Poetry is concentrated thought which focuses our attention simultaneously on the combination of rhythm and image to express its meaning
Where Were You Yesterday?Prose Yesterday it rained, and I stood out in it hoping by chance that you’d just happen to come outside. But I knew that if you did come out, we’d never be like we were before. Maybe it’s a good thing you didn’t come out. Besides who comes out in the rain anymore just to talk?
Where Were You Yesterday?Poetry Yesterday it rained and I stood out in it hoping by chance that you’d just happen to come outside. But I knew that if you did come out, we’d never be like we were before. Maybe it’s a good thing you didn’t come out. Besides who comes out in the rain anymore just to talk?
No rhyme No pattern/rhythm No line division Can use images Can target emotions Divisions are paragraphs Rhymed/Unrhymed Follows a beat/has rhythm Line division Uses images to focus on a particular idea Targets emotions through use of images Divisions are stanzas Prose Vs. Poetry
Poetry Vocabulary • Enjambment-Continuation of a complete thought/idea from one line to the next • Couplet-Pair of lines that are the same length and usually rhyme • Quatrain-Stanza/poem of four lines
Poetry Vocabulary • Rhyme Scheme-Pattern made by how poem rhymes at the end of a line-letters assigned to lines according to end rhyme • Alliteration-Repetition of the same sounds at the beginning of words in a poem (ex. My mom made my Monday more magnificent.) • Onomatopoeia-Words that imitate sounds (ex. pow, bang, pop)
Poetry Vocabulary • Consonance-Repetition of consonants in a line-not at the beginning (ex. Sue was passing Art class.) • Assonance-Repetition of the same sounds in a line (ex. Saul was filled with awe over Mardi Gras.) • End Rhyme-How poem rhymes at the ends of lines
Rhyme Scheme • Pattern of rhyme in a stanza or poem. You can identify the rhyme scheme in stanzas by looking at the last word in the line and assigning letters to the rhyming words • Example: Like the sun behind the clouds A Like the darkness of the night B Like the grass beneath the trees C You stepped into the light… B
1. I knew I’d have to grow up sometime, ______ That my childhood memories would end, ______ But a spark within me died, ______ When I lost my imaginary friend. ______ 2. As the sun set and the moon came, ______ I looked out the window in dread and shame. ______ The sound of birds rose from the sky, ______ I waved my hand and bid goodbye. ______ Rhyme Scheme Practice
Rhyme Scheme Practice 3. When I look into his eyes, ______ I see the deep blue sea. ______ I hope my love never dies, ______ That he’ll always be there for me. ______ 4. And here ends the saga ______ Of writers who have grown. ______ We’re successful authors, ______ Now we will be unknown. ______
Frost on the window Jet Kite Skyscraper Small child Towering giant hovering above its subjects Fragile plant sprouting from the earth seeking attention A lace curtain made of silver thread Howling monster ripping apart everything in his way Swirly lines of whipped cream Painting Word Pictures
Big/unfocused image Birthday parties are fun. School dances are strange. The holocaust was inhuman. Small/focused image Licking the pink frosting off the ends of the candles Strobe lights flickering over laughing faces as the beat pounds on A mountain of children’s shoes Write Small/Focused
Now, you turn these big images into small images. • His car was a mess. • The food did not look good. • The dog was mean. • Her shoes did not fit.
Image Practice Directions: Read each sentence. Write your response for each question by giving as many descriptions as possible. • How would you describe how you feel when you are angry? • Describe how you feel after winning a game. • Describe the odor of rotting garbage. • Describe the scent left after a rainfall. • Describe the feeling of walking on hot sand on the beach.
Simile PoemPrejudice by Kimberly Harmon Prejudice is like the feeling you get When you’re left out of a game It is like the music of A seashell: hollow and distant It’s when you never reach the front door; Always being turned away at the first step.
Metaphor Line-by-Line PoemThe Highwayman by Alfred Noyes (excerpt) The wind was a torrent of darkness among the gusty trees, The moon was a ghostly galleon tossed upon cloudy seas, The road was a ribbon of moonlight over the purple moor, And the highwayman came riding- Riding-riding- The highwayman came riding, up to the old inn door.
AlliterationCafeteria Chaos The line lingers, My stomach growls. Tina topples her tray, And the whole place howls! Spinach spills! Pass the paper towels! Someone pings a pea, And the fifth grade teacher frowns! What’s likely at lunch? Everyone chomps and chows down!
Jibber, jabber, gabble, babble Cackle, clack, and prate, Twiddle, twaddle, mutter, stutter Utter, splutter, blate… Chatter, patter, tattle, prattle, Chew the rag and crack, Spiel and spout and spit it out, Tell the world and quack… Sniffle, snuffle, drawl and bawl, Snicker, snort, and snap, Bark and buzz and yap and yelp, Chin and chip and chat… Onomatopoeia PoemWhat Some People Do
Onomatopoeia PoemWhat Some People Do (cont’d) Shout and shoot and gargle, gasp, Gab and gag and groan, Hem and haw and work the jaw, Grumble, mumble, moan… Beef and bellyache and bat, Say a mouthful, squawk, That is what some people do When they merely talk.