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Psychological Disorders. Your Name Here BEH 225 Axia College Instructor, Name Month and Day, 2009. Common Types of Psychological Disorders. Mood Disorder: Disturbed emotional state

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Psychological disorders

Psychological Disorders

Your Name Here

BEH 225

Axia College

Instructor, Name

Month and Day, 2009


Common types of psychological disorders
Common Types of Psychological Disorders

  • Mood Disorder: Disturbed emotional state

  • Personality Disorders: Mode of thinking or behaving that causes distress to oneself and conflicts with others.

  • Sexual Disorders: Impaired abilities, desired unconventional sex situations or items, or confusion or denial of gender.


Common types of psychological disorders continued
Common Types of Psychological Disorders continued

  • Schizophrenic Disorders: Are severe and notable; inappropriate emotions, behavior, and thought processes.

  • Childhood Disorders: Generally diagnosed in the stages of infancy, childhood, or early adolescence.


Mood disorders
Mood Disorders

Depression, Mania and Bipolar

  • Depression: overwhelming sadness, loss of interest in activities and socializing.

  • Mania: euphoric, active, talkative, easily distracted.

  • Bipolar: alternating between depression

    and mania with stints of a normal mood.


Sexual disorders sexual dysfunction paraphilias and gender identity disorders
Sexual DisordersSexual Dysfunction, Paraphilias, and Gender-Identity Disorders

Sexual Dysfunction, Paraphilias, and Gender-Identity Disorders

  • Sexual Dysfunction: An inability to function effectively during sex such as erectile dysfunction, premature ejaculation, or orgasmic disorder.

  • Paraphilias: Desire for unconventional sexual situations or objects. This includes things such as fetishism and pedophilia.

  • Gender-Identity: Denying one’s gender or the desire to become the opposite sex.


Personality disorders three prominent groups
Personality DisordersThree prominent “groups”

  • Group 1: odd or eccentric behavior

    • Schizoid: cannot or does not desire social relationship and inability for warm feelings toward others

    • Paranoid: constantly suspicious toward others


Personality disorders continued
Personality Disorders Continued

  • Group 2: Anxious/fearful behavior

    • Dependent - inability to do things or think independently

    • Avoidant - social anxiety and isolation


Personality disorders continued1
Personality Disorders Continued

  • Group 3: dramatic, erratic, emotional behavior

    • Narcissistic: an exaggerated sense of self-importance

    • Borderline: instability in self-image, relationships, and mood

    • Antisocial: little or no sense of responsibility - lie, steal, cheat


Schizophrenic disorders
Schizophrenic Disorders

  • Severe conditions - irregular thoughts and communications, inappropriate emotions, and bizarre behavior lasting for years.

  • Hallucinations and delusions

  • Forms of schizophrenia include: disorganized schizophrenia, catatonic schizophrenia, paranoid schizophrenia, and undifferentiated schizophrenia.


Childhood disorders
Childhood Disorders

Attention-Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder & Autism

  • AD/HD: Easily distracted, impulsive, constantly on the move

  • Autism: May be identified in first few years of life. Failure to form normal attachments to parents, lacking social instinct, and eccentric motor behavior


Causes and treatments childhood disorders
Causes and TreatmentsChildhood Disorders

  • AD/HD -

    • Causes unknown-Biological factors

    • Treatments- medications

  • Autism -

    • Typically, causes are unknown but seem to consist of biological factors.

    • Treatment may include therapy to help increase and progress certain skills and abilities.


Causes and treatments mood disorders
Causes and TreatmentsMood Disorders

  • Depression:

    • Biological factors are prominent. Psychological; debatable. Social factors seem to “push” people already predisposed into depression

    • Treated commonly through medication and/or therapy

  • Mania and Bipolar Disorder:

    • Strongly linked to heredity and treated mainly with medication?


  • Causes and treatments sexual disorders
    Causes and TreatmentsSexual Disorders

    • Sexual Dysfunction-

      • Causes range. Physical illness, biological, and inheritance.

      • Treatments are generally medications.

    • Paraphilias-

      • Causes are generally indefinite. Perhaps, formed during development.

      • Treatment - usually psychotherapy.

    • Gender-Identity-

      • Causes are also unknown. Seems to be biological.

      • Treatments can include therapy or maybe even sexual surgery to change the sex.


    Causes and treatments personality disorders
    Causes and TreatmentsPersonality Disorders

    • Origins and basis may be:

      • A biological predisposition .

      • Contributed to adverse psychological experiences.

      • Unhealthy or unconventional social environments.

    • Omnipresent treatments for these forms of disorders - medications and therapy.


    Causes and treatments schizophrenic disorders
    Causes and TreatmentsSchizophrenic Disorders

    • The causes?...Research continues

      • Biological predisposition may be inherited

      • Family relationships

      • lower-class socioeconomic environments

    • Treatments

      • Medications

      • Therapy

      • Hospitalization


    References
    References:

    American Psychiatric Association (2000). Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of MentalDisorders (4th ed.) Washington DC: American Psychiatric Association

    Gabbard, G.O., Beck, J.S., Holmes, J. (2005). Oxford Textbook of Psychotherapy (1st ed.) New York: Oxford University Press

    Morris, C.G., Maisto, A.A. (2002). Psychology: An Introduction (12th ed.). Upper Saddle River, NJ: Prentice Hall.