Passover / Pesach. Jesus on the road to Emmaus. Jesus on the road to Emmaus. Luke 24v13-27 “And beginning with Moses and all the Prophets he explained to them everything concerning himself”…. Terms clarification. Torah
A primary root; to flow as water (to rain); to lay or throw (to shoot an arrow); point out (as if by aiming the finger), to teach, direct, inform, instruct.
Strong’s Concordance no #H3384
Talmuds – Babylonian and Jerusalem
Oral history of the Jewish people. Written down 400AD, contains common law rulings, cultural norms and interesting stories.
Order of service
The Haggadah Exodus 12v1-42
Child of God, have you come out of Egypt?
Therefore, say to the Israelites: ‘I am the
LORD, and I will bring you out from under the yoke of the Egyptians. I will free you from being slaves to them, and I will redeem you with an outstretched arm and with mighty acts of judgment. I will take you as my own people, and I will be your God.
The people had no choice, they couldn’t worship God as He’d intended or how they wanted, they were subject to Pharaoh, and his desires, just as we were slaves to sin and subject to death.
“To bring out” implies a change of status, a change of camp!
People who need delivering are those who cannot help themselves – they were helpless except for Gods help. So God upstaged the gods of Egypt, taking their belief system apart piece by piece, culminating in the death of their living god, Pharaoh's son. The gods of Egypt are like the gods we create for ourselves – pride, greed and self centeredness
To redeem means to pay a ransom, often to remove a family member from slavery. In this instance it is the blood of the lamb on the lintels which pays the price.
God showed his power over Pharaoh once more when they perished in the sea. God gave the life of Egyptians in exchange for their own.
God took them into the desert to make a covenant with them, and to give them the promised land. Likewise God takes us, to make us a people, holy, set apart for himself (1 Peter 1v15 quoting Lev 11v44-45).We still have a way to travel before we reach the final goal, but the journey, our earthly lives is still a necessity.
1. The lamb is sacrificed from midday until sunset on the 14th day of the first month, Nisan. (also called Aviv) (Lev 23v4)
2. Sacrifice only in the place that is God chooses for a dwelling place, ie Jerusalem. (Deut 16v5)
3. No foreigner may eat it unless he is circumcised. (Ex 12v43)
4. The sacrifice must not have any raising agent in it. (Ex. 34v25)
5. Do not eat it with bread made with a raising agent. (Deut. 16v3)
6. Do not have any raising agent in your possession for 7 days following the Passover. (Deut. 16v4)
7. On the 1st & 7th day hold a sacred assembly, it is a Sabbath. (Deut. 16v8)
The Rabbis taught that one should speak as if they were leaving Egypt , this is said to be included to give every Jewish person a personal part in the drama of the Exodus and to add to his joy…
This was a group of Scribes, Sages and Prophets, who began the process of canonizing the Old Testament, began the process of classifying the Oral Torah, set the Feast of Purim and set specific prayers and times of prayers, all things “ritual”.
To fulfill the commandment not to have any raising agent (Se’or) in your possession. Se’or is a picture of sin and decay.
Traditionally parents hide chametz in the house, the children take a light to look for it, and then burn it.
Mary anointed Jesus before he entered into Jerusalem for the final time. It was Spikenard an expensive ingredient of the anointing perfume described in the Torah, used to anoint Kings and Priests with. The smell lingered for days.
She was declaring Jesus as “Mashiach”, Messiah, the Anointed.
1. What did Jesus eat for Passover?
2. What was the difference between the cups of wine Jesus drank before and after supper?
3. What was the reason he dipped his bread into the bowl?
4. What were the hymns he sang after supper?
The youngest child asks… “Why is this night different from all other nights?”
1. “Why is it that on other nights we eat bread, but on this night we eat Matzah?”
2. “Why do we eat bitter herbs?”
3. “Why do we dip into the bowl twice?”
4.“Why do we recline?”
Afikomen means dessert, but it also means “I have come”or “the coming one”
Three matzah are put in a bag, Jews believe that this could represent Abraham, Isaac & Jacob, we can see that it could be Father, Son and Spirit.
One is taken out and broken, put in a white cloth and hidden in the room , just as Jesus’ sinless body was hidden in the tomb.
Romaine lettuce is pleasant on the leaves but becomes bitter at the stem. In the same way the children of Israel began their stay in Egypt pleasantly, but ended up in bitter slavery…
These are the bitter herbs. They represent the bitterness of suffering.
In a Messianic sense it also represents the betrayal of Jesus by Judas. Can be eaten as a Hillel sandwich. Some people put Charoset in it to remind themselves that God can change bitterness into sweetness…
Represents the crushing backbreaking work of slavery. It is dipped in salt water, to remind us of our tears. It also looks forward to a time when Messiah will come and wipe away every tear…
This replaces the Passover lamb which would have been sacrificed for the festival. This is because there is currently no temple.
It symbolizes God’s outstretched arm of liberation and redemption…
Reminds us that there is no temple to sacrifice the Passover lamb in…
Its oval shape may also represents eternal life as it has no beginning or end…
These are sung at the end of the meal, Ps 113-118, 136
The gospels recall that after eating the Passover, Jesus and the disciples “hymned”.
The Talmud says that the hymns sung at the end of Passover were the Hallel…
Remember that at that time you were separate from Messiah, excluded from the way of life of Israel and estranged to the covenants of the promise, without hope and without God in the world. But now, in Jesus the Messiah, you who once were far away [from the covenants] have been brought near by the blood of Messiah.
1 Corinthians 5v6-8
Your boasting is not good. Don’t you know that a little yeast leavens the whole batch of dough? Get rid of the old yeast, so that you may be a new unleavened batch—as you really are. For Christ, our Passover [lamb], has been sacrificed. Therefore let us keep the Festival, not with the old bread, leavened with malice and wickedness, but with the unleavened bread of sincerity and truth.