The NEW DEAL. USHC 6.4. 1932 Presidential Election. 1928. 1932. 1936. 1940. Franklin D. Roosevelt (FDR) (D-NY) Thirty-second POTUS 1933-1945. Governor of New York Crippled by polio as an adult. www.whitehouse.gov/about/presidents/warrenharding. FDR’s First Inaugural Address.
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The NEW DEAL USHC 6.4
1932 Presidential Election 1928 1932 1936 1940
Franklin D. Roosevelt (FDR)(D-NY)Thirty-second POTUS1933-1945 Governor of New York Crippled by polio as an adult www.whitehouse.gov/about/presidents/warrenharding
FDR’s First Inaugural Address http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=amNpxQANk0M
The “New Deal” The “3 R’s” R R R ELIEF ECOVERY EFORM
FDR’s “Alphabet Soup” SEC FDIC CCC AAA PWA
Agricultural Adjustment Act THE PROBLEM: Crop prices too low THE SOLUTION: Crop subsidies
National Recovery Administration Authorized the government and business leaders to develop codes of fair competition
“Make Work” Projects CCC PWA
Public Works Administration Construction Projects
Civilian Conservation Corps State and National Parks Table Rock State Park
Tennessee Valley Authority Rural Electrification Public Utilities
The “Second New Deal”1935-1936 National Labor Relations (Wagner) Act Pro-labor Union Legislation National Labor Relations Board (NLRB) • Social Security Act • (SSA) • Old Age Pensions
Criticisms of the New Deal From the Right: Too HOT! From the Left: Too COLD! Sen. Huey P. Long (LA) “Share Our Wealth”
Schechter Poultry Corp. v. U.S.1935 9-0 In favor of the Schechters The NRA violated the Commerce Clause of the U.S. Constitution. UNCONSTITUTIONAL
Commerce Clause INTERSTATE “Horse and Buggy” Constitution
Court-packing Scheme • Independent Judiciary • FDR: • Add a justice for every member (up to six) over 70 years of age
FAIL FDR’s first major legislative defeat More Cartoons: http://www.authentichistory.com/1930-1939/02-newdeal/5-courtpacking/
1936 Presidential Election 1928 1932 1936 1940
FDR and Race Relations New Deal Coalition Included Southern Whites Civil Rights Legislation
FDR and Race Relations BUTNew Deal programs (e.g., CCC) provided unemployed African Americans with work.
The EOC Let’s guess what the EOC makers are going to want to assess.
Unemployment New Deal
GDP New Deal