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Freshmen Poetry
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  1. Freshmen Poetry Literary Devices

  2. Analogy

  3. Makes a comparison between two or More things that are similar in some ways but otherwise unlike.

  4. Hot is to cold as fire is to ice.

  5. Alliteration

  6. The repetition of initial consonant sounds.

  7. Dancing DolphinsBy Paul McCann Those tidal thoroughbreds that tango through the turquoise tide.Their taut tails thrashing they twist in tribute to the titans. They twirl through the trektumbling towards the tide . Throwing themselves towards those theatrical thespians

  8. Allusion

  9. A reference to a well-known person, place, event, literary work, or work of art.

  10. Romeo and Juliet By: William Shakespeare “At lovers’ perjuries/they say Jove laughs”

  11. Assonance

  12. The repetition of vowel sounds followed by different consonants in two or more stressed syllables.

  13. West Beast East Beast Upon an island hard to reach, The East Beast sits upon his beach. Upon the west beach sits the West Beast. Each beach beast thinks he’s the best beast. Which beast is best?…Well, I thought at first That the East was best and the West was worst. Then I looked again from the west to the east And I liked the beast on the east beach least.

  14. Blank Verse

  15. Poetry written in unrhymed iambic pentameter lines.

  16. Excerpt from MacbethbyAn Excerpt from MacbethBy: William Shakespeare Tomorrow, and tomorrow, and tomorrow,Creeps in this petty pace from day to day, To the last syllable of recorded time; And all our yesterdays have lighted fools The way to dusty death. Out, out, brief candle! Life's but a walking shadow, a poor player That struts and frets his hour upon the stage And then is heard no more: it is a tale Told by an idiot, full of sound and fury, Signifying nothing

  17. Connotation

  18. The set of ideas associated with a word in addition to its explicit meaning.

  19. Lake: A vacation spot

  20. Couplet

  21. A pair of rhyming lines, usually of the same length and meter.

  22. “Hush little baby, don't say a word," Hush little baby, don't say a word, Papa's gonna buy you a mockingbird. And if that mockingbird won't sing, Papa's gonna buy you a diamond ring. And if that diamond ring turns to brass, Papa's gonna buy you a looking glass. And if that looking glass gets broke, Papa's gonna buy you a billy goat. And if that billy goat won't pull, Papa's gonna buy you a cart and bull. And if that cart and bull turn over, Papa's gonna buy you a dog named Rover. And if that dog named Rover won't bark, Papa's gonna buy you a horse and cart. And if that horse and cart fall down, You'll still be the sweetest little baby in town!

  23. Denotation

  24. A words dictionary meaning, independent of other associations that the word may have.

  25. Lake: A body of water

  26. Free Verse

  27. Poetry that is not written in a regular rhythmical pattern, or meter. Seeks to capture the rhythms of speech.

  28. Teenagersby: Alexandra Lavern Neusen Surrounded by temptationpersuasion from your peersactions done on impulse the thoughts of distant yearsanger for no reasonand rage for silly thingsfeelings always flowing too many now to seizeyelling in frustrationat those who've done no wrongrestless and relentlessjust some wonderful teenage fun

  29. Hyperbole

  30. A deliberate exaggeration or overstatement.

  31. My heart broke in to a thousand pieces.

  32. Imagery

  33. A descriptive or figurative language used in literature to create word pictures for the reader. Created by details of sight, sound, taste, touch, smell, or movement.

  34. Word Warby: Beverly A. McColley Far into the night I wrestled with words, thrashing adjectives, stabbing adverbs, and piling dead participles.

  35. Irony

  36. A general term for literary techniques that portray differences between appearance and reality, or expectation and result.

  37. Water, water, every where,And all the boards did shrink;Water, water, every where,Nor any drop to drink

  38. Metaphor

  39. A figure of speech in which one thing is spoken of as though it were something else.

  40. Jim is a horse.

  41. Onomatopoeia

  42. The use of words that imitate sounds.

  43. Buzz • Plop • Splash

  44. Personification

  45. A type of figurative language in which a nonhuman subject is given human characteristics.

  46. The wind danced through my hair.

  47. RhymeInternalEndRhyme Scheme

  48. The repetition of sounds at the ends of words. Occurs when the rhyming words appear in the same line. Occurs when the rhyming words come at the end of lines. A regular pattern of rhyming words in a poem.

  49. Once upon a midnight dreary, while I pondered, weak and weary, (Edgar Allan Poe) Swans sing before they die—’twere no bad thing Should certain persons die before they sing (Samuel Taylor Coleridge) Bid me to weep, and I will weep While I have eyes to see; And having none, and yet I will keep A heart to weep for thee. (Robert Herrick)

  50. Symbol