich, USDA Forest Service State and Private Forestry, Northeastern Area 1/13/03 Forestry and the 2002 Farm Bill.ppt Forestry in the 2002 Farm Bill

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Forestry in the 2002 Farm BillNew Opportunities for Pennsylvania’s Forest Landowners“Farm Security and Rural Investment Act of 2002”

Mark Buccowich,

USDA Forest Service

State and Private Forestry, Northeastern Area

1/13/03

Forestry and the 2002 Farm Bill.ppt

forestry in the 2002 farm bill
Forestry in the 2002 Farm Bill

Why is this a concern?

  • 17 million acres are Forest (59 % total land base)
  • 11.9 million acres of Non-Industrial Private Forestland (41.5%)
  • 512,700 Private Forest Landowners
  • Forest Based Earnings: $2,858,151,000 (sector ranked 8th)
forestry in the 2002 farm bill4
Forestry in the 2002 Farm Bill

Importance of Forestry in PA

  • Pennsylvania has more hardwood growing stock than any other state in the nation!
  • 78% of material harvested in the State comes from Private forestlands
  • But….85% of PA Private Forestland owners, controlling 80% of the private forestland, do not have a written management plan….
forestry in the 2002 farm bill5
Forestry in the 2002 Farm Bill

PA’s Private Forestland “lumped” in one contiguous block

forestry in the 2002 farm bill6
Forestry in the 2002 Farm Bill
  • President Bush signed Bill into Law May 13, 2002
  • Bill organized into “Titles”
  • Conservation and Forestry Titles of particular

interest (Titles II and VIII)

  • Read it yourself at:
    • Forestry Title: http://www.usda.gov/farmbill/conference_report/title8.pdf
    • Conservation Title: http://www.usda.gov/farmbill/conference_report/title2.pdf
forestry title programs
Forestry Title Programs
  • Forest Land Enhancement Program
    • What does it do: Cost Share, Technical and Educational assistance to“encourage the long-term sustainability of non-industrial private forest lands in the United States by assisting the owners of non-industrial private Forest land”
    • Administered by the USDA Forest Service
    • Funding: $100 Million over 5 years
forestry title programs8
Forestry Title Programs
  • FLEP Program Components
    • Cost-Share (in PA – may be 80%)
      • Replaces the Forestry Incentives Program and the Stewardship Incentives Program
    • Technical Assistance (in PA – TA/EA may be 20%)
      • Helps support the delivery of the program
    • Educational Assistance
      • Workshops & Training
      • Curriculum Development
      • Website construction & maintenance
forestry title programs9
SIP Nationally

1994: $10,942,935

1995: $12,098,329

1996: $15,742,013

FLEP Nationally

2003: $20,000,000

2004: $35,000,000

2005: $25,000,000

Forestry Title Programs

FLEP Funding

FLEP vs SIP?

forestry title programs10
Forestry Title Programs

FLEP: What’s Pennsylvania’s share?

  • FY2003 Approximately $500,000
  • How does this compare with the Stewardship Incentives Program (SIP) funding-wise?
    • 1994: $293,000
    • 1995: $526,000
    • 1996: $500,000 (approx.)
    • 1997: $3,800 (admin)
forestry title programs11
Forestry Title Programs
  • FLEP Eligibility:
    • NIPF Land

Non-industrial private forest land:“. . . rural lands . . that

(A) have existing tree cover or are suitable for growing trees; and,

(B) are owned by any non-industrial private individual, group, association, corporation, Indian Tribe, or other private legal entity so long as the individual, group, association, corporation, tribe or entity has definitive decision-making authority over the lands.”

forestry title programs12
Forestry Title Programs
  • Practice plan required
  • Maintain practice for at least ten years
  • Treatment of no more that 1,000 acres (acreage limit 5,000 acres in some cases) (per LO/per year)
  • Maximum of 75% cost-share benefit – State sets its own max
  • Maximum of $100,000 to any one landowner,

2002-2007

FLEP Eligibility:

forestry title programs13
Forestry Title Programs
  • FLEP Priority Plan
    • Required for State to Receive Funds
      • What
      • Why
      • Where
      • How
      • How Much
      • Eligibility Criteria
forestry title programs14
Tree Farm Program

Land owners

Hardwood Lumber Manufacturers Assoc

Audubon Society

Natural Lands Trust

PA DCNR Forestry

USDA NRCS

PA Association of Consulting Foresters

Nature Conservancy

USDA FSA

PA Forestry Association

And more….

Forestry Title Programs

FLEP: Role & make up of the Stewardship Committee

forestry title programs15
Forest Stewardship Plan Development

Afforestation & Reforestation

Forest Stand Improvement

Water Quality & Watersheds

Fish and Wildlife Habitat

Forest Health & Protection

Invasive Species Control

Risk Reduction & Rehabilitation

Agroforestry

Special Practices

Forestry Title Programs

FLEP Approved Cost-share Practices

Law allows for up to 75% cost share payment

forestry title programs16
Forestry Title Programs

FLEP Cost-share Practices

  • Regeneration Practices
    • Planting, site prep, protection
  • Forest Stewardship Plan Development
  • Water Quality and Riparian Practices
    • Riparian buffers

State Priorities

forestry title programs17
Forestry Title Programs
  • FLEP: So how do I sign up?
    • States can start taking applications following Federal Register publication of interim “Rule” (anticipated March ’03)
    • State must have an approved Priority Plan
    • Each State will set its own application and payment procedures
forestry title programs18
Forestry Title Programs
  • FLEP - For additional information

Contact your local DCNR Bureau of Forestry

Service Forester

      • http://www.dcnr.state.pa.us/forestry/dcontacts.htm
      • (717) 787-2106

Or, visit the USDA Forest Service FLEP Website at

      • http://www.fs.fed.us/spf/coop/flep
conservation title programs
CRP

CSP

FRPP

EQUIP

AMA

WHIP

Conservation Title Programs

Cost Share Incentive Programs

conservation title programs20
Conservation Title Programs
  • Conservation Reserve Program (CRP)
    • What does it do: Provides rental payments to produces who plant sensitive lands to long term cover
    • Administered by USDA Farm Services Agency
    • Pennsylvania landowners received $7,000,163 in 2002
conservation title programs21
Conservation Title Programs
  • Conservation Reserve Program (CRP)contd.
    • 2002 modifications:
      • Acreage cap Increased
      • Makes soil, water wildlife equal priorities
    • 10-15 year contracts
    • For more information:
      • http://www.fsa.usda.gov/dafp/cepd/crp.htm
conservation title programs22
Conservation Title Programs
  • Conservation Security Program
    • New Program – Not yet “online”
    • What does it do: Rewards producers who have practiced good stewardship and incentives for those who want to do more.

Assists agricultural producers in promoting conservation and enhancing the quality of soil, air, water, energy, and plant and animal life.

    • Administered by USDA NRCS

Photo by USDA NRCS

conservation title programs23
Conservation Title Programs
  • Conservation Security Program (contd.)
    • Eligible Land: Forest land that is an incidental part of an agricultural operation.
    • For additional information:
      • http://www.wi.nrcs.usda.gov/pubs/CSP_docs/CSP%20fact%20sheet%209-9-02.pdf

Photo by USDA NRCS

conservation title programs24
Conservation Title Programs
  • Farm and Ranchland Protection Program
    • What Does it do: used to purchase conservation easements for the purposes of protecting topsoil by limiting nonagricultural uses of the land. 
    • Administered by USDA NRCS
    • In 2002 PA received $2,900,000

Photo by USDA NRCS

conservation title programs25
Conservation Title Programs
  • Farm and Ranch Land Protection Program(contd.)
    • Eligibility: Eligible land includes forestland that is an incidental part of an agricultural operation – minimum 30-year contract required
    • Mandatory CCC funding of $597 million through 2007
    • For more information: http://www.nrcs.usda.gov/programs/farmbill/2002/pdf/FPPFct.pdf

Photo by USDA NRCS

conservation title programs26
Conservation Title Programs
  • Environmental Quality Incentives Program (EQUIP)
    • What does it do: provides cost-share payments and other incentive payments to producers to treat identified soil, water, and related natl. resource concerns on eligible land
    • Administered by USDA NRCS
    • 2002 modification expands eligibility to include private non-industrial forestland, but – 60% earmarked for Livestock producers

Photo by USDA NRCS

conservation title programs27
Conservation Title Programs
  • Environmental Quality Incentives Program (EQUIP) (contd.)
    • 2002 Farm Bill Quadruples EQUIP Program!
    • Cost shares up to 75% for certain practices
      • Requires 1-10 year contract
    • Funded at $1.3 billion annually through 2007
    • In 2002, PA received $5,000,000
    • State currently seeking 10% of pot for Forestry
    • For more information:
      • http://www.nrcs.usda.gov/programs/farmbill/2002/pdf/EQIPFct.pdf
conservation title programs28
Conservation Title Programs
  • Agricultural Management Assistance
    • What does it do: Financial assistance for a wide range of conservation and Risk reduction practices, including planting of trees (for water quality improvement or windbreaks)
    • Administered by USDA NRCS
    • Limited to 15 States, including PA

Photo by USDA NRCS

conservation title programs29
Conservation Title Programs
  • Agricultural Management Assistance (contd)
    • 2002 modification: Funding increased by $10,000,000/year in mandatory funding ($20,000,000/year)
    • 5-10 year contract
    • In 2002 PA received: $705,000
    • For more information:
      • http://www.nrcs.usda.gov/programs/ama/

Photo by USDA NRCS

conservation title programs30
Conservation Title Programs
  • Wildlife Habitat Incentives Program (WHIP)
    • What does it do:Cost share payments and technical assistance are provided to producers to develop high quality wildlife habitats on their land
    • Administered by USDA NRCS
    • Mandatory funding ($15 - 85 million: ’02-’07)
conservation title programs31
Conservation Title Programs
  • Wildlife Habitat Incentives Program(contd.)
    • While not specifically mentioned – Forest landowners may be eligible
    • In 2002 PA received: $285,000
    • Cost shares up to 75% of certain wildlife practices
    • For more information:
      • http://www.nrcs.usda.gov/programs/farmbill/2002/pdf/WHIPFct.pdf
forestry in the 2002 farm bill32
Forestry in the 2002 Farm Bill
  • Authorized but funding not anticipated:
    • Community and Private Land Fire Assistance Program
      • Relative importance to Pennsylvania forest landowners – Medium
      • Administered by USDA Forest Service
      • Funding Level: $35 Million annually approved through 2007
forestry in the 2002 farm bill33
Forestry in the 2002 Farm Bill
  • Authorized but funding not anticipated
  • Sustainable Forestry Outreach Initiative
    • New Program under the Extension Legislation
    • Administered by USDA Cooperative State Research, Education, and Extension Service (CSREES)
    • For more information:

http://www.reeusda.gov/1700/programs/programs.htm

forestry in the 2002 farm bill34
Forestry in the 2002 Farm Bill
  • Unfunded but……
  • Congress recognizes that:
    • University Programs critical to success of technical and cost share assistance programs
  • Congress expects that:
    • US Department of Agriculture will seek greater cooperation and collaboration with Universities as it implements technical and cost share programs
forestry in the 2002 farm bill35
Forestry in the 2002 Farm Bill
  • Summary
    • We know that cost share results in LO’s doing good things
    • Many opportunities for assistance – but available is only 10% of demand.
    • If you appreciate these programs – Thank your elected representatives. (What happened to SIP?)
references
References
  • 2002 Farm Bill: Forestry and Natural Resource Provisions
    • http://www.sfrc.ufl.edu/Extension/ffws/csp.htm
  • Pinchot Institute Farm Bill Analysis: Conservation Title Programs
    • http://www.pinchot.org/pic/farmbill/Conservation_Title_Fact_Sheet.pdf
  • Pinchot Institute Farm Bill Analysis: EQUIP
    • http://www.pinchot.org/pic/farmbill/EQIP_Fact_Sheet.pdf
  • Pinchot Institute Farm Bill Analysis: FLEP
    • http://www.pinchot.org/pic/farmbill/FLEP_Fact_Sheet.pdf
  • Pinchot Institute Farm Bill Analysis: SFOI
    • http://www.pinchot.org/pic/farmbill/SFOI_Fact_Sheet.pdf
  • Forestry Assistance Programs in the 2002 Farm Bill
    • NASF Powerpoint Presentation prepared for LA State Forester Paul Frey
references37
References
  • Farm Bill Powerpoint Presentations prepared by Oklahoma State
    • New Farm Bill For Forestry
    • Other Conservation Programs
    • NRCS Conservation Overview
    • Full Overview
    • http://www.agecon.okstate.edu/agpolicy/farmbill.html
  • National Woodland Owners Association
    • Washington Update August 2002
  • Forestry In Pennsylvania
    • Slide presentation prepared by DCNR Forester Ellen Roane
forestry in the 2002 farm bill38
Forestry in the 2002 Farm Bill
  • Follow-up Contact info
    • Forest Lands Enhancement Program –
      • Jim Stiehler, DCNR Stewardship Program Coordinator
        • 814-364-5157
    • NRCS Administered Programs
        • 717-237-2210
    • FSA Administered Programs
        • 717-237-2113
    • Penn State Forestry Extension
      • David Jackson
        • 814-355-4897
  • Download this presentation from: http://www.fs.fed.us/ne/home/buccowich/