A Gluten Free Lifestyle. By: Lauren Halperin. Objectives :. What is gluten? Where is gluten found? What is the history and origin of gluten? How it can affect people ? Gluten Allergy Celiac Disease Gluten Intolerance Gluten Sensitivity How many sources is gluten found in?
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A Gluten Free Lifestyle By: Lauren Halperin
Objectives: • What is gluten? • Where is gluten found? • What is the history and origin of gluten? • How it can affect people? • Gluten Allergy • Celiac Disease • Gluten Intolerance • Gluten Sensitivity • How many sources is gluten found in? • What do you look for to insure an item of food is Gluten free? • Where can you find gluten free foods? • Are there any nutritional benefits when becoming gluten free? • What are some examples of gluten free foods? • Where can I find gluten free recipes?
What is gluten? • The U.S. Food and Drug Administration have come up with a definition for the term “gluten free.” • According to the definition any food containing wheat, rye, barley and any cross hybrids with wheat should be avoided because they contain gluten. • These are also called prohibited grains. • It is composed of two amino acids, • Gliaden • Glutenin
Where is gluten found? • Gluten is often mistaken as a carbohydrate because it is found in many carbohydrate foods. • Gluten is a protein found in wheat, rye, and barley.
What is the history and origin of gluten? • It is one of the first crops to be cultivated • Takes up more land than any other crop • Grown world wide • 20% of peoples daily calories come from wheat
How it can affect people? • Celiac Disease • Intolerance • Sensitivity • Allergy
Celiac Disease • According to the National Digestive Disease Information Clearinghouse at the Institutes of Health, “Celica’s Disease is an autoimmune intestinal disorder found in individuals who are genetically susceptible. • When a person consumes an item of food containing gluten, the person’s auto immune system will react by attacking their small intestine. • This is not good because it can lead to poor absorption of nutrients in the body. • “As many as three million Americans may be living with celiac disease however 97% go undiagnosed.” - University of Chicago Celiac Disease Center
Symptoms, Diagnosis and Treatment • Symptoms: • Constant abdominal bloating and pain • Diarrhea or constipation • Vomiting • Weight loss • Pale, foul smelling stool • Anemia (iron deficiency) • Fatigue • Dermatitis herpetiformis (skin rash) • Tooth discoloration and loss of enamel • Miscarriage • Unexpected infertility Diagnosis: • A doctor can run a blood test to see if levels of specific antibodies are higher than they should be in people who have celiac disease, who consume wheat. • If the test comes back positive there is a chance the person might be celiac. • The person would then need to go and get a biopsy of small intestine to check for any damage. Treatment: • Gluten free diet • The diet is a life time commitment; however, all the symptoms should go away if you don’t eat gluten.
Allergy • A food allergy is an abnormal response of a person’s immune system to a certain food. When someone ingests the food that is harmful to their body an allergic reaction will take place. • “Gluten Allergy” • This is usually directed towards wheat and not so much the protein gluten in wheat. • Also experts say that there are other things in wheat that could cause an allergic reaction.
Symptoms, Diagnosis and Treatment Symptoms: • Hives • Wheezing • Difficulty breathing • Skin rash Diagnosis: • A person can get a skin or blood test from their doctor and this will determine whether you are allergic or not. Treatment: • Avoid eating the trigger food.
Intolerance and Sensitivity • An intolerance or sensitivity is when a person eats a food and causes a reaction however, does not include the immune system. • People who are sensitive or intolerant to gluten will usually show no damage to the small intestine. • “It is considered to be the most under diagnosed common disease today, potentially affecting 1 in every 133 people in the USA.” • Montana State
Symptoms, Diagnosis and Treatment • Symptoms: • Weight loss • Fatigue • Abdominal swelling • Vomiting • Digestion difficulties • Can lead to: • Osteoporosis • Anemia • Infertility • Respiratory infections • Diagnosis: • See a doctor and have them do tests. Treatment: • Avoid eating gluten
How many sources is gluten found in? • Gluten is found in many different sources such as: • Naturally in wheat, barley, and rye • Processed foods as a thickener, stabilizer, flavor enhancer • Some alcoholic drinks • Some dairy products • Vitamins and medications
What do you look for to insure an item of food is Gluten free? • Look at the label of the product and make sure they do not include any of these grains, durum, einkorn, Kamutkhorason wheat, semolina, spelt/spelta, faro, and emmer all of these contain gluten. • It is most often found in breads, pastas, baking flours, and cereals. • Below is a list of foods that contain gluten unless the package says “gluten free” on the label
Foods and additives you should avoid • Beer • Breads • Cakes • Candies • Cereals • Cookies and crackers • Croutons • French fries • Gravies • Imitation meat or seafood • Matzo • Pasta • Salad dressing • Sauces, including soy sauce • Seasoned rice mixes • Seasoned snacks such as potato chips or tortilla chips • Self-basting poultry • Soups and soup bases • Vegetables in sauce • Always check the label of a product to make sure it does not contain wheat, rye or barley. • Make sure the item of food does not contain additives such as • Food starch • Carmel coloring • Malt vinegar • Hydrolyzed plant or vegetable protein • The all the additives in the list above contain gluten
Things you should look for • When reading a label and not sure if the item contains gluten find out and call the manufacturers. Until a person is sure the product is gluten free avoid eating it. • If an item is gluten free it will say “gluten free” on the label. The label will also say the item is gluten free certified with a seal from the Gluten-Free Certification Organization. The seal indicates the manufacturing company has been inspected and the food contains less than 10 ppm of gluten.
Where can you find gluten free foods? • You can find gluten free foods in your local grocery store. • Many companies are creating a gluten free product for people because there has been a higher demand for it. • When shopping buy food on the perimeter of the grocery store there are more foods to choose from and are better for you.
Are there any nutritional benefits when becoming gluten free? • Taking gluten out of your diet can make you feel better. • You will lose a lot of bloating in your stomach. • You won’t feel tired all the time. • Many people will lose weight when they take gluten out of their diet. • You will also gain a lot of energy to do more activities.
Where can I find gluten free recipes? • http://allrecipes.com/recipes/healthy-recipes/special-diets/gluten-free/ • http://www.foodie.com/search?q=Gluten+&mode=top&gclid=CP-9j-XqvL0CFUgA7Aodr00AWw • http://www.foodnetwork.com/topics/gluten-free-recipes.html
Work Cited: • "GlutenFree.com." GlutenFree.com. Gluten Free.com, 2013. Web. 31 Mar. 2014. <https://www.glutenfree.com/#filters/>.
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