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The Industrial Revolution Spreads

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  1. The Industrial Revolution Spreads

  2. The Industrial Revolution Spreads • Learning Points • Examine how scientific and technological changes and new forms of energy brought about massive social, economic, and cultural change during the Industrial Revolution.

  3. The Industrial Revolution Spreads • As the Industrial Revolution spread in the 1800s: • Other nations took the lead from Britain • Iron gave way to steel • Steam gave way to electricity • Businesses gave way to corporations.

  4. The Industrial Revolution Spreads • Industrial Revolution spread from Britain to Belgium, then to the rest of Europe.

  5. The Industrial Revolution Spreads • Other nations beat Britain because: • They had more and better coal, iron, and other resources. • They simply copied technology whereas Britain had to invent it.


  6. The Industrial Revolution Spreads • Germany, once unified, became the most powerful industrial nation in Europe. • The USA became even more powerful after the Civil War. • By 1900, the US made 30% of the world’s goods

  7. The Industrial Revolution Spreads • Eastern and Southern Europe developed slowly because: • They did not have the proper resources • They did not have extra capital

  8. The Industrial Revolution Spreads • Why did other nations surpass Britain in the Industrial Revolution?

  9. The Industrial Revolution Spreads • Russia had more than enough resources, but an unreformed political system did not allow them to take advantage of them.

  10. The Industrial Revolution Spreads • Japan had none of the resources needed but rapidly industrialized because of a revolution based on becoming a modern nation.

  11. The Industrial Revolution Spreads • Which two nations became the most powerful industrial nations by 1900?

  12. The Industrial Revolution Spreads • As industrialized nations became more powerful, they were able to dominate non-Western nations and used them as a source for resources.

  13. The Industrial Revolution Spreads • In the 1880s businesses began hiring and training professional scientists and inventors to improve their product. • Science + Technology + Industry = Money and Power

  14. The Industrial Revolution Spreads • Bessemer invented steel, a purer form of iron. • Nobel: Dynamite • Faraday: The Electric Motor • Thomas Edison: • Light Bulb • Motion Picture • The X-Ray Machine • The electric chair • The Phonograph

  15. The Industrial Revolution Spreads • Interchangeable parts were developed to mass-produce goods. • Factories added assembly lines to speed up the manufacturing process

  16. The Industrial Revolution Spreads • Steamships • Transcontinental Railroad • Trans-Siberian Railroad • Otto invented the engine; Daimler and Benz made the car • Henry Ford improved the car, making it affordable

  17. The Industrial Revolution Spreads • Name 2 things Thomas Edison invented.

  18. The Industrial Revolution Spreads • American Wright brothers flew the first airplane. • Telegraphs, radios, and, soon, telephones are invented making instant communication with distant empires possible

  19. The Industrial Revolution Spreads • Business owners sold “stocks” or small amounts of their company to get capital. • As their business became more successful, these stocks grew in worth. • A business with stock is called a corporation.

  20. The Industrial Revolution Spreads • Huge corporations moved to buy out and control entire industries (steel, railroad, oil, telegraphs) • When they succeeded they created “monopolies”

  21. The Industrial Revolution Spreads • What is a monopoly?