chemistry 17 3 n.
Download
Skip this Video
Loading SlideShow in 5 Seconds..
Chemistry 17.3 PowerPoint Presentation
Download Presentation
Chemistry 17.3

Loading in 2 Seconds...

play fullscreen
1 / 23

Chemistry 17.3 - PowerPoint PPT Presentation


  • 44 Views
  • Uploaded on

Chemistry 17.3. Section 17.3. Heat in Changes of State. Heat in Changes of State. 17.3.

loader
I am the owner, or an agent authorized to act on behalf of the owner, of the copyrighted work described.
capcha
Download Presentation

PowerPoint Slideshow about 'Chemistry 17.3' - jetta


An Image/Link below is provided (as is) to download presentation

Download Policy: Content on the Website is provided to you AS IS for your information and personal use and may not be sold / licensed / shared on other websites without getting consent from its author.While downloading, if for some reason you are not able to download a presentation, the publisher may have deleted the file from their server.


- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - E N D - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
Presentation Transcript
chemistry 17 3
Chemistry 17.3

Section 17.3

Heat in Changes of State

heat in changes of state
Heat in Changes of State

17.3

  • During a race, an athlete can burn a lot of calories that either do work or are released as heat. This section will help you to understand how the evaporation of sweat from your skin helps to rid your body of excess heat.
heats of fusion and solidification

17.3

Heats of Fusion and Solidification
  • Heats of Fusion and Solidification
    • How does the quantity of heat absorbed by a melting solid compare to the quantity of heat released when the liquid solidifies?
heats of fusion and solidification1

17.3

Heats of Fusion and Solidification
  • The molar heat of fusion (∆Hfus) is the heat absorbed by one mole of a solid substance as it melts to a liquid at a constant temperature.
  • The molar heat of solidification (∆Hsolid) is the heat lost when one mole of a liquid solidifies at a constant temperature.
heats of fusion and solidification2

17.3

Heats of Fusion and Solidification
  • The quantity of heat absorbed by a melting solid is exactly the same as the quantity of heat released when the liquid solidifies; that is, ∆Hfus = –∆Hsolid.
heats of vaporization and condensation

17.3

Heats of Vaporization and Condensation
  • Heats of Vaporization and Condensation
    • How does the quantity of heat absorbed by a vaporizing liquid compare to the quantity of heat released when the vapor condenses?
heats of vaporization and condensation1

17.3

Heats of Vaporization and Condensation
  • The amount of heat necessary to vaporize one mole of a given liquid is called its molar heat of vaporization (∆Hvap).
  • The amount of heat released when 1 mol of vapor condenses at the normal boiling point is called its molar heat of condensation (∆Hcond).
heats of vaporization and condensation2

17.3

Heats of Vaporization and Condensation
  • The quantity of heat absorbed by a vaporizing liquid is exactly the same as the quantity of heat released when the vapor condenses; that is, ∆Hvap = –∆Hcond.
heats of vaporization and condensation4
Heats of Vaporization and Condensation
  • Animation 21
  • Observe the phase changes as ice is converted to steam when heat is added.
heats of vaporization and condensation5

17.3

Heats of Vaporization and Condensation
  • Enthalpy changes accompany changes in state.
heat of solution

17.3

Heat of Solution
  • Heat of Solution
    • What thermochemical changes can occur when a solution forms?
heat of solution1

17.3

Heat of Solution
  • During the formation of a solution, heat is either released or absorbed.
  • The enthalpy change caused by dissolution of one mole of substance is the molar heat of solution (∆Hsoln).
heat of solution2

17.3

Heat of Solution
  • When ammonium nitrate crystals and water mix inside the cold pack, heat is absorbed as the crystals dissolve.
  • The pack “feels” like it is getting colder and it is cold to the touch.
17 3 section quiz
17.3 Section Quiz.
  • 1. The molar heat of condensation of a substance is the same, in magnitude, as its molar heat of
    • formation.
    • fusion.
    • solidification.
    • vaporization.
17 3 section quiz1
17.3 Section Quiz
  • 2. The heat of condensation of ethanol (C2H5OH) is 43.5 kJ/mol. As C2H5OH condenses, the temperature of the surroundings
    • stays the same.
    • may increase or decrease.
    • increases.
    • decreases.
17 3 section quiz2
17.3 Section Quiz
  • 3. Calculate the amount of heat absorbed to liquefy 15.0 g of methanol (CH3OH) at its melting point. The molar heat of fusion for methanol is 3.16 kJ/mol.
    • 1.48 kJ
    • 47.4 kJ
    • 1.52  103 kJ
    • 4.75 kJ