Adolf Hitler and How the Nazi’s Rose to Power
Teaching Point Today we will investigate Hitler through text, images and video
Adolf Hitler • Born April 20, 1889, Austria • Died April 30, 1945, Berlin, Germany
Early Life • Adolf Hitler spent most of his childhood in Linz, the capital of Upper Austria • Father Died in 1903 • Hitler feared and disliked his father • Hitler was a devoted son to his mother • Mother Died in 1907
Early Life • Hitler never advanced beyond a secondary education. • He eventually moved to Vienna to a big city • At the age of 19 he applied for Art school • Hitler dreamed of becoming an artist but he twice failed to be accepted into the Academy of Fine Arts
Speculation: Hitler is believed to have blamed a Jewish professor for his rejection from the academy. • Some believe this sparked his persecution of Jews in later life
Early Life • For some years he lived a lonely and isolated life, earning a living by painting postcards and advertisements and drifting from one municipal hostel to another. • He also gave up drinking alcohol and was a vegetarian. • In Vienna, is where he started thinking that Jews were different from Germans.
Off to join the military • In 1913, Hitler moved to Munich. Screened for Austrian military service in February 1914, he was classified as physically unfit. • World War I broke out he volunteered for the German army. • Joined the 16th Bavarian Reserve Infantry Regiment.
Continued… • During the war, he was in the front line as a headquarters runner • He was Awarded with the Iron Cross, Second Class, in December 1914 • Awarded the Iron Cross, First Class (a rare decoration for a corporal), in August 1918.
Rise to Power • Hitler took up political work in Munich in May–June 1919. As an army political agent, he joined the small German Workers' Party in Munich (September 1919). • In 1920 he was put in charge of the party's propaganda • He left the army to devote himself to improving his position within the party. • That year the party was renamed the National-Socialist German Workers Party (Nazi).
Continued… • Resentment at the loss of World War I and the severity of the peace terms added to the economic problems and made people’s lives miserable. • After World War I the Imperial government was replaced and became a Republic. • People were not happy with the Weimar Republic. • There were several attempts by different violent groups to take over Germany.
Continued… • In the early 1920s, the ranks of Hitler's Nazi Party swelled with resentful Germans who sympathized with the party's bitter hatred of Germany's democratic government, leftist politics, and Jews • Leftist Politics - the part of a political or social organization advocating a liberal or radical position.
Beer Hall Putsch • In November 1923, after the German government resumed the payment of war reparations to Britain and France, the Nazis launched the "Beer Hall Putsch"--their first attempt at seizing the German government by force. • Hitler hoped that his nationalist revolution in Bavaria would spread to the dissatisfied German army, which in turn would bring down the government in Berlin. • The uprising was immediately suppressed, and Hitler was arrested and sentenced to five years in prison for high treason.
Imprisonment • He spent his time dictating his autobiography, Mein Kampf, (“My Struggle”) and working on his oratorical skills. • After nine months in prison, political pressure from supporters of the Nazi Party forced his release.
On the Rise… • During the next few years, Hitler and the other leading Nazis reorganized their party. • They were able to gain a majority in the German parliament--the Reichstag--by legal means in 1932. • The Nazi Party won 37% of the Reichstag seats, thanks to a massive propaganda campaign.
Continued… • In the same year, President Paul von Hindenburg defeated a presidential bid by Hitler • Hoping to keep him quiet on January 1933 Hindenburg appointed Hitler chancellor • Keep your friends close but your enemies closer
1933 • Hitler is appointed the Chancellor of Germany • His reign of terror begins and events that lead to the Holocaust are starting to take place. • August 1934 Hitler declares himself president and Chancellor of the Third Reich
The Holocaust Began WWII on the Horizon
Sources • http://www.biography.com/articles/Adolf-Hitler-9340144 • http://www.history.com/this-day-in-history/hitler-sent-to-landsberg-jail • http://www.dailymail.co.uk/news/article-1260274/Hitlers-GCSE-art-sketches-sale.html