Introduction to Theories of Public Policy. Outline Uses of Models Types of Models Group Work. Dye: Uses of Models. Simplify and clarify our thinking about politics and public policy Identify important aspects of policy problems
2. How are policy decisions made?
3. What are the underlying assumptions of the theory/model?
4. If the author is right, what are the consequences for the general public of policy decisions made in accordance with the particular theory/model?
There are 4 questions you should be able to answer about each of the theories or models you will be exposed to:
Public policy as institutional output
Public policy as political activity
Public policy as group equilibrium
Who: interest groups, their allies in government
Public policy as elite preference
Public policy as maximum social gain
Who: decision makers (all social, political, economic values sacrificed or achieved by a policy choice) irrespective of dollar amount (Bentham, Mills)
Public policy as variations on the past
Public policy as rational choice in competitive situations
Public policy as collective decision making by self-interested individuals
Public policy as system output
3. Group Theory
4. Elite Theory
7. Game Theory
8. Public Choice Theory
9. Systems Theory
10. Kingdon-Garbage Can Model