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Struggles for Democracy. Journal #52. Why do so many people want democracy? What rights are necessary for a government to be democratic? How do citizens participate in a democracy?.

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journal 52
Journal #52
  • Why do so many people want democracy?
  • What rights are necessary for a government to be democratic?
  • How do citizens participate in a democracy?

Essential Question: What are the challenges of traditional Western democratic values taking hold in other regions of the world?

basic democracy
Basic Democracy
  • Our class is going on a field trip to a restaurant!
  • Rules:
    • We will choose one restaurant.
    • Everyone must agree on which one restaurant to go to.
    • First you will read restaurant reviews and vote on your top two choices.
    • Then, you will have time to discuss and come to a decision as a class.
  • Deliberation
  • Negotiation
  • How and why did students differ in their original opinions?
  • How was deliberation used, and how important was it in the decision?
  • How was negotiation used, and how important was it in the decision?
  • How was a decision finally made?
  • Why did the minority agree to go along with the majority?
  • How do you feel about the process and decision? Was the process fair? Was the decision fair?
  • What are the challenges of working an issue out democratically? The benefits?
democracy defined
Democracy Defined
  • Government by the people
  • Direct democracy is not practical
  • More than a form of government
    • Way of life
    • An ideal goal
    • A process that takes years
    • “A work in progress”
democracy as a goal
Democracy as a goal
  • Can one nation fore another nation to become democratic?
    • No: Democratization is an organic (natural) process
    • Yes: With enough financial and human resources, it might be possible.
making democracy work
Making Democracy Work
  • Common practices
    • Free elections
    • Citizen participation
    • Majority rule, minority rights
    • Constitutional government
your task
Your task
  • For each of these common practices, there are certain conditions that foster these practices.
  • Fill out this information in your charts and then give an example (or non-example) about how the practice is shown in American democracy.
conditions that foster democracy
Conditions that Foster Democracy
  • Free elections
    • Having more than one political party
    • Universal suffrage—all adult citizens can vote
conditions that foster democracy1
Conditions that Foster Democracy
  • Citizen Participation
    • High levels of education and literacy
    • Economic security
    • Freedoms of speech, press, assembly
conditions that foster democracy2
Conditions that Foster Democracy
  • Majority rule, minority rights
    • All citizens equal before the law
    • Shared national identity
    • Protection of such individual rights as freedom of religion
    • Representatives elected by citizens to carry out their will
conditions that foster democracy3
Conditions that Foster Democracy
  • Constitutional Government
    • Clear body of traditions and laws on which government is based
    • Widespread education about how government works
    • National acceptance of majority decisions
    • Shared belief that no one is above the law
democracy project
Democracy Project
  • For each of the countries in Chapter 19, you are going to assess how well it has succeeded at establishing a democracy.
  • You will be “grading” your country according to the criteria of a democracy.
  • How close has each nation come to achieving democracy?
journal 53
Journal #53

Where and when do you think this photograph was taken? (hint: 19-2)

What are some examples of segregation (separation based on race)

in modern history?

apartheid in south africa
Apartheid in South Africa
  • National Party made up of Afrikaners (white Dutch settlers) came into power in 1948
  • Started apartheid, complete separation of the races
  • Whites had complete control of government, land, school, and voting (black Africans could not vote)
  • Opposition from the African National Congress (ANC)
  • Read the handouts “Quick Guide to Apartheid” and “Apartheid in Practice.”
  • Based on American values, what do you find most upsetting? Why?
  • How would you feel living under these restrictions?
  • How did conditions compare to the treatment of African Americans in the US?
end of apartheid
End of Apartheid
  • Nelson Mandela, ANC leader, was put in prison for 27 years
  • F.W. de Klerk became president in 1989
  • Released Mandela, ended apartheid, and gave all South Africans the right to vote
  • 1994: First free elections, Mandela became president
journal 54
Journal #54
  • What was apartheid? No peeking at your notes!
  • What was one apartheid law you remember from yesterday?
journal 55
Journal #55

What big event is this map depicting? How do you know? Hint: Review 19-3!

end of the cold war
End of the Cold War
  • We’re here! The Cold War ends in 1991 with the breakup of the Soviet Union
  • How and why did this happen?
  • Starting with Gorbachev…
mikhail gorbachev
Mikhail Gorbachev
  • Last Soviet leader
gorbachev s reforms
Gorbachev’s Reforms
  • Glastnost (1985): “Openness”
    • Freedom of information and ideas
    • New freedoms of speech, press
    • Release of political prisoners
  • Perestroika (1985): “Economic restructuring”
    • People had more control over farms, factories
    • Allowed to open small businesses
  • More democratic rights, freer elections
in your journals
In your journals
  • As you watch the film clip, write in your journals what consequences you see of Gorbachev’s reforms.
gorbachev s foreign policy
Gorbachev’s Foreign Policy
  • Worked with Reagan to end arms race
  • Parts of the Soviet Union demanded their freedom and broke up
  • Coup against Gorbachev failed
  • Boris Yeltsin elected president of Russia; Soviet Union turned into the Commonwealth of Independent States (CIS)
  • “Shock Therapy”: Shift from Communism to free markets
end of communism in eastern europe
End of Communism in Eastern Europe
  • Poland:
    • Solidarity: Labor union
    • Lech Walesa: Solidarity leader
    • 1989: Walesa democratically elected president
  • Germany
    • 1989: Fall of the Berlin Wall
    • 1990: East and West Germany united
berlin wall viewing questions
Berlin Wall Viewing Questions
  • 1. Why was the Berlin Wall constructed?
  • 2. How did people try to escape?
  • 3. How did the wall “come down”?
journal 56
Journal #56
  • What major events happened in the year 1989? Why was 1989 such a significant year for democracy?
  • Hint: We learned about one major event last class, and today we will learn about another!
terms for today s lesson
Terms for today’s lesson
  • Tiananmen Square: June 4, 1989
    • Student uprising for democracy that led to a government crackdown and massacre
  • Economic freedoms, but no political freedoms: Situation in modern day China
modern day china article
Modern Day China: Article
  • Read and highlight the article.
  • Write two comments in the margins.
  • Ask one thought provoking question at the end of the article.
  • Discuss with a partner.
the tank man
The Tank Man
  • Who was the “Tank Man”? Why is he famous and what does he represent?
  • Describe the “Two Chinas.”
  • How did the college students react to the Tank Man photograph? Why?
  • How does an internet search of Tiananmen Square differ in the US and China? Why?
censorship activity
Censorship Activity
  • Read the article.
  • With a partner, censor the article.
  • Answer the two questions on your handout individually.
journal 57
Journal #57
  • How does Tiananmen Square compare with the fall of the Berlin Wall? What is one similarity and one difference?