Nanotechnology Careers Presented by Morton M. Sternheim July, 2013
STEM Careers Currently, there are 14 million people unemployed people in the U.S. and 3 million unfilled STEM jobs -- There is a STEM skills gap! U.S. News & World Report STEM Solutions 2012 Leadership Summit: http://usnewsstemsolutions.com/ June 27-29, 2012
STEM Skills - Mathematical literacy • Ability to apply STEM knowledge to real-world situations • There are many technician-level jobs • Need many STEM-skilled people for sophisticated jobs in manufacturing • Typically, students are not aware of the types of jobs a STEM education can lead to Science DOI: 10.1126/science.caredit.a1200076 Michael Price July 6, 2012
STEM Employment • STEM employment grew over 3 x faster than the total workforce between 1950 and 2007 (NSF, 2010) • STEM employment is expected to continue to grow faster in the next decade than the overall workforce (U.S. Department of Labor, 2009) • Growth in STEM degrees has not kept pace with the overall demand, and the gap has been filled by foreign-born scientists and engineers
STEM Employment, cont. • The U.S. is expected to face a serious shortage of skilled workers in STEM fields over the next twenty years (NAS, 2007; ACT, 2006). • Depending on one’s definition, 60 to 80% of the 30 fastest growing occupations are STEM or IT related. (U.S. Department of Labor, 2010)
Educating a Nanotech Workforce National Nanotechnology Initiative "Small Wonders" (2001) A need for 2 million nanotechnology workers worldwide by 2015. Lux Research report “Hiring Nanotech Talent” (2007) Nanotech teams are poised to grow 74% by 2008. 60% of companies surveyed feel a shortage of nanotech talent. Scientists on development teams will shrink to 40%, as engineering grows to 25% and sales and marketing to 22% of future hires.
Caveat • The forecasts have limitations. The Labor Department's macroeconomic model works on two noteworthy assumptions—that the economy will rebound to long-term growth and that there won't be any more big shocks like the 2007-2008 recession. Thus its forecasts don't predict the big job-market swings or sudden changes in the supply of workers that can easily happen in a volatile economy.
Caveat, cont. • That means you could pick a job from the Labor Department's "fastest-growing" list when you enter college, only to find the field in a slump by the time you graduate. For example, a 2006 high-school graduate eyeing the government's 2004-2014 forecast for nursing at that time would have read about excellent job prospects, with "thousands of job openings" predicted because experienced nurses were expected to retire. • Wall Street Journal, 2010
Nanotechnology is an example ofInterdisciplinary Collaboration at workPeople from diverse fields working together -- more rapidly solving important problems in our society • Physics • Chemistry • Biology • Materials Science • Polymer Science • Electrical Engineering • Chemical Engineering • Mechanical Engineering • Medicine • And others
References • NSF, 2010. Science and Engineering Indicators 2010, http://www.nsf.gov/statistics/seind10 • US Department of Labor, 2009. Occupational employment projections to 2018. http://www.bls.gov/opub/mlr/2009/11/art5full.pdf • NAS, 2007. Rising Above the Gathering Storm: Energizing and Employing America for a Brighter Economic Future. Washington, D.C., The National Academies Press.
References, cont. • ACT, 2006. Developing the STEM Education Pipeline. Washington, D.C., ACT • U.S. Department of Labor, 2010.Employment Projections Program. http://www.bls.gov/emp/ep_table_103.htm • Wall Street Journal, May 25, 2010 • http://online.wsj.com/article/SB10001424052748704026204575266342935418962.html
What are nano careers and fields that might appeal to your students? • Subject Groups discuss career ideas • List 5-10 ideas • ~ 5 minutes • Report on Moodle