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Social interaction. Past experiences. Learning. Self reflection. Cluster Learning Theory. Cluster Learning Theory. Jeff Getchell ITDE 8005 10/6/06. Community college ~12,000 enrollment per term 25% of courses available online and growing

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cluster learning theory

Social interaction

Past experiences

Learning

Self reflection

Cluster Learning Theory

Cluster Learning Theory

Jeff Getchell

ITDE 8005

10/6/06

background
Community college ~12,000 enrollment per term

25% of courses available online and growing

No faculty development available on Web-based teaching styles

Community college faculty continue to use teacher-centered approach (French, 2001)

Student-centered approach more effective with students in higher education (Barr & Tagg, 1995)

Looking for a foundation to develop a Web-based faculty development program that will recognize faculty as students

Cluster Learning Theory

Learning

Background
cluster learning theory1

Cluster Learning Theory

Learning

Cluster Learning Theory

Construction of knowledge through a combination of social interactions, past experiences, and self-reflection.

Cluster learning theory

conceptual framework
Adult learning is a product of the adult environment

Prior experiences

Social interactions

Reflection

Adults learn by blending these three elements.

Combining these elements creates a clustering effect which has a synergistic effect on learning.

Cluster Learning Theory

Learning

Conceptual framework

Conceptual framework

theory diagram

Cluster Learning Theory

Social interaction

Learning

Past experiences

Learning

Self reflection

Theory diagram
theoretical basis bruner

Cluster Learning Theory

Learning

Theoretical basis: Bruner

Theoretical basis

  • Constructivism: Bruner
  • Three modes of representing understanding
    • Knowledge comes through individual experiences
    • Need to know about the learner’s prior knowledge
    • Emphasize “discovery learning”
    • Contributes significantly to intellectual development
    • Emphasize problem solving
theoretical basis vygotsky

Cluster Learning Theory

Learning

Theoretical basis:Vygotsky

Theoretical basis

  • Constructivism: Vygotsky
  • Developmental method
  • Knowledge comes from an interpretation of situations
  • Maximize the opportunity for students to engage in activities
  • Create problems that go beyond current knowledge and skills
theoretical basis zimmerman

Cluster Learning Theory

Learning

Theoretical basis: Zimmerman

Theoretical basis

  • Motivation and self-regulation: Zimmerman
  • Allow learners to set goals
  • Allow ample opportunity to monitor and control learning outcomes
  • Students observe personal performance
  • Students compare performance to a standard
  • Students react to any perceived difference
theoretical basis knowles

Cluster Learning Theory

Learning

Theoretical basis: Knowles

Theoretical basis

  • Andragogy: Knowles
  • The need to know
  • Responsible for decisions and direction
  • Life experiences
  • Need for knowledge that is applicable to their environment
  • Ready to learn what they need to know
theory

Cluster Learning Theory

Social interaction

Learning

Past experiences

Learning

Self reflection

Theory

Theory
application

Cluster Learning Theory

Learning

Application

Application

Interaction with peers and instructor

Present content based on past experience

Learning

Self reflection

cd implications

Cluster Learning Theory

Learning

CD implications

Curriculum development implications

  • Curriculum is focused on faculty as adult learners
  • Must clearly state outcomes and how faculty can use the information in their classrooms
  • Must allow ample time for completion of program requirements
  • Electronic portfolios for compiling projects and reflections
id implications

Cluster Learning Theory

Learning

ID implications

Instructional design implications

  • Incorporate methods for determining prior experiences
  • Design multiple methods of interaction throughout all workshops
  • Multiple methods for self-reflection
    • Set up blogs early in each workshop
    • Set up assignments for private reflections sent directly to the facilitator.
theory matrix

Cluster Learning Theory

Learning

Theory Matrix

Theory matrix

(Driscoll, 2005)

resources

Cluster Learning Theory

Learning

Resources

Resources

Barr, R. B., & Tagg, J. (1995). From teaching to learning: A new paradigm for undergraduate education. Change, 27(6), 12-25. Retrieved on 8-19-06 at http://critical.tamucc.edu/~blalock/readings/tch2learn.htm

Bruner, J. (1966). Toward a theory of instruction. Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press.

Driscoll, Marcy P. (2005). Psychology of learning for instruction. (3rd ed.). Needham, MA: Allyn & Bacon.

French, C. L. (2001). Change from an instructor-centered to a learner- centered instructional strategy: A study of faculty at a community college. (Unpublished dissertation, The University of Oklahoma, Oklahoma). ProQuest Direct Dissertation and Theses database (UMI No. 3005140).

Knowles, M. S. (1980). The modern practice of adult education: From pedagogy to andragogy. Englewood Cliffs, NJ: Cambridge Adult Education.