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暨南國際大學通識講座 來有影去有蹤的古鎖桃花源 顏 鴻 森 Hong-Sen YAN 成功大學講座 機械系教授 / 兼副校長 2013 年 12 月 11 日 PowerPoint Presentation
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暨南國際大學通識講座 來有影去有蹤的古鎖桃花源 顏 鴻 森 Hong-Sen YAN 成功大學講座 機械系教授 / 兼副校長 2013 年 12 月 11 日

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暨南國際大學通識講座 來有影去有蹤的古鎖桃花源 顏 鴻 森 Hong-Sen YAN 成功大學講座 機械系教授 / 兼副校長 2013 年 12 月 11 日 - PowerPoint PPT Presentation

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暨南國際大學通識講座 來有影去有蹤的古鎖桃花源 顏 鴻 森 Hong-Sen YAN 成功大學講座 機械系教授 / 兼副校長 2013 年 12 月 11 日

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  1. 暨南國際大學通識講座來有影去有蹤的古鎖桃花源顏 鴻 森Hong-Sen YAN成功大學講座機械系教授/兼副校長2013年12月11日

  2. Introduction • Locks have been widely used in our daily life in the past thousands of years. • It is still a myth concerning the origin of the earliest lock in history. • Cave dwellers learned to put heavy rocks at cave openings to block wild animals and protect their belongings. • The oldest locks paired with a key were wooden locks. • Ancient Egyptians are deemed to use wooden pin tumbler locks no later than 4,000 years.

  3. Introduction • Ancient Chinese metal locks appeared in the Eastern Zhou Dynasty (770-256 BC). • Metal padlocks with thin & flat springs installed inside became popular in the Han Dynasty (206 BC - 220 AD) • Most currently available ancient locks were made in the Qing Dynasty in 18th -19th century, with few recovered from ancient tombs of the Tang Dynasty (619-907 AD). • Most locks made before the Sung Dynasty (960-1279 AD) are lost.

  4. OUTLINE • Motivation • Story of Collection • Research & Publication • Exhibition & Education • Heritage & Donation • Concluding Remark Presenting author’s internal journey with ancient locks since 1986, including motivation, collection, research, publication, exhibition, education, donation & heritage.

  5. Motivation Major Advisors in USA (1976~1980) *M.S., University of Kentucky (1976.08-1977.12) Prof. Dr. D. C. Tao (陶德昌) Antique European Furniture *Ph.D., Purdue University (1978.01-1980.05) Prof. Dr. Allen S. Hall, Jr. Antique Weighting Scales

  6. Motivation Specifications of Items (1978.05 - 1980.05) 一、Should be a mechanism or machine. 二、Should be related to native culture. 三、Should not be too large. 四、Should not be too expensive. 五、Should not commonly collected.

  7. Collection Stage I(1986.11~1990.09) ~ 50 locks *The 1st lock (1986.11) A vendor stall near Taipei Main Railway Station. ~ 10 US dollars * The 1st puzzle lock (1990.09) 上海友誼商店 100 RMB (外匯券) The Friendship Store of Shanghai. Guangxu (光緒) regime (1875-1908 AD) A broad padlock The key head and hole so oddly shaped as to create a 3D puzzle

  8. Collection • Stage II (1990 ~1999) over 600 locks

  9. Collection • Stage III (1999~2007) up to 700 locks

  10. Collection -Other Items Poem 杜甫:『弟子誰依白茅屋,廬志獨啟青銅鎖』

  11. Collection & Research - Lock Museums (1991~ )

  12. Research & Publication On the Characteristics of Ancient Chinese Locks 1st China-Japan Int’l Conf. on History of Mech. Technology Beijing, China, pp.215-220, 1998.10.12-14. 1998.10 1997.06 Design Considerations of Ancient Chinese Padlocks with Spring Mechanisms Mechanism and Machine Theory, Vol.39, pp.797-810, 2004. (SCI) 1999.06 2003.05

  13. Characteristics of Ancient Chinese Padlocks Types Opening Keyholes Location Shapes Springs Keys Key-heads Shapes Materials Decoration

  14. Research & Education Combination lock Spring locks - puzzles

  15. Research Fish pattern locks 漢代《芝田錄》:『門鑰必以魚,取其不瞑目,守夜之義』 Zhi Tian Lu (Han Dynasty, 206 BC - 220 AD) Door locks must take after the shape of fish, for fish sleeps with eyes open and so it guards the house at night.

  16. Research Ancient & Modern Inventions Ancient Chinese Wooden bolt lock (1368~1644) Ancient Egyptian wooden pin tumbler lock Modern pin-tumbler cylinder lock

  17. Exhibition & Education(since 1999) *1999.10.18~11.13 News Center, NCKU, Tainan *2000.05.22~09.24 National S&T Museum, Kaohsiung *2003.06.27~2004.01.04 National S&T Museum, Kaohsiung *2003.11.07~2009.12 General Library, NCKU, Tainan *2009.12~2014.11 Main Museum, NCKU, Tainan *2012.09.19~12.19 Museum of Asia Arts University of Malaya, Kuala Lumpur *2012.11.08~2012.03/2013.07~ National Science and Technology Museum Kaohsiung

  18. Exhibition&EducationInvited International Seminars • 1995.12.12 Award Luncheon Speaker 4th Applied Mechanisms & Robotics Conf., Cincinnati, USA • 2003.12.01 Keynote Speaker 9th Int’l Conf. on the Theory and Application of Cryptology and Information Security, Taipei, Taiwan • 2004.09.27NSERC Design Engr. Chair Mechanical Engr., McGill University, Montreal, CANADA • 2006.09.09Invited Speaker Mechanical Engr., Cornell University, Ithaca, New York, USA • 2009.06.23Keynote Speaker Int’l Conf. on Reconfigurable Mechanisms & Robots, King’s College, London, UK • 2011.11.11Keynote Speaker Int’l Conf. on Engr. and Tech. Innovation Kenting, Taiwan

  19. Heritage & Donation *1993 dreamed to found a lock museum visitedGermany Keys & Locks Museum *1995 as the site of the museum bought a parcel of land in Tainan *1996 planned to found the museum visited Padlock Museum *1997 to financing the museum founded Ancient Chinese Machines Cultural Foundation *2002 thought of heritage of locks directed National Science & Technology Museum *2003 announced donation of locks directed National Science & Technology Museum

  20. Donation - Substantial development since 2003 collection, preservation, research publication, exhibition, education *2000 requested by a former president National Cheng Kung University *2003 announced donation of locks National Science and Technology Museum *2011.01 yes for the requested by the director-general National Science and Technology Museum *2011.08 recruited an assistant curator for locks National Science and Technology Museum *2012.11 held a special exhibition on locks National Science and Technology Museum *2013 on regular display in a permanent exhibition hall National Science and Technology Museum

  21. Ancient Chinese Padlocks Design Considerations of Ancient ChinesePadlockswith Spring Mechanisms Journal of Mechanism and Machine Theory (SCI) Vol.39, pp.797-810, 2004 2004.09.27, On the Design and Beauty of Ancient Chinese Locks NSERC Design Engineering Chair, McGill University, Montreal, CANADA.

  22. Concluding Remarks • Motivation: MS & PhD advisors’ cultivation • Hobby Item: Engineering logic of problem solving • Collection:Enjoyed & matured from the journey preservationTreasure for future research • Research:Scholar’s nature to find something new A remarkable interdisciplinary topic • Publication: Sharing with others • Exhibition:Sharing with others & promotion • Education:Inspiring students & young scholars • Donation:Substantial development 來有影去有蹤的古鎖桃花源

  23. Concluding Remarks Recluse Taishang (Tang Dynasty, 618-906 AD) “Beneath a pine I occasionally came. Upon a rock pillow I comfortably napped. Reckoning no days in the mountains, I did not know the year after the cold winter.” 唐朝(公元618-906年)太上隱者 『偶來松樹下,高枕石頭眠,山中無曆日,寒盡不知年。』

  24. 暨南國際大學通識講座來有影去有蹤的古鎖桃花源顏 鴻 森Hong-Sen YAN成功大學講座機械系教授/兼副校長2013年12月11日