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Contact 1. Contact . SWCNT. T. T 1. T 2. x. Patrick Phelan, Program Director NSF CBET November 2006 (703)292-8371 Thermal Transport Processes (TTP) Program . Research Objectives

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Thermal Transport Processes (TTP) Program

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thermal transport processes ttp program

Contact 1







Patrick Phelan, Program Director

NSF CBET November 2006


Thermal Transport Processes (TTP) Program

ttp program scope
Research Objectives

Fundamental understanding of thermal transport at the microscopic, mesoscopic, and macroscopic levels for

the conversion of energy,

the synthesis and processing of materials,

cooling and heating of buildings and equipment,

biological systems,

the interaction of industrial processes with the environment

Major Funded Topics

Synthesis, manufacturing, and integration of nanothermal Systems

Multiphase transport

High heat flux micro-engineering

Manufacturing and materials processing

Complex convective flow processes

Thermal properties

Design, control and optimization

TTP Program Scope
ttp fy06 career projects
TTP FY06 CAREER Projects
  • H. Hu, Iowa State University

CAREER: Development of Molecule-Based Diagnostic Technique to Study Joule Heating and Micro-Scale Heat Transfer Process in Electrokinetically-Driven Microfluidics

  • S. Huxtable, Virginia Tech

CAREER: Measurements, Understanding, and Control of Interfacial Thermal Transport and Recruiting Young Minorities to Science and Engineering

  • J. Lukes, University of Pennsylvania

CAREER: Integrated Approach for Modeling Thermal Energy Transport in Mesoscale Arrays of Nanostructures

ttp research themes relative to cbet priority areas
TTP Research ThemesRelative to CBET Priority Areas

CBET Priority Areas

TTP Themes

Energy, Environment, & Sustainability

Nanotransport applied to energy, manufacturing, and health

Nanoscale Science & Engineering

High heat flux micro-engineering

Thermal transport in materials processing and manufacturing


Multi-Scale Modeling

Thermal transport

in energy systems

Biology in Engineering

examples of awards in theme areas
Examples of Awards in Theme Areas

CAREER: Nanoscale Thermal Processing with a Heated Atomic Force Microscope Cantilever Tip (Bill King, Georgia Tech)

Heated AFM tip is used to:

  • Explore and improve nanoscale properties of energetic and other materials
  • Quickly, accurately, and inexpensively manufacture materials with nanoscale features, such as digital memory and tissue scaffolds
  • Resulted in Technology Review 2006 Young Innovators Under 35 recognition

World’s Smallest Controlled Heat Source

examples of awards in theme areas1
Examples of Awards in Theme Areas

SGER: A New Innovative Miniature Passive Direct Methanol Fuel Cell (Amir Faghri, University of Connecticut)

  • Planar fuel cell stack
  • Pure methanol fuel (liquid or vapor)
  • Air-breathing
  • No pumping
  • No external power sources needed
  • Passive water recirculation
  • Orientation-independent operation

Planar Air-Breathing

Fuel Cell Stacks

where are the frontiers 1 ttp looking forward
Where are the frontiers?1TTP Looking Forward
  • Challenges remain in continuum level phenomena that will continue to nurture mature fields at a lower level
    • Multi-phase, multi-component, high turbulence, coupled reacting flows with heat transfer, but
  • Micro and Nanoscale Engineering will continue to be the dominant driver of modern Thermal Science
    • High heat flux, small scales, convective and nanoscale interfacial phenomena driven by emerging integrated electronics, future nanoelectronics, and bio-interfaces
    • Synthesis, characterization and modeling of nanomaterials and nanostructures and integration into nanosystems; motivates research in nano-manufacturing
  • Rapid transition of ideas, measurements, and modeling to two emerging, transcendent areas:
    • Sustainable energy (Hydrogen, Nano-photovoltaics)
    • Cellular and Molecular engineering

1 ”Frontiers in Transport Phenomena Research and Education: Energy Systems, Biological Systems, Security, Information Technology, and Nanotechnology” - an NSF/TTP Funded Workshop, scheduled for May 2007

one frontier energy balance and obesity
One Frontier: Energy Balance and Obesity

Obesity is an increasingly important American public health concern. Working with NIH and the NSF BES Division, the TTP program supported a workshop in June 2006, to bring together medical practioners, public health specialists, and engineering researchers to address this crucial issue.

  • A joint NIH/NSF solicitation on Bioengineering Approaches to Energy Balance and Obesity was issued in August 2006

PI: James Hill, Professor of Pediatrics & Medicine, University of Colorado Health Sciences Center (workshop organizer)