Unit 2 Captain Cook. Lesson 6 Captain Cook (1). Step 1 Revision Word spelling Step 2 Discussion (teamwork) Do you know anything about Captain Cook? When and where…? His interest? His schooling? His job? His life? His contribution/ success ?…. Exercises:. evote.
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1.-What will you do after g__________ ?-My parents suggest that I should go to university first.2.It is a d__________ not to be able to keep the balance of nature.3.The villagers will carry out their plan with d___________ that they would cover the desert nearby with green trees.4.With many factories Shenyang is the centre of i_________area in Liaoning Province.5.Jane said she would be w______ to help us with our English in any way she could.
6.Everyone was s______ by the sudden earthquake but nobody was killed with the help of the PLA men.
7.The old man looked very pale, and seemed to have s_________ a great deal.8.The line of waiting people seemed to be e_________ before the ticket window and the Smiths had no choice but to stand in line patiently.
9.“Why m_______ water is good for heath?” little Tom asked his mother.10.In China, many universities have i_________ of education.
British explorer and navigator James Cooksailed around the world twice, made three voyages to the Pacific Ocean, and became the first European to visit Hawaii. Cook sailed to Tahiti, New Zealand, Australia, Vancouver Island, and the Hawaiian Islands, where he was killed in a fight with islanders.
The fight took place on the Sandwich Islands (now Hawaii) when the explorers and the islanders argued over the theft of a boat. Cook landed on the islands in 1778. This painting is by English artist John Webber.
skilled (worker )
defend (himself against)
merchant 1)adj. of business e.g -----a merchant ship
2)n. a businessman e.g :My father is a merchant.
exist vi.To have actual being; be real.实际存在；真实
e.g:Dinosaur(恐龙)no longer exists on the earth.
major 1)adj. more important than others;主要的---major food
2) vi.主修 All of you major in politics
plain 1) adj. ordinary,simple,clear--- a plain fact/a plain girl 2)n.平原；旷野
chart 1)n.海图；水路图 ;图；图表---a weather chart
2)vt. To make a chart of. 绘制…的图表
Defend---vt. Protect—e.g:It’s our duty to defend our country.
Seize-----vt. Catch sth tightly 捉，抓；掠夺
The thief was seized by the police.
Venus---n.another planet of the sun.[罗神]维纳斯, [天]金星
Answer the questions.
1.In which war did Cook play an important part?
2.Why did Cook go on his journey to the Pacific?
(Seven Years War, and the battle of Quebec in Canada)
(To see Venus passing between the earth and the sun, and to look for a new continent in the India/Pacific Ocean )
Read the text once again, and divide the text into several parts, summarizing the main idea for each part.
(Para 1) A brief introduction about Captain Cook.
(para2) The Seven Years War between Britain and France..(the French was defeated )
(para3-6) The expedition to the South Pacific Ocean.(to watch a very unusual Event, the planet Venus passing between the earth and the sun)
1.James cook was a great English scientist.
2.Britain and France were in peace in 1758.
3.Cook went up and down the St Lawrence river in order to find a safe path for the warships .
4.The Endeavourer was a fast, strongly-built merchant ship.
1.In the text the author mainly talks about Captain Cook’s_____.
A. contribution to English navy during the Seven Years War.
B. Sailing to the east of America
C. Expedition to the South Pacific Ocean
D. Both A and C
3.James Cook owed his education to _____.
A. a stranger B.a teacher
C.a landowner D.his parents
4.Cook joined a_____ at the age of 18.
A. merchant ship B. warship
C.fishing ship D.boat
7. Without Cook’s work of marking a path , perhaps English navy would____.
1.The local landowner paid for his ________ .
2.Cook learnt fast and quickly became a_________ seaman.
1.Take/show/have aninterest in…= be/feel/become interested in…(opp:lose interest in)
The lion showed a great interest in the leg of port.
2. take…by surprise使吃惊，出其不意地进行突然袭击。例如：
1) The Japanese planes took the island by surprise on a Sunday morning.
2)Their visit took me by surprise．
1)in surprise 惊奇地。例如：
He looked at me in surprise．他吃惊地看着我。
2)to one's surprise/to the surprise of 使某人惊奇的是。例如：
To my surprise, the door was unlocked．使我吃惊的是，门没有锁。
As well 也,又, 用于肯定句句尾.
e.g He knows English, and he knows French as well.
Too 用于肯定句, 放在句尾, 有时前有逗号.
e.g. I can swim, too.
e.g I also went.
He knows English, and he knows French as well.
=He knows English as well as French.
be in charge of 负责某事(表示状态)
take charge of 负责管理(表示动作 )
E.g:He began to take charge of the department three years ago.He has been in charge of it for three years.
inthe charge of sb./in sb‘s charge由……管
The department has been in his charge for three years.
free of charge 免费
e.g The hotel paid the taxi driver and put the charge on their hotel bill.
How much do you charge for a room?
pass close by 紧靠…经过
e.g Don’t pass close by the fire. It will burn your clothes.
He was a strict but good captain,onewho,unusually,took good care of the sailors…
Meeting my uncle after all these years was an unforgettable moment,_____I will always treasure.
A.that B one C.it D. what
seize v. take hold of suddenly and by force 抓住，夺取，占领警察一把揪住小偷的衣领，把他扔进警车。
The policeman seized the thief by the collar, and threw him into the police car.解放军突然夜袭，占领了那个城市。
The PLA men ____________ in a sudden night attack.exist v. to be; to have life 存在，生存
seized the city
Does life exist on other planets?不要相信他的话，这样的事根本不存在。
Don't believe him. Such a thing doesn't exist.
map v. to make a map of; show on a map绘制……的地图，勘测
Cook was the first to ________________ of Australia.探险家把他们发现的岛屿地图绘制出来。
The explorer __________________ they had discovered.
map the east coast
mapped the island
As soon as the postman passed her the letter, Mary _____________.同义词辨析raise 与rise;raise v.t.是个多义词。主要有： to lift up举起，抬起，增加，提高to produce, or cause to grow饲养，抚养，种植
tore it open
The manager said he would _______________.
He _________________ by himself；his wife died years ago.
rise是不及物动词。作起身讲时是get up和stand up的正式用语。
I used to like seeing _____________.The old man _________________.
raise your pay
raised the children
the sun rise
rose from his seat
The talks between the two sides ended in failure.
be to do sth.指“计划、职责、义务、约定要做某事”，表示将来时态。例如：
There is to be a meeting on Saturday afternoon.
We were to meet at the school gate.
while at sea是while they were at sea的省略。
I'm sorry that I missed seeing you while（I was） in Beijing.
He was doing his homework while（he was）listening to some music.
3..In 1759 the French army was _________ the city of Quebec, which stood high on a rock ______ the St. Lawrence river. Cook went up and _____ the river in order to _____ all the dangerous rocks. Finally he was able to _____ a _____ for the warships to follow. He led the ships _____ the river to a place where the British army could ____ safely and take the enemy ___ surprise. After a short_____ , the French were ________ and the city of Quebec was ______
James Cook was born______________England in 1728. The_____land-owner took______________in him and paid for his ___________.At the age of_____,he joined a ship.Cook learnt fast and quickly became a _____seaman.
In 1759 the French army was ________ the city of Quebec, which stood high on a rock ______ the St.Lawrence river. Cook went ___________ the river in order to______ all the dangerous rocks. Finally he was able to __________ for the warships to follow. He led the ships down the river to a place where the British army could______safely and take the enemy ____________. After a short _______ the French were _________ and the city of Quebec was ______.
in the north of
up and down
mark a path
After the war,Cook married and ________home.In1768 his big chance for a ________expedition came The navy was__________an expedition to the South Pacific Ocean_______the purpose of _________the planet Venus passing between the earth and the sun in 1769.Cook was to be__________ the expedition.He knew sailors often suffered fever and got sick because of the_______________fresh meat,fruit and vegetables.He therefore________the ship______litres of vinegar._____________the normal supplies,he took live animals. They_______________the Pacific in July1768.Cook’s diet of_______food kept most of the sailors healthy.
in charge of
As well as
set out for