1 / 12

Glaucoma - PowerPoint PPT Presentation

  • Uploaded on

Glaucoma . So what is it? By Brian Yearwood , Jane Herndon, Jerri-Lynn Throgmorton , Kelsey McPherson. What is It….

I am the owner, or an agent authorized to act on behalf of the owner, of the copyrighted work described.
Download Presentation

PowerPoint Slideshow about 'Glaucoma' - joanna

An Image/Link below is provided (as is) to download presentation

Download Policy: Content on the Website is provided to you AS IS for your information and personal use and may not be sold / licensed / shared on other websites without getting consent from its author.While downloading, if for some reason you are not able to download a presentation, the publisher may have deleted the file from their server.

- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - E N D - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
Presentation Transcript


So what is it?


Brian Yearwood, Jane Herndon, Jerri-Lynn Throgmorton, Kelsey McPherson

What is it
What is It….

  • Glaucoma is a condition which occurs due to pressure build up inside the eye due to lack of drainage of fluid. It is one of the most common eye conditions in America affecting between 2-3 million people, and is a major cause of blindness.

How it affects vision
How it Affects Vision

  • Glaucoma is a progressive condition which starts at the peripheral vision and slowly works its way to the central vision. If untreated it will eventually overtake the entire vision (blindness).


  • It is not a noticeable condition until there is evident vision loss, hence the name, “Sneak Thief of Sight.”

  • Damage to the optic nerve is gradual and painless to the patient.

  • Symptoms of the patient can include

    • Blurred Vision

    • Sensitivity to light

    • Nausia

Symptoms continued
Symptoms Continued

  • Halos around lights

  • Bulging eyes

  • Cloudy corneas

  • Excessive tearing

  • Complaint of visual field loss in the side

Types of glaucoma
Types of Glaucoma

  • Open Angle – Most common Symptom free at first Affects 1% of all Americans 50 years and older Leading cause of blindness among African Americans

  • Narrow Angle – Where drainage occurs is narrow

Types of glaucoma cont
Types of Glaucoma Cont.

  • Other Types Might Include

  • Congenital – Occurs at birth

  • Low tension – Low Blood pressure

  • Traumatic – Blunt force trauma

  • Pigmentary Dispersion - Genetic

  • Neovascular – Secondary Glaucoma (Diabeties) Blocks the drain trabecular mesh work


Medication-eye drops, beta blockers, carbonic anhydrase inhibitors, alpha-2 agonists

Surgery-Laser trabebuloplasty (increase fluid drainage), Laser iridotomy (hole in iris allows fluid to drain and relive pressure), Filtering surgery (cut hole in wall of eye to allow fluid to drain), Shunt procedure (tubes placed in eye to allow fluid to drain), Cyclodestructive procedures (destroy certain areas of ciliary body, produces fluid)

Tests to determine
Tests to determine

  • Topography-laser that scans optic nerve

  • HfA Humphrey-shows blind spots and vision loss

  • Tonopen-touches cornea to messure pressure

  • Goldmann Visual Field

  • Tonometer-eye pressure, puff of air

Functional implications
Functional Implications

  • Have difficulties seeing black boards and overheads

  • Distance materials

  • Peripheral vision

  • Difficulty reading

  • Issues with contrast and lighting

  • Mobility

Educational accomadations
Educational Accomadations

  • Braille note

  • CCTV

  • Victor Reader Classic

  • Seating that accomadates visual fields

  • Laptop

  • Large print

  • Not high in contrast

Cont accomadations
Cont. Accomadations

  • O & M training

  • Appropriate objects for lighting

  • Other Literacy Media (if needed)