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The Use and Abuse of Psychoactive Drugs. Chapter 9. Addictive Behavior. Habits that have gotten out of control, with a resulting negative effect on a persons health. Characteristics between a habit and an addiction Reinforcement Compulsion or Craving Loss of Control Escalation

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addictive behavior
Addictive Behavior
  • Habits that have gotten out of control, with a resulting negative effect on a persons health.
  • Characteristics between a habit and an addiction
    • Reinforcement
    • Compulsion or Craving
    • Loss of Control
    • Escalation
    • Negative Consequences
development of an addictive behavior
Development of an Addictive Behavior
  • Harmless or even beneficial if done in moderation
  • Characteristics of the additive behavior
  • Common behaviors
  • Addictions with shared characteristics
  • Compulsive or pathological
examples of additive behaviors
Examples of Additive Behaviors
  • Compulsion or Pathological Gambling
  • Sex and Love addiction
  • Compulsive spending or shopping
  • Internet addiction
drug use abuse and dependence
Drug use, Abuse and Dependence
  • The Drug Tradition
    • Drug abuse and Dependence
    • APA - substance = Drug, Substance dependence = addiction
    • Involves
    • Abuse of substance without physically dependent
drug dependence
Drug Dependence
  • Substance dependence

1. Developing tolerance

2. Experiencing withdrawal

3. Taking in larger amounts

4. Expressing a persistent desire to cut down

5. Spending great deal of time obtaining

6. Giving up or reducing important activities

7. Continual usage even with recognition of a problem

8. Diagnosed with at least 3 or more symptoms

9. Experience tolerance or withdrawal without being considered dependent

reasons for drug use
Reasons for Drug Use
  • Who uses drugs?
  • Young people are drawn
  • Experiment
  • Escape
  • Reliance
  • Magnification of residence
  • Why do people use drugs?
  • Risk factors for Dependence
four categories of factors determine how a drug will affect the body
Four Categories of Factors Determine How a Drug Will Affect the Body
  • Brain chemistry
  • Drug factor:
    • Pharmacological properties
    • Dose-Response function
    • Time-action function
    • Drug use history
    • Method of use
  • User Factor
  • Social Factors
psychoactive drugs
Psychoactive Drugs
  • Opiods (narcotics)
    • Natural or synthetic
    • Methods of administration
    • Induce euphoria
    • Symptoms of overdose
psychoactive drugs1
Psychoactive Drugs
  • Central Nervous System Depressants
    • Sedative-hypnotics
    • Effects on the body
    • Types
    • Effects
    • Medical uses
    • From use to abuse
psychoactive drugs2
Psychoactive Drugs
  • Central Nervous System Stimulants
    • Cocaine
      • Methods of use
      • Effects
      • Abuse and Dependence
      • Use during pregnancy
psychoactive drugs3
Psychoactive Drugs
  • Central Nervous System Stimulants
    • Amphetamines
      • Effects
      • From use to abuse
      • Dependence
    • Ritalin
    • Ephedrine
    • Caffeine
psychoactive drugs4
Psychoactive Drugs
  • Marijuana
    • Cannabis Sativa
    • THC
    • Short term effects and uses
    • Long-term effects and uses
    • Dependence
psychoactive drugs5
Psychoactive Drugs
  • Hallucinogens
    • LSD, Mascaline, DMT, MDMA, Ketamine, and PCP
    • Synesthia
    • Altered state of consciousness
    • Flashbacks
psychoactive drugs6
Psychoactive Drugs
  • Inhalants
    • Volatile solvents
    • Nitrates
    • Anesthetics
    • Methods of use
drug use the decades ahead
Drug Use: The Decades Ahead
  • Drug research
  • Drug costs on society
    • financially and human suffering
  • Legalization
  • Drug Testing
signs of drug dependence
Signs of Drug Dependence
  • Withdrawal
  • Rebellious
  • Loss of interest
  • Decline in school performance
  • Change in friends
  • Change in sleep patterns
  • Money issues
professional treatment programs
Professional Treatment Programs
  • Drug substitution
  • Treatment centers
  • Self-help groups and peer counseling
  • Codependency
  • Prevention
role of drugs in your life
Role of Drugs in Your Life
  • Issues to Consider
  • What to do instead of drugs.