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Unit 2 Captain Cook. Lesson 6 Captain Cook (1). Step 1 Revision Word spelling Step 2 Discussion (teamwork) Do you know anything about Captain Cook? When and where…? His interest? His schooling? His job? His life? His contribution/ success ?…. Exercises:. evote.

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Unit 2 Captain Cook


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slide1

Unit 2

Captain Cook

lesson 6 captain cook 1
Lesson 6 Captain Cook (1)
  • Step 1 Revision
  • Word spelling
  • Step 2 Discussion (teamwork)
  • Do you know anything about Captain Cook?
  • When and where…?
  • His interest? His schooling? His job? His life? His contribution/ success ?…
exercises
Exercises:

evote

  • If you d________ yourself to something, you use that time for a particular purpose.
  • If something is e_______ , it seems as if you will never reach the end of it.
  • If you have the d___________ to do something , you have made up your mind to do it.
  • You must save more money until your d______ is paid off.

ndless

etermination

ebt

slide4

1.-What will you do after g__________ ?-My parents suggest that I should go to university first.2.It is a d__________ not to be able to keep the balance of nature.3.The villagers will carry out their plan with d___________ that they would cover the desert nearby with green trees.4.With many factories Shenyang is the centre of i_________area in Liaoning Province.5.Jane said she would be w______ to help us with our English in any way she could.

raduation

isadvantage

etermination

ndustrial

illing

slide5

6.Everyone was s______ by the sudden earthquake but nobody was killed with the help of the PLA men.

7.The old man looked very pale, and seemed to have s_________ a great deal.8.The line of waiting people seemed to be e_________ before the ticket window and the Smiths had no choice but to stand in line patiently.

9.“Why m_______ water is good for heath?” little Tom asked his mother.10.In China, many universities have i_________ of education.

hocked

uffered

ndless

ineral

nstitutions

slide6

British explorer and navigator James Cooksailed around the world twice, made three voyages to the Pacific Ocean, and became the first European to visit Hawaii. Cook sailed to Tahiti, New Zealand, Australia, Vancouver Island, and the Hawaiian Islands, where he was killed in a fight with islanders.

Captain Cook

The fight took place on the Sandwich Islands (now Hawaii) when the explorers and the islanders argued over the theft of a boat. Cook landed on the islands in 1778. This painting is by English artist John Webber.

slide7

plain (food)

major (cities)

slide8

chart

skilled (worker )

biscuit

defend (himself against)

warship

defeat, battle

slide9

planet(s)

bake

onion

slide10

Step 2 New words

merchant 1)adj. of business e.g -----a merchant ship

2)n. a businessman e.g :My father is a merchant.

exist vi.To have actual being; be real.实际存在;真实

e.g:Dinosaur(恐龙)no longer exists on the earth.

major 1)adj. more important than others;主要的---major food

2) vi.主修 All of you major in politics

plain 1) adj. ordinary,simple,clear--- a plain fact/a plain girl 2)n.平原;旷野

slide11

New words

chart 1)n.海图;水路图 ;图;图表---a weather chart

2)vt. To make a chart of. 绘制…的图表

biscuit----n.饼干, 小点心

Defend---vt. Protect—e.g:It’s our duty to defend our country.

Seize-----vt. Catch sth tightly 捉,抓;掠夺

The thief was seized by the police.

Venus---n.another planet of the sun.[罗神]维纳斯, [天]金星

slide12

Step 3 Reading within 2-3 minutes

Answer the questions.

1.In which war did Cook play an important part?

2.Why did Cook go on his journey to the Pacific?

(Seven Years War, and the battle of Quebec in Canada)

(To see Venus passing between the earth and the sun, and to look for a new continent in the India/Pacific Ocean )

slide13

Step 4 Reading again

Read the text once again, and divide the text into several parts, summarizing the main idea for each part.

(Para 1) A brief introduction about Captain Cook.

Part1:

Part2:

Part3:

(para2) The Seven Years War between Britain and France..(the French was defeated )

(para3-6) The expedition to the South Pacific Ocean.(to watch a very unusual Event, the planet Venus passing between the earth and the sun)

slide14

Step 5  T or F questions

(F)

1.James cook was a great English scientist.

2.Britain and France were in peace in 1758.

3.Cook went up and down the St Lawrence river in order to find a safe path for the warships .

4.The Endeavourer was a fast, strongly-built merchant ship.

(F)

(T)

(F)

slide15

1.In the text the author mainly talks about Captain Cook’s_____.

A. contribution to English navy during the Seven Years War.

B. Sailing to the east of America

C. Expedition to the South Pacific Ocean

D. Both A and C

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2.The word “particularly” means_____.

A.especially B.exactly

C.partially D.practically

3.James Cook owed his education to _____.

A. a stranger B.a teacher

C.a landowner D.his parents

4.Cook joined a_____ at the age of 18.

A. merchant ship B. warship

C.fishing ship D.boat

slide17

5. What does the word “exist” mean in the text?

  • Continue to live B.event
  • C. have D. be
  • 6.Paragraph 2 is mainly about______.
  • the Seven Years War between Britain and France
  • Cook’s joining the navy
  • Cook’s contribution to English navy during the war
  • Cook’s fighting in Canada
slide18

7. Without Cook’s work of marking a path , perhaps English navy would____.

  • take great risks in their landing
  • not be on time on the landing
  • be attacked by French Army
  • lose their way
  • 8. A ship used for expedition usually should be____.
  • fast and strong B. fast and small
  • C. fast and spacious D. strong and spacious
slide19

9.The purpose of the expedition was to ____.

  • watch a very unusual event
  • find a new continent
  • fight against Australians
  • both A and B
slide20

10. The fifth paragraph shows us that Captain Cook____

  • cared for his sailors
  • B. knew something about food
  • C. knew something about medicine
  • D. knew something about sailing
slide21

Fill in blanks (高考完型填空的基础训练)

1.The local landowner paid for his ________ .

2.Cook learnt fast and quickly became a_________ seaman.

schooling.

skilled

slide22

Step 6 language points

1.Take/show/have aninterest in…= be/feel/become interested in…(opp:lose interest in)

The lion showed a great interest in the leg of port.

2. take…by surprise使吃惊,出其不意地进行突然袭击。例如:

1) The Japanese planes took the island by surprise on a Sunday morning.

2)Their visit took me by surprise.

slide23

surprise 的其他用法:

1)in surprise 惊奇地。例如:

He looked at me in surprise.他吃惊地看着我。

2)to one's surprise/to the surprise of 使某人惊奇的是。例如:

To my surprise, the door was unlocked.使我吃惊的是,门没有锁。

slide24

as well, too, also的用法

As well 也,又, 用于肯定句句尾.

e.g He knows English, and he knows French as well.

Too 用于肯定句, 放在句尾, 有时前有逗号.

e.g. I can swim, too.

Also 多用于书面语,出现在句中.

e.g I also went.

He knows English, and he knows French as well.

=He knows English as well as French.

slide25

charge的短语:

be in charge of 负责某事(表示状态)

take charge of 负责管理(表示动作 )

E.g:He began to take charge of the department three years ago.He has been in charge of it for three years.

inthe charge of sb./in sb‘s charge由……管

The department has been in his charge for three years.

free of charge 免费

slide26

Charge .n. 费用, 价钱

e.g The hotel paid the taxi driver and put the charge on their hotel bill.

v.索取费用

How much do you charge for a room?

pass close by 紧靠…经过

e.g Don’t pass close by the fire. It will burn your clothes.

不要紧靠火堆走,火会烧着你的衣服的.

slide27

Structure of sentence.

He was a strict but good captain,onewho,unusually,took good care of the sailors…

Meeting my uncle after all these years was an unforgettable moment,_____I will always treasure.

A.that B one C.it D. what

B

slide28

seize v. take hold of suddenly and by force 抓住,夺取,占领警察一把揪住小偷的衣领,把他扔进警车。

The policeman seized the thief by the collar, and threw him into the police car.解放军突然夜袭,占领了那个城市。

The PLA men ____________ in a sudden night attack.exist v. to be; to have life 存在,生存

别的星球上存在生命吗?

seized the city

slide29

Does life exist on other planets?不要相信他的话,这样的事根本不存在。

Don't believe him. Such a thing doesn't exist.

map v. to make a map of; show on a map绘制……的地图,勘测

库克是第一个把澳大利亚东岸地图绘制出来的人。

Cook was the first to ________________ of Australia.探险家把他们发现的岛屿地图绘制出来。

The explorer __________________ they had discovered.

map the east coast

mapped the island

slide30

tear v. to break by pulling apart撕开,撕裂

马莉从邮递员手中一接过信,就把它撕开了。

As soon as the postman passed her the letter, Mary _____________.同义词辨析raise 与rise;raise v.t.是个多义词。主要有: to lift up举起,抬起,增加,提高to produce, or cause to grow饲养,抚养,种植

tore it open

slide31

经理说他要给你长工资。

The manager said he would _______________.

是他一手把孩子们抚养成人的。他妻子几年前就去世了。

He _________________ by himself;his wife died years ago.

rise是不及物动词。作起身讲时是get up和stand up的正式用语。

I used to like seeing _____________.The old man _________________.

raise your pay

raised the children

the sun rise

rose from his seat

slide32

end in

意思是“以……告终,结果……”。例如:

The talks between the two sides ended in failure.

be to do sth.指“计划、职责、义务、约定要做某事”,表示将来时态。例如:

There is to be a meeting on Saturday afternoon.

We were to meet at the school gate.

slide33

Cook knew that sailors often suffered fever while at sea…

库克知道水手们在海上时常常会发烧……

while at sea是while they were at sea的省略。

I'm sorry that I missed seeing you while(I was) in Beijing.

He was doing his homework while(he was)listening to some music.

slide34
Language Focuses
  • Take / show / find an interest in… n.
  • Pay for one’s schooling / education
  • Join a ship / a club / the navy vt.
  • Learn fast
  • Quickly / soon become…
  • Skilled / experienced / trained /advanced adj.
  • Break out vi.
slide35
Take sb. / some place by surprise
  • Be defeated
  • Be seized
  • Go up and down the…
  • Set up home in…
  • With/ for the purpose of …
  • Be in charge of // ( be in the charge of )
  • Load …with…
  • Not only A …but also B…
  • A…, as well as B…
  • He, as well as I, is a League member.
  • Set out/off for…/ leave / start /head for..
  • A total of…
slide36
Mark on a map the location of …:
  • chart vt.
  • Great in size or important :
  • major adj.(n.)
  • Something important that happened :
  • event
  • To live / be / continue living:
  • exist vi.
  • Fight to protect…
slide37
defend vt.
  • A ship for trading/ carrying goods:
  • merchant ship
  • The skills of sailing at sea:
  • seamanship
  • Long:
  • in length
slide38

defending

3..In 1759 the French army was _________ the city of Quebec, which stood high on a rock ______ the St. Lawrence river. Cook went up and _____ the river in order to _____ all the dangerous rocks. Finally he was able to _____ a _____ for the warships to follow. He led the ships _____ the river to a place where the British army could ____ safely and take the enemy ___ surprise. After a short_____ , the French were ________ and the city of Quebec was ______

above

down

chart

mark

path

down

land

by

battle

defeated

seized

slide39

Fill in the blanks.

James Cook was born______________England in 1728. The_____land-owner took______________in him and paid for his ___________.At the age of_____,he joined a ship.Cook learnt fast and quickly became a _____seaman.

In 1759 the French army was ________ the city of Quebec, which stood high on a rock ______ the St.Lawrence river. Cook went ___________ the river in order to______ all the dangerous rocks. Finally he was able to __________ for the warships to follow. He led the ships down the river to a place where the British army could______safely and take the enemy ____________. After a short _______ the French were _________ and the city of Quebec was ______.

in the north of

local

an interest

schooling

18

skilled

defending

above

chart

up and down

mark a path

land

battle,

by surprise

defeated

seized

slide40

After the war,Cook married and ________home.In1768 his big chance for a ________expedition came The navy was__________an expedition to the South Pacific Ocean_______the purpose of _________the planet Venus passing between the earth and the sun in 1769.Cook was to be__________ the expedition.He knew sailors often suffered fever and got sick because of the_______________fresh meat,fruit and vegetables.He therefore________the ship______litres of vinegar._____________the normal supplies,he took live animals. They_______________the Pacific in July1768.Cook’s diet of_______food kept most of the sailors healthy.

set up

major

planning

with

watching

in charge of

lack of

loaded

with

As well as

set out for

proper

slide41

merchant

exist

  • A _________ is a person who buys and sells goods for making money.
  • The sound [v] does _______in Chinese.
  • A _________is a terrible accident such as an earthquake.
  • Two policemen in______clothes came to the village in search of the lost girl.
  • 我们的足球队打败了亚洲的一些主队,这不是一件奇怪的事。

disaster

plain

  • It is not a surprise that our football team defeated some major teams in Asia.