Habitats for Plants and Animals by Denise Carroll. What is an environment?. Plants and animals live together in many different environments all around the world. An environment is all the living and nonliving things in a place.
Every animal has a habitat.
The place where an animal or plant lives and grows is called its habitat.
A habitat is where an animal finds the food, water, and shelter it needs to live.
For example, a toucan’s habitat is the rainforest.
You might find frogs, ducks, beavers, turtles, dragonflies, and many kinds of fish in a freshwater habitat.
Sharks, starfish, whales, dolphins, lobster, and coral are some of the animals found in the ocean.
An adaptation is anything about an animal that helps it live or survive in its environment.
Animals are always in danger of being eaten and have developed many ways of protecting themselves from hungry animals.
Animals may find winter shelter in holes in trees or logs, under rocks or leaves, or tunnel underground.
If animals do not adapt to their environment, they die!
Some animals hibernate for part or all of the winter. The animal's body temperature drops, and its heartbeat and breathing slow down. It uses very little energy. In the fall, these animals get ready for winter by eating extra food and storing it as body fat. They use this fat for energy while hibernating. Some also store food like nuts or acorns to eat later in the winter. Bears, skunks, chipmunks, and some bats hibernate.
Insects look for winter shelter in holes in the ground, under the bark of trees, deep inside rotting logs or in any small crack they can find.
Let’s Begin . . .
Some animals do not eat other animals. They survive on plants and are known as “herbivores”.
Some animals, like the kingfisher, eat only other animals. These animals are called “carnivores”.
plant animal animal animal
The beetle eats the plant.The frog eats the beetle.The turtle eats the frog.
The lettuce is eaten by the rabbit. The rabbit is eaten by the fox.
The plant is eaten by the small fish.The small fish is eaten by a larger fish. The larger fish is eaten by the man.
The fly is nibbling on the plant. The fly is eaten by the bird. The bird is eaten by the cat.
Let’s Think . . .
If we suddenly had no Sun, what effect would it have on the food chain?
Let’s Think Again . . .
What would happen if there were no carnivores?
You are now an expert on habitats, animal adaptations, and food chains.