Singapore and Malaysia Bri Dye Kimmy Dorka Becca Cargould
Singapore the country Singapore is slightly more than 3.5 times the size of Washington DC
Population: approx. 5,353,500 people • Ethnic Groups: • Chinese 76.8% • Malay 13.9% • Indian 7.9% • Others 1.4% The Culture
Religions • Buddhist 42.5% • Muslim 14.9% • Taoist 8.5% • Hindu 4% • Catholic 4.8% • Other Christians 9.8% • None (Atheist) 14.8% • Other 0.7% The Religions & Languages
Languages • Mandarin (official language) 35% • English (official language) 23% • Malay (official language) 14.1% • Hokkien 11.4% • Cantonese 5.7% • Teochew 4.9% • Tamil (official language) 3.2% • Other Chinese dialects 1.8% The Religions & Languages
Funding Education 3% of Singapore’s GDP goes towards education Total expenditures=$38.52 Billion
Literacy Total Population: 92.5% Definition: age 15 and over can read and write. Male: 96.6% Female: 88.6%
Purpose of Schooling The goal of the Ministry of Education of Singapore is to mold the future nation with a vision of thinking schools. The goal is a holistic education for students which prepares them for the challenges of the future.
First Days of School http://www.youtube.com/watch?feature=player_embedded&v=ag0QWf_qf3c#
Comparisons Singapore United States
Kindergarten • Defined only if registered with MOE • 3 years- Nursery, Kindergarten (1), and Kindergarten (2) • Have school 5 days a week for 3-4 hrs/day • 2 sessions of kindergarten a day • Run by private sectors • Private sectors • Community foundations • Religious Bodies • Social Organizations
Primary School • Goal of primary school- teach the English language, Mother Tongue, Mathematics, and Science • 4 year foundation stage: Primary 1-4 • 2 year orientation stage: Primary 5-6 • Primary School Leaving Examination (end of Primary 6)= allocate placement for students into secondary school based on exam scores
Secondary • 4 to 5 years • Placed in 1 of 4 education tracks • Special • Express • Normal- academic • Normal- technical
Special and Express • 4 year courses leading to the Singapore-Cambridge General Certificate of Education Ordinary (Level O) national exam • Express- the native language (English and Mother Tongue) are taught at a higher level as Higher Mother Tongue • Foreign language can be taken in addition or to replace it
Normal- academic/technical • 4 year course leading to a Normal (Level N) exam • Normal academic • Prepared to take Level O exam • Normal technical • Subjects more technical in nature *Students is normal course can sit for the Level O exam without taking the Level N exam first.
Higher Education • Junior College • 2 year pre-university course determined by level O subject grades • Pre-University (3 years) • Polytechnic University (3 years) • *After completion of pre0-university courses, students can choose to attend one of Singapore’s four universities.
4 Universities in Singapore • National University of Singapore (NUS) • http://app.singaporeedu.gov.sg/asp/common/extlink.asp?url=www.nus.edu.sg/ • Nanyang Technological University (NTU) • http://app.singaporeedu.gov.sg/asp/common/extlink.asp?url=www.ntu.edu.sg/ • Singapore Management University (SMU) • http://app.singaporeedu.gov.sg/asp/common/extlink.asp?url=www.smu.edu.sg/ • Singapore University of Technology and Design (SUTD) • http://app.singaporeedu.gov.sg/asp/common/extlink.asp?url=www.sutd.edu.sg/
Compare the US to Singapore • Differences • Singapore has 2 yrs of kindergarten • Junior College is a pre-requisite to Universities • Begin University at 19 yrs in Singapore and 17-18 yrs in US • Similarities • 6 yrs Primary school • 2 years of preschool • Standardized testing to graduate • Level O exam in Singapore • State Graduation exams in US
Reforming US • Adopt more years of primary school with specific focuses like Singapore. The students are more prepared for years at University in Singapore. • More culturally aware • Know more than one language • More focused in field of study due to junior college preparation
Population: 28.401 Million ETHNIC GROUPS • • Malay 13.3 m ( 50.8 % ) • • Chinese 6.1 m ( 23.3 % ) • • Indian 1.8 m ( 6.9 % ) • • Other Bumiputera 2.9 m ( 11.1 % ) • • Others 0.3 m ( 1.5 % ) • • Non Malaysian Citizen 1.8 m ( 6.9 % )
Malay languages: Malay Kelantanese Terengganuan Kedahan Sarawakian Bajau Negeri Sembilan Malay Banjar Bruneian Indonesian Other languages and groups: English Burmese Thai Sinhalese Filipinos Pakistani Malaysian Chinese Malaysian Indian East Malaysian Languages: Over 127
Government Funding: • Funds 95% of schools. • In 2006, 5.15% of GDP went towards education • Spent 19.7 B in development and maintenance of schools in 2006.
National Education Philosophy Education in Malaysia is an on-going effort towards further developing the potential of individuals in a holistic and integrated manner, so as to produce individuals who are intellectually, spiritually, emotionally and physically balanced and harmonious, based on a firm belief in and devotion to God. Such an effort is designed to produce Malaysian citizens who are knowledgeable and competent, who possess high moral standards, and who are well responsible and capable of achieving high level of personal well-being as well as being able to contribute to the harmony and betterment of the family, the society and the nation at large.
School Grades: • Primary (6 Years) • Secondary (5 Years) • Post Secondary (1-2 Years) • Tertiary (3 Year Bachelors)
BIOLOGY PHYSICS CHEMISTRY ADDITIONAL MATHS ISLAMIC EDUCATION INFORMATION TECHNOLOGY AL-QURAN & AS- SUNNAH STUDIES SYAR’IAH ISLAMIAH STUDIES TASSAWUR ISLAMIAH APPLIED ARTS BASIC ECONOMICS PRINCIPLES OF ACCOUNT COMMERCE HOME SCIENCE ADDITIONAL SCIENCE INFORMATION TECHNOLOGY LANGUAGE BASIC ECONOMICS PRINCIPLES OF ACCOUNT COMMERCE HOME SCIENCE ENGLISH FOR SCIENCE & TECHNOLOGY IBAN LANGUAGE ( starting from 2007 ) FRENCH JAPANESE GERMANY 22 VOCATIONAL SUBJECT Upper Secondary Electives
DOMESTIC CONSTRUCTION FURNITURE MAKING SIGNAGE SERVICING DOMESTIC ELECTRICAL APPLIANCES DESIGN AND TAILORING CATERING SERVICE LANDSCAPE & NURSERY FOOD CROP CULTIVATION FOOD PROCESSING AQUACULTURE & PETS MULTIMEDIA PRODUCTION COMPUTER GRAPHIC DOMESTIC PLUMBING ARC & GAS WELDING MOTORCYCLE SERVICING GERIATRICS SERVICE WIRING AUTOMOBILE SERVICING AIR CONDITIONING SERVICING FACIAL & HAIR CARE BASIC INTERIOR DECORATION INFANT CARE & EARLY EDUCATION Vocational Subjects:
Primary School 16.5 to 1 Class Size 31 Secondary School 15 to 1 Class Size 30 Teacher Student Ratio:
Differences Most of the schools are government funded, private schools make a small percentage. Instruction is in multiple languages. Focused on a holistic education. Entrance exams required before moving up into higher grade levels. Similarities Some of the electives for Secondary Education. Pre-School is not considered under compulsory education. Higher grade levels seem to become less compulsory. Comparing US and Malaysia
IN SERVICE PROGRAM Special Certificate Program Special Degree Program Short Courses Masters Program for Lecturers Malaysian Trainer Development Program Degree Program for Foreign Language Teachers Smart School Courses Professionalism Development Courses in Malay Language, Science, Mathematics and IC PRE SERVICE PROGRAM Bachelor of Education (B.Ed.) Malaysian Diploma in Teaching (MDT) Post diploma Course in Teaching Postgraduate Diploma in Teaching (PDT) B. Ed. TESL twinning program with local and overseas Universities Excellent Students Overseas Program TEACHER PROFESSIONALISM
RECOMMENDATIONS FOR US • More funding for support programs, in 2006 $1.5 Billion was spent alone on programs like these. • Introducing foreign language at a younger age. • More focus on the Holistic education.