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DOI and e-Science. Dr Anne E Trefethen Oxford e-Research Centre A Definition of e-Science. ‘e-Science is about global collaboration in key areas of science, and the next generation of infrastructure that will enable it.’ John Taylor

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doi and e science

DOI and e-Science

Dr Anne E Trefethen

Oxford e-Research Centre

a definition of e science
A Definition of e-Science

‘e-Science is about global collaboration in key areas of science, and the next generation of infrastructure that will enable it.’

John Taylor

Director General of Research Councils

Office of Science and Technology, 2001

mygrid directly supporting the e scientist
myGrid:Directly Supporting the e-Scientist

myGrid slides

courtesy of

Carole Goble


Manchester, EBI, Southampton,Nottingham, Newcastle, Sheffield


Merck KGaA

Epistemics LtdGeneticXchangeNetwork Inference


SUN Microsystems

mygrid project

(courtesy of Carole Goble, Manchester)

myGrid Project
  • Imminent ‘deluge’ of genomics data
  • Highly heterogeneous
  • Highly complex and inter-related
  • Convergence of data and literature archives
an in silico experiment a web of interconnected information and components


Provenance record of workflow runs



Data in and out

Services used

An in silico experiment = a web of interconnected information and components

Provenance of the workflow template. Related workflows.

Ontologies describing workflows

(courtesy of Carole Goble, Manchester)

the ebank project
The eBank Project
  • Building links between e-research data, from the CombeChem project, with scholarly communication and other on-line sources
  • Investigating the role of aggregator services in linking data-sets from Grid enabled projects to open data archives contained in digital repositories through to peer-reviewed articles as resources in portals
  • JISC-funded project led by UKOLN in partnership with the Universities of Southampton and Manchester

(eBank slides courtesy of Liz Lyon and Jeremy Frey)

comb e chem project

(eBank slides courtesy of Liz Lyon and Jeremy Frey)

Comb-e-Chem Project









Grid Middleware

goals of e bank project
Goals of e-Bank Project
  • Provide self archive of results plus the raw and analysed data
  • Links from traditionally published work provides the provenance to the work
  • Disseminate for “Public Review” – raw data provided so that users can check themselves
  • Avoid the “publication bottleneck” but still provide the quality check

(eBank slides courtesy of Liz Lyon and Jeremy Frey)


Crystallographic e-Prints

  • Direct Access to Raw Data from scientific papers

Raw data sets can be very large and these are stored at National Datastore using SRB server

(eBank slides courtesy of Liz Lyon and Jeremy Frey)

e bank some comments
e-Bank: Some Comments
  • Data as well as traditional bibliographic information is made available
  • Can construct high level search on data
    • aggregate data from many e-print systems
  • Build new data services
  • Will extend to provision of real spectra - rather than very reduced summaries - for chemistry publications

(eBank slides courtesy of Liz Lyon and Jeremy Frey)


Virtual Learning Environment


Peer-Reviewed Journal & Conference Papers

Technical Reports


Preprints & Metadata

Institutional Archive

Publisher Holdings

Certified Experimental Results & Analyses

Data, Metadata & Ontologies

Undergraduate Students

Digital Library

Graduate Students







Entire E-Science CycleEncompassing experimentation, analysis, publication, research, learning

(eBank slides courtesy of Liz Lyon)

data publishing
Data Publishing

Databases, notably in biology, are replacing (paper) publications as a medium of communication

    • Built and maintained with a great deal of human effort
    • Often do not contain source experimental data, sometimes just annotation/metadata
    • Borrow extensively from, and refer to, other databases
    • Researchers are now judged by databases as well as (paper) publications
    • Upwards of 1000 (public databases) in genetics
  • Integration of literature and data analysis of increasing importance - linking bio-database to literature, using publishers to check, complete or complement contents of such databases
this is where doi comes in
This is where DOI comes in…
  • DOI use for publications, papers, talks etc
  • Now also for Data
  • Enables reference, citation of the data, data sets
  • Enables ready tracking of use of data (Possibly for RAE!)
  • Need to think carefully about granularity of citation and DOI
doi registration agency for scientific data
DOI Registration Agency for Scientific Data
  • May 2005 – New DOI Registration Agency appointed
  • TIB – The Technische Informationsbibliothek – German’s National Library of Science and Technology.
doi in e bank
DOI in e-Bank
  • Are creating DOI for all data from a crystal structure determination or DOIs for all separate files from each stag of the structure determination
  • DOI points to e-bank web page ie the data set surrounded by the metadata about the peopled and the material etc.

Citation: Coles, S.J., Hursthouse, M.B., Frey, J.G. and Rousay, E. (2004), Southampton, UK, University of Southampton, Crystal Structure Report Archive. (doi:10.1594/

  • eBank/eCrystals uses a full schema to describe the metadata, the datasets, the relationships between the dataset and the separate files – this took many iterations between chemists and the digital library groups to refine its current structure.
  • German climate groups also using DOI and data
some issues
Some issues…
  • Issue of DOI via TIB (in Germany)
  • Cost of DOI
  • Where does it point? Laboratory store? Institutional repository? National repository?
  • Global resolving vs community level?
  • Publication of data and “paper” becoming integrated in the digital scholarly research cycle
  • DOI has a role to play
  • Still a lot to learn regarding optimal use
  • Have implicitly touched on Open Access but as policies begin to apply to data as well as publication research outputs, then the above will be even more so.

With special thanks to Jeremy Frey, Andrew Milsted, Liz Lyon, Carole Goble