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Go Play in the Street … Safely !. “A Need To Be Seen”. OVERVIEW. “PLAY IN THE STREETS… SAFELY !”. This presentation will identify operational practices that will provide protection and enhance safety for personnel operating in or near moving vehicle traffic. PLANNING. R408.17433

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go play in the street safely
Go Play in the Street … Safely !

“A Need To Be Seen”

play in the streets safely
OVERVIEW“PLAY IN THE STREETS… SAFELY !”

This presentation will identify operational practices that will provide protection and enhance safety for personnel operating in or near moving vehicle traffic.

slide3
PLANNING

R408.17433

An employer shall have and implement written operational procedures specific to the type of hazard to which an employee may be exposed.

slide4
PLANNING

According to NIOSH, agencies should:

  • Establish preplans regarding traffic control for emergency service incidents.
  • Develop pre-incident plans for areas that have a high rate of motor vehicle crashes.
  • Establish pre-incident agreements with law enforcement and highway departments.(AAPD, vs LCSD approach)

Meaning?

slide5
PLANNING

According to NIOSH, agencies should:

  • Establish a unified command system. (Face to face communication with Law Enforcement, EMS, Fire, DOT, and Towing Service.)
  • Ensure that an incident safety officer, independent of the incident commander, is appointed.
  • Assign a traffic control supervisor.
  • Authorize the supervisor to halt work until unsafe conditions have been eliminated.

Meaning?

slide6
PLANNING

When an incident occurs on a limited access highway, an additional apparatus should be dispatched along with the first-due companies. The principal functions of the additional company are to:

  • make approaching traffic aware that there is an emergency scene ahead,
  • to provide an upstream ‘block’, and
  • to deploy additional traffic control devices.

Meaning?

slide7
MANAGE

MUTCD: “Responders should … take measures to move the traffic incident as far off the traveled roadway as possible, or to provide appropriate warning.”

(Coordinated and Pre-Planned with all law enforcement agencies)

slide8
FEMA: Mark apparatus with conspicuous contrasting colors

Consider visibility and conspicuity when designing color and placement of additional warning lights on vehicles.

8

slide9
Fluorescent colors are seen 70% further than other colors because they are rarely seen naturally.

Large blocks of complimentary color contrast:

Orange/Blue,

Yellow/Violet,

Green/Red

are more effective than thin stripes.

slide11
Design ambulances and rescue vehicles so that the outside emergency equipment/storage compartments containing equipment needed at an MVC are all on one side of the ambulance.
highway terminology
HIGHWAY TERMINOLOGY
  • Right and left – Orientation is based upon facing in the direction which traffic is flowing.
  • Inside and outside – Terms given to sides of the highway. Inside is the middle or median side.
  • Upstream- refers to any area of a highway or any moving traffic that is approaching the actual incident or activity area.
  • Downstream – refers to the area that is past the incident.
slide13
NIOSH: Position apparatus to take advantage of topography and weather, and to protect responders from traffic.

Park unneeded vehicles off the roadway.

slide14
Apparatus shall be utilized as a shield from oncoming traffic wherever possible.

When acting as a shield, apparatus warning lights shall remain on, if appropriate.

blocking in the transition area
BLOCKING IN THE TRANSITION AREA

Blocking creates a ‘shadow’ downstream. Working in the ‘shadow’ offers the greatest degree of safety and protection from moving traffic.

The patient loading area of the ambulance should be in the ‘shadow’.

traffic blocking procedures
TRAFFIC BLOCKING PROCEDURES

White flashing, rotating, and strobe lights off.

slide19
Minimize the ‘carnival’ of lights.
  • Maintain emergency warning lights on vehicles that are blocking or providing advanced warning.
  • Reduce or extinguish warning lights on vehicles parked away from the traveled lanes. (Consider leaving only 4-way flashers.)
  • Consider warning ‘upstream’ only
slide20
Limit the use of apparatus headlights and deploy flood lights downward to light the work area, while reducing the glare hazard for other drivers.

It takes an average of 6 seconds to regain our “night vision.”

30 mph – 264 feet (longer than our pre-connects)

45 mph – 396 feet

60 mph – 528 feet, or 1/10 of a mile!

slide21
QUIZ

How many responders parked on the opposite side of the expressway and jumped the median wall to access this incident?

slide23
OSHA 29CFR 1926.651(d)

Employees exposed to public vehicular traffic shall be provided with, and shall wear, warning vests or other suitable garments marked with or made of reflectorized or high-visibility material.

slide24
23CFR Part 634 – Worker Visibility

(Effective November 24, 2008)

“All workers within the right-of-way of a Federal-aid highway…shall wear high visibility safety apparel.”

(“High Visibility Safety Apparel” is defined as safety clothing that meets the Performance Class 2 or Class 3 requirements.)

ansi std for hi vis apparel
ANSI STD. FOR HI-VIS APPAREL

Class 2 –Superior visibility and more conspicuous than class 1. Suggested for inclement weather, attention diverted from or close proximity to traffic. Includes emergency response personnel.

Wrap around the upper body

ansi std for hi vis apparel1
ANSI STD. FOR HI-VIS APPAREL

Class 3 – Greater visibility by adding material to arms and/or legs. Suggested for higher vehicle speeds and/or high task loads. Includes emergency response personnel.

Outline of the body

ansi std for hi vis apparel2
ANSI STD. FOR HI-VIS APPAREL

ANSI/ISEA 207-2006 for Public Safety Vests includes provisions for break-away or tear-away features

personal survival skills
PERSONAL SURVIVAL SKILLS

REMAIN VIGILANT AT ALL TIMES

NEVER TRUST TRAFFIC

HAVE AN ESCAPE ROUTE

personal survival skills front cab
PERSONAL SURVIVAL SKILLSFront Cab

Exit Protocols:

  • Look at approaching traffic in a side mirror
  • Turn your head to look rearward over your shoulder at approaching traffic
  • Open the door partially
  • Check approaching traffic
  • Exit vehicle to street if safe to do so
personal survival skills front cab1
PERSONAL SURVIVAL SKILLSFront Cab

Exit Protocols: Continued

  • Close the door.
  • Maintain a low profile alongside the apparatus, with your eyes on the approaching traffic
  • With your back to the apparatus, move around to the protected side of the apparatus.
personal survival skills rear of an ambulance
PERSONAL SURVIVAL SKILLSRear of an ambulance

Exit Protocols:

  • Use either the side or rear door, whichever is furthest from traffic.
  • Look at approaching traffic through windows
  • Open door partially
  • Check for approaching traffic
personal survival skills rear of an ambulance1
PERSONAL SURVIVAL SKILLSRear of an ambulance

Exit Protocols continued:

  • Exit if safe to do so.
  • Close the door
  • Maintain a low profile
  • Move to the protected side of the ambulance away from the traffic
personal survival skills maneuvering around apparatus
PERSONAL SURVIVAL SKILLSManeuvering around apparatus
  • Move along the downstream, protected side of the apparatus
  • Stop at all corners of the vehicle
  • Look upstream at approaching traffic
  • Move to compartment
  • Open compartment door
  • Obtain the equipment while continually checking traffic
personal survival skills maneuvering around apparatus1
PERSONAL SURVIVAL SKILLSManeuvering around apparatus
  • Obtain the equipment while continually checking traffic
  • Close the door
  • Maintain a low profile alongside the vehicle, with your eyes on approaching traffic
  • Move to a safe location
personal survival skills general considerations
PERSONAL SURVIVAL SKILLSGeneral Considerations
  • Carry a flashlight for signaling.
  • Never step into the road without looking at traffic.
  • Carry what you might want on the first trip – avoid making multiple trips from the scene to the ambulance.
  • Approach on the shoulder – not the lane
  • Work on the shoulder – not in the road
  • Utilize your resources
personal survival skills everyone
PERSONAL SURVIVAL SKILLSEveryone

GET IN A PROTECTED AREA AS SOON AS POSSIBLE, AND STAY IN A PROTECTED AREA AS MUCH AS POSSIBLE.

slide37
CONTROL

Michigan statute states that law enforcement has the primary responsibility for traffic control at emergency incidents.

NIOSH: If police have not arrived, control oncoming vehicles before turning attention to the emergency.

slide38
CONTROL

MUTCD: “An essential part of … rescue … activities is the proper control of road users through the traffic incident management area in order to protect responders, victims, and other personnel at the site while providing reasonable safe traffic flow.”

slide39
NIOSH: If it is impossible to protect the scene from immediate danger, position yourself and the victim in a secure area and maximize your visibility.

Close the road completely when necessary.

slide40
Place flares while walking with traffic, watching traffic, while walking from the shoulder to the center
components of a temporary traffic control zone at a traffic incident
Termination Area

Lets traffic resume

normal operations

COMPONENTS OF A TEMPORARY TRAFFIC CONTROL ZONE AT A ‘TRAFFIC INCIDENT.’

(100 ft.)

Downstream Taper

Traffic Space

allows traffic to pass through the activity area

Fire and EMS

activities take

place here

Activity Area

is where work

takes place

Buffer Space

(lateral) provides

protection for traffic

and workers

Buffer Space

(longitudinal)

provides protection for traffic and workers

Transition Area

moves traffic out

of its normal path

Advanced

Warning Area

tells traffic what to

expect ahead

advance warning area
ADVANCE WARNING AREA

The A.W.A. Begins at the first warning light or sign.

200’ in a 35 mph zone

500’ in a 50 mph zone

½ mile on an expressway

Consider curves and hills to ensure the advanced warning device is visible 350’ upstream.

slide43
TRANSITION AREA

Taper – The use of signs, cones, flares or blocking vehicles to direct approaching traffic from the normal traffic lanes into a fewer number of traffic lanes. Establishes the ‘transition area’.

slide44
Place cones while walking with traffic, watching traffic, while walking from the shoulder to the center

Pick cones up while walking toward traffic, from the center to the shoulder

slide45
ACTIVITY AREA

The “activity area” is the area at an incident scene that is protected from moving traffic

slide46
If one is established, park the ambulance in the protected portion of the activity area.

The ambulance should be parked to best protect the loading area of the ambulance.

summary
SUMMARY

4 Key Points:

  • Park to Protect – Take the Lane + 1,
  • Dress to be Seen,
  • Warn and Control Oncoming Traffic, and
  • Work in the Protected Zone – Don’t Trust the Traffic.
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