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Chapter 14: Methods of Organizing Information. College Reading and Study Skills, Ninth Edition by Kathleen T. McWhorter. Mp 3 lesson 11. Objectives:. In this chapter you will learn three different methods of consolidating information from either textbooks or lectures: Outlining

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chapter 14 methods of organizing information

Chapter 14: Methods of Organizing Information

College Reading and Study Skills,

Ninth Edition

by Kathleen T. McWhorter

Mp 3 lesson 11

objectives
Objectives:
  • In this chapter you will learn three different methods of consolidating information from either textbooks or lectures:
    • Outlining
    • Summarizing
    • Mapping
  • LEARNING PRINCIPLE: Consolidation is a process in which information settles, gels, or takes shape.
organizing by outlining
Organizing by Outlining

An outline must

  • Show the relative importance of ideas
  • Show the relationship between ideas
  • Show what is important
  • Show how ideas support or explain one another
when to use outlining
When to Use Outlining
  • When you are using reference books
  • When you are reading difficult material
  • When you are asked to write an evaluation
  • In courses where order or process is important
  • In the natural sciences where classification is important
how to summarize
How to Summarize
  • Define your purpose.
  • Identify the main point.
  • Include key supporting information.
  • Identify key definitions.
  • Evaluate the importance of details.
  • Consider the author’s attitude and approach.
use summaries when
Use Summaries When...
  • Factual, detailed recall is not needed
  • Preparing for essay exams
  • Reading literature
  • Given collateral reading assignments
  • Completing laboratory experiments
  • Giving demonstrations
how to draw maps
How to Draw Maps
  • Identify the overall topic.
  • Identify the major supporting information.
  • Draw a new line branching from an idea already mapped to a new detail.
types of concept maps
Types of Concept Maps
  • Time Lines
  • Process Diagrams
  • Part/Function Diagrams
  • Organizational Charts
  • Comparison-Contrast Charts
how to draw a time line
How to Draw a Time Line
  • Draw a single horizontal line.
  • Mark it off in yearly intervals.
  • Write events next to the appropriate year.
process diagrams
Process Diagrams

Process diagrams visually present

  • the steps in a process
  • the variables related to a process
  • the parts of a process
how to make organizational charts
How to MakeOrganizational Charts
  • Identify the topic.
  • Identify major details and connect them to the topic.
  • Identify minor details and connect them to the major details.
comparison contrast charts
Comparison-Contrast Charts
  • Based on categorization
  • Groups information according to similarities
  • Divides information according to characteristics