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Headaches – tips and tricks. Dr Luke Bennetto Consultant Neurologist Frenchay. Disclaimer: These slides are intended to be viewed as part of an oral presentation which adds necessary context. Statements within the slides should not be relied upon outside of this context.
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Headaches – tips and tricks Dr Luke Bennetto Consultant Neurologist Frenchay Disclaimer: These slides are intended to be viewed as part of an oral presentation which adds necessary context. Statements within the slides should not be relied upon outside of this context.
1. Headache is very interesting! • Why do human heads hurt so much?
1. Heads are very good at hurting – they rarely need a good reason. • Secondary headache is rare. Primary headache is very common. • Brain tumour virtually never presents as headache to a secondary care neurology clinic
2. Tension headache is mythological • Tension type headache is even rarer than headache secondary to brain tumour in a neurology clinic
3. Primary headache • Migraine • Tension • Cluster • CPH • SUNCT • Idiopathic stabbing • Hypnic
How to turn tension into migraine • What do you do (or want to do) when you get a headache? • (Not does light bother you)
How to turn tension into migraine • What was the headache like when it first started? • No, think carefully – did it come and go…did you feel sick…did you have to take painkillers regularly to stop the bad headaches
How to turn tension into migraine • Does anyone in the family have bad headaches where they feel sick and have to go to bed?
Mild Migraine/Tension Severe migraine
5. ‘The best treatment for migraine is a bar of chocolate’ • Dietary triggers are over rated. • Prodrome often includes specific food cravings and these may be successful in aborting the migraine, but when they fail we blame the food.
6. Treat early and effectively • Put the fire out early • If infrequent – then take analgesia as soon as you think ‘I’m not having a headache am I’ • Dispersible aspirin 1g • Consider anti-emetic to aid gastric absorption
8. Educate about medication overuse • Avoid painkillers on more than 2 days per week
9. Triptans • No more effective than simple analgesia but work in some patients where simple analgesia ineffective. Preferable to opiates. • Rarely work when there is ‘allodynia’. • Very safe. • Triptan sensations. • Sumatriptan, rizatriptan, zolmitriptan, naratiptan, almotriptan, frovatriptan.
10. Preventatives are more important than analgesia withdrawal • Amitryptiline • Propanolol/Metoprolol • Topiramate • Valproate
12. Modest goals (lower expectation) • In chronic headache aim for 50% reduction in headache in 6 months. • Impatience leads to effective medication being discarded too early
14. Thunderclap headache • All headache is sudden onset • 2 minutes, 1 hour. • Can a primary or secondary headache syndrome be diagnosed? • How often have they had it? • How long does it last?
Trigeminal Autonomic Cephalalgia • Cluster (30-120 minutes) • Paroxysmal Hemicrania (2-30 minutes) • SUNCT/SUNA (10-240 secs)
17. Indomethacin • Powerful NSAID • Switches off Chronic Paroxysmal hemicrania • Suggest trying in patients with refractory side locked headache
18. Giant cell arteritis does not occur under the age of 50 • Never • Ever • Or at least the risk of considering the diagnosis exceeds the benefits.
19. GCA can occur with normal Plasma Viscosity • But almost certainly not with normal PVisc, CRP and platelets.
20. Internet • Exeter headache clinic • OUCH UK