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Differentiation . Objectives. Define the term differentiation. Explore the differences found in students. List ways of differentiating in the classroom. Design differentiated reading tasks. Design differentiated writing tasks. Definition .

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objectives
Objectives
  • Define the term differentiation.
  • Explore the differences found in students.
  • List ways of differentiating in the classroom.
  • Design differentiated reading tasks.
  • Design differentiated writing tasks.
definition
Definition
  • “Differentiation is coping with difference, to ensure learning for all”. (Geoff Petty, 2005)
  • “Differentiation involves adapting the way work is set and assessed in order to meet the needs of a range of abilities within the same class”. (Kyriacou,1998)
matching
Matching
  • Examples of matching to ability:

In Maths 43% well-matched

26% too easy

28% too difficult

In Language 40% well-matched

26% too easy

29% too difficult

(Cohen et.al., 2004)

what sort of differences do students have
What sort of differences do students have?
  • Ability
  • Prior learning
  • Learning speed
  • Missed attendance
  • Social & cultural background
  • Maturity
  • Motivation
  • Learning style
  • Other individual needs
ways of differentiating
Ways of differentiating
  • Time allowances & pacing
  • The amount, type and quality of teacher attention, prompting, support, demand & challenge
  • The type of language that the teacher uses & the level & order of questioning
  • The style of teaching
  • The social arrangements, groupings & working arrangements in the class
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The activity, task type (extension, application, practice), demands, cognitive challenge and expected outcomes, covering similar content at different levels
  • Responsiveness to students’ optimum & preferred styles of learning
  • (Cohen et.al., 2004)
slide8
Differentiation by:
  • Task (same content, different levels)
  • Outcome (same general task but pupils work at their own level)
  • Learning activity (same task at the same level but in a different way)
  • Pace (same content, same level but different rate)
  • Dialogue (teacher discusses work with individual students to tailor the work to their needs)

(Kyriacou, 1998)