Comparative Anatomy Muscles. Note Set 8 Chapter 10. Muscles. Two muscle groups: Somatic muscles Operate head, trunk, limbs Locomotion and orientation Visceral muscles Operate visceral skeleton Digestion and respiratory movements. Cranial Nerves to Muscles.
Note Set 8
Two muscle groups:
Figure 10.1: Facial nerves to muscles
Figure 10.2: Cranial nerves
Figure 10.3: Trunk muscles of vertebrates.
Figure 10.5: Specific epaxial muscles
Figure 10.4: Epaxial and hypaxial mucles
Figure 10.6: Epaxial and hypaxial muscles
Figures 10.7: Myotomes in the head, neck, and thoracic regions of the embryo.
Figure 10.8- Axial muscle origin and innervation in vertebrate embryo.
Figure 10.9: Intrinsic muscles of pectoral girdle and forelimbs of mammals and their homologues in reptiles.
Figure 10.10: Branchiomeric muscles of gnathostomes.
Figure 10.11: Branchiomeric muscles and their innervations.
Figure 10.12: Innervation of eye muscle in embryo.
Figure 10.13: Dorsal view of extrinsic muscles of the left eyeball.
Figure 10.14: Lateral view of extrinsic muscles of eyeball in humans.
Figure 10.15: Human diaphragm.
Figure 10.16: Evolution of mammalian facial muscles. Shows sphincter colli (SC) spreading into platysma (P).
Intrinsic Integumentary Muscles
Figure 10.17: Electric eel.
Figure 10.1- http://www.city.ac.uk/optometry/Biolabs/cranial%20nerves/cranial_nerves_lab.htm
Figure 10.2- http://mywebpages.comcast.net/epollak/PSY255_pix/PSY255_pix.htm
Figure 10.3, 10.8, 10.9, 10.11, 10.12, 10.13, 10.16- Kent, George C. and Robert K. Carr. Comparative Anatomy of the Vertebrates. 9th ed. McGraw-Hill, 2001.
Figure 10.4 & 10.5- http://www.mut.ac.th/~vet/Anat-html/muscle/muscle.html
Figure 10.6, 10.10- http://people.eku.edu/ritchisong/342notes6.htm
Figure 10.7- http://connection.lww.com/products/sadler/imagebank.asp
Figure 10.14- http://www.bmb.leeds.ac.uk/illingworth/motors/myosin.htm
Figure 10.15- http://whyfiles.org/204endurance_training/2.html
Figure 10.17- http://www.aqua.org/animals_electriceel.html