Psychological Disorders. Your Name Here BEH 225 Axia College Instructor, Name Month and Day, 2009. Common Types of Psychological Disorders. Mood Disorder: Disturbed emotional state
Psychological Disorders Your Name Here BEH 225 Axia College Instructor, Name Month and Day, 2009
Common Types of Psychological Disorders • Mood Disorder: Disturbed emotional state • Personality Disorders: Mode of thinking or behaving that causes distress to oneself and conflicts with others. • Sexual Disorders: Impaired abilities, desired unconventional sex situations or items, or confusion or denial of gender.
Common Types of Psychological Disorders continued • Schizophrenic Disorders: Are severe and notable; inappropriate emotions, behavior, and thought processes. • Childhood Disorders: Generally diagnosed in the stages of infancy, childhood, or early adolescence.
Mood Disorders Depression, Mania and Bipolar • Depression: overwhelming sadness, loss of interest in activities and socializing. • Mania: euphoric, active, talkative, easily distracted. • Bipolar: alternating between depression and mania with stints of a normal mood.
Sexual DisordersSexual Dysfunction, Paraphilias, and Gender-Identity Disorders Sexual Dysfunction, Paraphilias, and Gender-Identity Disorders • Sexual Dysfunction: An inability to function effectively during sex such as erectile dysfunction, premature ejaculation, or orgasmic disorder. • Paraphilias: Desire for unconventional sexual situations or objects. This includes things such as fetishism and pedophilia. • Gender-Identity: Denying one’s gender or the desire to become the opposite sex.
Personality DisordersThree prominent “groups” • Group 1: odd or eccentric behavior • Schizoid: cannot or does not desire social relationship and inability for warm feelings toward others • Paranoid: constantly suspicious toward others
Personality Disorders Continued • Group 2: Anxious/fearful behavior • Dependent - inability to do things or think independently • Avoidant - social anxiety and isolation
Personality Disorders Continued • Group 3: dramatic, erratic, emotional behavior • Narcissistic: an exaggerated sense of self-importance • Borderline: instability in self-image, relationships, and mood • Antisocial: little or no sense of responsibility - lie, steal, cheat
Schizophrenic Disorders • Severe conditions - irregular thoughts and communications, inappropriate emotions, and bizarre behavior lasting for years. • Hallucinations and delusions • Forms of schizophrenia include: disorganized schizophrenia, catatonic schizophrenia, paranoid schizophrenia, and undifferentiated schizophrenia.
Childhood Disorders Attention-Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder & Autism • AD/HD: Easily distracted, impulsive, constantly on the move • Autism: May be identified in first few years of life. Failure to form normal attachments to parents, lacking social instinct, and eccentric motor behavior
Causes and TreatmentsChildhood Disorders • AD/HD - • Causes unknown-Biological factors • Treatments- medications • Autism - • Typically, causes are unknown but seem to consist of biological factors. • Treatment may include therapy to help increase and progress certain skills and abilities.
Causes and TreatmentsMood Disorders • Depression: • Biological factors are prominent. Psychological; debatable. Social factors seem to “push” people already predisposed into depression • Treated commonly through medication and/or therapy • Mania and Bipolar Disorder: • Strongly linked to heredity and treated mainly with medication?
Causes and TreatmentsSexual Disorders • Sexual Dysfunction- • Causes range. Physical illness, biological, and inheritance. • Treatments are generally medications. • Paraphilias- • Causes are generally indefinite. Perhaps, formed during development. • Treatment - usually psychotherapy. • Gender-Identity- • Causes are also unknown. Seems to be biological. • Treatments can include therapy or maybe even sexual surgery to change the sex.
Causes and TreatmentsPersonality Disorders • Origins and basis may be: • A biological predisposition . • Contributed to adverse psychological experiences. • Unhealthy or unconventional social environments. • Omnipresent treatments for these forms of disorders - medications and therapy.
Causes and TreatmentsSchizophrenic Disorders • The causes?...Research continues • Biological predisposition may be inherited • Family relationships • lower-class socioeconomic environments • Treatments • Medications • Therapy • Hospitalization
References: American Psychiatric Association (2000). Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of MentalDisorders (4th ed.) Washington DC: American Psychiatric Association Gabbard, G.O., Beck, J.S., Holmes, J. (2005). Oxford Textbook of Psychotherapy (1st ed.) New York: Oxford University Press Morris, C.G., Maisto, A.A. (2002). Psychology: An Introduction (12th ed.). Upper Saddle River, NJ: Prentice Hall.