Go Play in the Street … Safely !. “A Need To Be Seen”. OVERVIEW. “PLAY IN THE STREETS… SAFELY !”. This presentation will identify operational practices that will provide protection and enhance safety for personnel operating in or near moving vehicle traffic. PLANNING. R408.17433
“A Need To Be Seen”
An employer shall have and implement written operational procedures specific to the type of hazard to which an employee may be exposed.
According to NIOSH, agencies should:
According to NIOSH, agencies should:
When an incident occurs on a limited access highway, an additional apparatus should be dispatched along with the first-due companies. The principal functions of the additional company are to:
MUTCD: “Responders should … take measures to move the traffic incident as far off the traveled roadway as possible, or to provide appropriate warning.”
(Coordinated and Pre-Planned with all law enforcement agencies)
Consider visibility and conspicuity when designing color and placement of additional warning lights on vehicles.
Large blocks of complimentary color contrast:
are more effective than thin stripes.
Park unneeded vehicles off the roadway.
When acting as a shield, apparatus warning lights shall remain on, if appropriate.
Blocking creates a ‘shadow’ downstream. Working in the ‘shadow’ offers the greatest degree of safety and protection from moving traffic.
The patient loading area of the ambulance should be in the ‘shadow’.
White flashing, rotating, and strobe lights off.
It takes an average of 6 seconds to regain our “night vision.”
30 mph – 264 feet (longer than our pre-connects)
45 mph – 396 feet
60 mph – 528 feet, or 1/10 of a mile!
How many responders parked on the opposite side of the expressway and jumped the median wall to access this incident?
Employees exposed to public vehicular traffic shall be provided with, and shall wear, warning vests or other suitable garments marked with or made of reflectorized or high-visibility material.
(Effective November 24, 2008)
“All workers within the right-of-way of a Federal-aid highway…shall wear high visibility safety apparel.”
(“High Visibility Safety Apparel” is defined as safety clothing that meets the Performance Class 2 or Class 3 requirements.)
Class 2 –Superior visibility and more conspicuous than class 1. Suggested for inclement weather, attention diverted from or close proximity to traffic. Includes emergency response personnel.
Wrap around the upper body
Class 3 – Greater visibility by adding material to arms and/or legs. Suggested for higher vehicle speeds and/or high task loads. Includes emergency response personnel.
Outline of the body
ANSI/ISEA 207-2006 for Public Safety Vests includes provisions for break-away or tear-away features
REMAIN VIGILANT AT ALL TIMES
NEVER TRUST TRAFFIC
HAVE AN ESCAPE ROUTE
Exit Protocols: Continued
Exit Protocols continued:
GET IN A PROTECTED AREA AS SOON AS POSSIBLE, AND STAY IN A PROTECTED AREA AS MUCH AS POSSIBLE.
Michigan statute states that law enforcement has the primary responsibility for traffic control at emergency incidents.
NIOSH: If police have not arrived, control oncoming vehicles before turning attention to the emergency.
MUTCD: “An essential part of … rescue … activities is the proper control of road users through the traffic incident management area in order to protect responders, victims, and other personnel at the site while providing reasonable safe traffic flow.”
Close the road completely when necessary.
Lets traffic resume
normal operationsCOMPONENTS OF A TEMPORARY TRAFFIC CONTROL ZONE AT A ‘TRAFFIC INCIDENT.’
allows traffic to pass through the activity area
Fire and EMS
is where work
protection for traffic
provides protection for traffic and workers
moves traffic out
of its normal path
tells traffic what to
The A.W.A. Begins at the first warning light or sign.
200’ in a 35 mph zone
500’ in a 50 mph zone
½ mile on an expressway
Consider curves and hills to ensure the advanced warning device is visible 350’ upstream.
Taper – The use of signs, cones, flares or blocking vehicles to direct approaching traffic from the normal traffic lanes into a fewer number of traffic lanes. Establishes the ‘transition area’.
Pick cones up while walking toward traffic, from the center to the shoulder
The “activity area” is the area at an incident scene that is protected from moving traffic
The ambulance should be parked to best protect the loading area of the ambulance.
4 Key Points: