war jus ad bellum jus in bello n.
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War: Jus ad bellum & Jus in bello. Invasion of Borders. If soldiers from one country physically invade the borders of another country and murders its citizens, is the invaded country justified in declaring war on the invading country?. Disruption of Supplies and Supply Routes.

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Presentation Transcript
invasion of borders
Invasion of Borders
  • If soldiers from one country physically invade the borders of another country and murders its citizens, is the invaded country justified in declaring war on the invading country?
disruption of supplies and supply routes
Disruption of Supplies and Supply Routes
  • If a country disrupts the flow of water, food, and natural resources of another country by rerouting rivers, blocking transportation routes, and enacting embargos on oil, etc. is the affected country justified in declaring war on the other country in order to get them to restores supplies and supply routes?
cyber invasion
Cyber Invasion
  • If a country mounts a cyberattack on another country, shutting down its computer systems, electrical grids, water purification systems, etc. would the attacked country be justified in declaring war on the attacking country to get the systems restored?
jus ad bellum
Jus ad bellum
  • So far, what seem to be the conditions, principles, and motivations that justify a decision to go to war?
  • Are there other situations in which a declaration of war against another country would be justified?
  • How would a pacifist respond?
war support
War Support
  • If country A invades country B, and country C provides country B with material support (such as aid money, weapons, etc.) is country A justified in declaring war on country C?
war for values
War for Values
  • Is it ever morally justifiable to declare war and use force in order to protect and/or promote values?

End Enslavement

Protection of Innocents.

war to punish evil
War to Punish Evil
  • Is it ever morally justifiable to declare war on a country that has engaged in evil?

Darfur

  • Aisha Duhulowa, 13-year-old girl who had been gang-raped and then sentenced to death by stoning by a Sharia court for fornication in Somalia.
heroes
Heroes?
  • Are soldiers who fight and sacrifice in an unjust war heroic?

Minch’s argument:

Heroism requires morality.

Honor requires morality.

An unjust war is immoral.

Therefore, an unjust war fought by autonomous, rational moral agents means those agents cannot be warriors who are heroic or honorable.

Therefore, only a moral war can be fought by heroes with honor.

jus in bello
Jus in bello
  • All’s fair in love and war?
  • Is it justifiable for a country to engage in a military attack that it knows will result in collateral damage if the attack is necessary to achieving critical military objectives?
  • Who/what “counts?”
military draft
Military Draft
  • Military draft (“conscription”) abolished in 1973.
  • Requirement that all men between the ages of 18-26 register for draft abolished in 1975.
  • In 1980, Soviet Union invaded Afghanistan, President Carter ordered the registration requirement be reinstated.

Should the US every draft anyone into military service?

Is it moral to initiate dangerous military actions using voluntarily enlisted soldiers, knowing that it is primarily low-income minorities who enlist?

draft women
Draft Women?
  • Sex discrimination suit heard by U.S. Supreme Court in 1981.
  • Court sided with the military: the male-only registration and draft was justifiable.
  • Said purpose of draft is to raise combat troops.
  • As women were excluded from combat, there would be no point in registering or drafting them.
  • Women now serve in combat (by 2015 in infantry).
  • Civil Rights Act of 1964 prohibits gender discrimination.
torture
Torture?
  • If we have solid evidence that there is a reasonable chance that torturing a prisoner during wartime will provide information that could save the lives of thousands of civilians, is torture justified?