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The history, carbon emissions, explanation and research behind it. Standby {me} Power. We fixed the leak…. Original term for standby power was “leaking electricity”. Term was first introduced as part of a research paper in 1993 at a conference in Europe.

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we fixed the leak
We fixed the leak…
  • Original term for standby power was “leaking electricity”.
  • Term was first introduced as part of a research paper in 1993 at a conference in Europe.
  • After much debate (who knows how long?!) between industry, government and research organizations we agreed on a term….

STANDBY POWER!

Source: http://standby.lbl.gov/index.html

vampires phantoms oh my

Official Definition of Standby Power:

“The power used when an electrical device is at its lowest power mode.”

  • Commonly Accepted Terms are: Phantom loads, vampire power, leaking electricity and standby power.
Vampires & Phantoms… OH MY!

Source: http://standby.lbl.gov/index.html

it s electric
It’s electric!
  • Question: What’s an appliance or an electrical appliance?
  • Answer: Anything that plugs into a wall socket and uses electricity.

Source:http://www.merrillantiques.com/content/images/500x0/Bollicine_floor_Lamp_Carlo_Scarpa_Venini_d1.jpg

i m wasted electricity
I’m wasted…..electricity.
  • Why do appliances use standby power if it accounts for wasted power and money?
  • Answer: For consumer convenience.
  • What does convenience mean?
  • Answer: Allowing consumers to use electric appliances more efficient with respect to the time they spending using the appliance.
  • Ex: Photocopier is on all day so that when you want to use it you can just press a button and go.
mo money mo problems

A current estimate indicates that residential consumers in the U.S. spend over 4 billion dollars on standby power every year.

Based on 2006 statistics, the average consumer wasted 25 to 300 dollars annually on standby power.

Mo’ Money Mo’ Problems

Source: http://eia.doe.gov/

we re related

Power plants burn fossil fuels to create steam. This steam turns turbines and generates electricity. Carbon is then emitted as a byproduct from the burning of fossil fuels.

Between 70% and 85% of the total amount of electricity generated is from the burning of fossil fuels.

We’re related?

Source: http://www.eia.doe.gov/cneaf/electricity/epa/epat1p1.html

let s burn one down
Let’s Burn One Down!
  • In 2006, the emission of carbon dioxide from energy consumption was 2,459,800,000 metric tons.
  • Standby power is responsible for emitting 80 million metric tons of carbon each year.
  • Based on 2007 data released from the Department of Energy (D.O.E.) the national average for the generation of 1 kWh is equal to about 1.34 lbs of carbon.
  • Using the given information, standby power results in 3.2% of carbon emissions, from energy consumption, each year.

Source: http://www.eia.doe.gov/cneaf/electricity/epa/epat5p1.html

what s your shoe size
What’s your shoe size?
  • There are many factors involved with calculating carbon emissions as a result of electricity use, some of these are:
  • Population
  • Energy Sources
  • Power Plant Regulations
  • Regional Location
  • Commonly, the numbers used in the calculation are generalized based on national, regional and state averages of carbon emissions.
  • Typically, the generation of power differs from state to state and even power plant to power plant (renewable vs. nonrenewable electricity).

Source:http://www.eia.doe.gov/oiaf/1605/ee-factors.html#note2

don t stop believing
DON’T STOP BELIEVING
  • “Whole House Measurement of Standby Power Consumption” study was done by the University of California at Berkeley and the Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory.
  • Study was conducted on 10 house-holds in Northern California.
  • 190 Appliances were audited.

Source:http://www.osti.gov/bridge/purl.cover.jsp;jsessionid=58C9384D8B73468A19785753F300C704?purl=/793739-FoRVRe/native/

the final countdown
The final countdown

Source:http://www.osti.gov/bridge/purl.cover.jsp;jsessionid=58C9384D8B73468A19785753F300C704?purl=/793739-FoRVRe/native/

guilty until proven innocent
Guilty Until Proven Innocent
  • The study done in California suggests standby power may range between 6% and 26% of national energy consumption.
  • Another studies indicates standby power consumption ranges from 2% to 5% of consumption in industrialized nations including the U.S.

Why do you think the range of standby power consumption has such a big gap?

Source: http://www.osti.gov/bridge/purl.cover.jsp;jsessionid=58C9384D8B73468A19785753F300C704?purl=/793739-FoRVRe/native/