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slide1
State Level Seminar On“Recent Trends In Sensors and Advanced Materials” (RTSAM-2010)Dated:27- 28 January-2010

-ORGANIZED BY-

Department of Electronic Science,

M.S.G. Arts, Science & Commerce College,

Malegaon Camp, Malegaon

Dist:-Nashik (M.S.) Pin: 423 105

nanotechnology an overview
Nanotechnology : An Overview

Ansari Faheem, Sajid Naeem,

M. Rizwan, Z. B. Pathan

Dept. of Electronic Science ,

AKI’s Poona College of Arts, Science & Commerce

Camp, Pune- 411001

RTSAM 27-28 Jan, 2010 Malegaon

an overview of presentation

An Overview of Presentation

  • Heavy Industries
  • Medical & Health care
  • Military & Defence
  • Nanoelectronics
  • Energy
  • Automobile
  • Semicondcutor & Optoelectronics
  • Consumer Goods
  • Biochips & Biosensing
  • Mobile
  • Microscopy

Introduction to Nanotechnology

Technology Comparison : size, evolution

Features

Potent Application Areas

RTSAM 27-28 Jan, 2010 Malegaon

introduction to nanotechnology
Introduction toNanotechnology

RTSAM 27-28 Jan, 2010 Malegaon

origin of nanotechnology
OriginofNanotechnology
  • “The birth of nanotechnology is popularly taken to be 1989, when IBM Fellow Don Eigler used a scanning tunneling microscope to create the company’s logo out of xenon atoms.”
  • By working with xenon and nickel at very low temperatures, an IBM scientist was the first to use a tiny needle to position individual atomson a surface.

RTSAM 27-28 Jan, 2010 Malegaon

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Nanotechnology will be an integral part of next-generation technology .

  • It deals with fabrication, study and tailoring the device dimensions at atomic and molecular level.
  • Nano a Greek word that means Dwarf.
  • A nanometer is one billionth of a meter

i.e . 1nm = 10 -9 m

  • Generally the device dimensions are shrinked down to 100 nanometers or even lesser.
  • Richard Feynman Quoted “There’s a plenty of room at the bottom”.

RTSAM 27-28 Jan, 2010 Malegaon

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Nanotechnology

Nano-Robots

Semiconductor

Technology

Molecular Electronics

“Wearable” Wireless

Internet Appliances

Vacuum Tube

Technology

Cell

Phones

The Internet

Performance

Computers

Television

Transistor

Radio

Radar

Radio

1900

1950

2000

2050

Time

Evolution of Technologies

RTSAM 27-28 Jan, 2010 Malegaon

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A Comprison

between

Technologies

RTSAM 27-28 Jan, 2010 Malegaon

slide9

Human Hair

75 µm

Plant and Animal Cells

Most Bacteria

Lysozyme

0.18µm

Transistor

Virus

Nanotechnology

Proteins

Carbon

Nano-tubes

Atoms

Nanotechnology: Size and Scale

100µm

10µm

1µm

Feature Size

100nm

10nm

1nm

0.1nm

exquisite features of nanotechnology
Exquisite Features of Nanotechnology

RTSAM 27-28 Jan, 2010 Malegaon

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Reduced Dimension

  • Increased surface to volume ratio
  • Enhanced Functionality
  • Improved Stability
  • Enriched Efficiency
  • Better compact, ruggednessand protability
  • Light weight

RTSAM 27-28 Jan, 2010 Malegaon

application thrust areas
Application Thrust Areas

RTSAM 27-28 Jan, 2010 Malegaon

slide13

Flexible PCB

Different types Nano sensors

Chip

  • Novel semiconductor and optoelectronic devices

RTSAM 27-28 Jan, 2010 Malegaon

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Quantum Dots

  • Quantum Computers

Quantum Dots

  • Displays

OLED

RTSAM 27-28 Jan, 2010 Malegaon

slide15

ConsumerGoods : Foods, Textiles , Cosmetics

Nano fiber optics

nanoStrawberry

Thermal Nanobrasive

RTSAM 27-28 Jan, 2010 Malegaon

slide16

BioChip:

Smaller than a Postage Stamp

Sealed Channels and Wells (volume of 1 to 10 nL/well)

Electrodes for Detection

Connecting pads

Fluidic I/O ports

10 mm

  • Biochip&Biosensing(Helps to detect cancer at the early stage, DNA chips, protein chips)

RTSAM 27-28 Jan, 2010 Malegaon

slide18

Communication: Morph mobile from Nokia

RTSAM 27-28 Jan, 2010 Malegaon

slide19

Microscopy:nanoMRI with resolution > 100 million times than traditional one

NanoMRI from IBM

RTSAM 27-28 Jan, 2010 Malegaon

slide20

HeavyIndustry

  • Aerospace
  • Refineries
  • Vehicle manufactures

RTSAM 27-28 Jan, 2010 Malegaon

slide21

MedicalandHealthcare

  • Diagnostics, Drug Delivery, Cancer Detection
  • Tissue Engineering

RTSAM 27-28 Jan, 2010 Malegaon

slide22

Military&DefenceNanoweapons, Protective Jackets, Nano Sensors and wireless cameras, etc

1.7 billion on ground-based robots

RTSAM 27-28 Jan, 2010 Malegaon

slide23

Nano Electronics(Single Electron Transistor)

RTSAM 27-28 Jan, 2010 Malegaon

slide24

Energy : Solar cell ( Absorbs entire spectrum of light i.e. UV, Visible & IR with virtually100% light)

Picture of a solar cell, which utilizes nanorods to convert light into electricity

Diagram of a nano solar cell

RTSAM 27-28 Jan, 2010 Malegaon

slide25

Potential Nano application to cars

  • Automobiles:

RTSAM 27-28 Jan, 2010 Malegaon

slide26

Nanotechnology & Future Extension :

Pushing the boundaries further….

Nano Satellite

Nano Robot

RTSAM 27-28 Jan, 2010 Malegaon