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This is the role of every adult.

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  1. Unit 10: Working Towards P3: Understand the risks to Children and Young People of abusive and exploitative behaviour. This is the role of every adult.

  2. Factors that may lead to suspicions of abuse or maltreatment. Learning outcome(s): By the end of the session, all learners will be able to: Give an explanation of what child abuse or maltreatment means; Identify the different types of child abuse that exist in our society; as well as at least five signs and symptoms of each. Some of you should be able to: Apply knowledge and understanding of the different forms of abuse to a range of given scenarios. Some of you could: Could construct a pen portrait/ case study using information provided.

  3. What is your understanding of Child Abuse? Complete the word search/ Gap filling exercise on your table which introduces you to the content of this session.

  4. Peer Assessment • Swap papers and mark the assessment using the criterion sheet that has been given.

  5. Discussion • In the last few weeks, the media has been filled with stories in regards to the late DJ Jimmy Saville, but there have also been other notable cases too. Drama teachers sacked over sex abuse play which made audience vomit Two drama teachers were sacked for letting GCSE students perform in a play involving depictions of rape and child abuse. Dad James Horton avoids jail for battering baby

  6. Is this abuse? • Leaving a child alone for long periods • smacking • Not giving a child enough food or giving them too much food • Shouting at a young person a lot • Not changing a baby’s nappy frequently • Not keeping a child clean • Criticising a young person a lot • ▶▶Compare your responses with others in the group.

  7. Types of Abuse • List the different types of abuse you are aware of (hint….looking for six)

  8. Signs and Symptoms • Signs are things that can be seen, heard or felt by touch. • Symptoms are signs that generally cannot be seen, heard or felt. They are more to do with feelings, such as someone’s body language or facial expression

  9. Independent Research • Using the resources available to you… books, internet, leaflets and so on. You are to: • Define each of the different types of abuse; • Give at least five signs and symptoms of the stated type of abuse.

  10. What type of abuse isbeing demonstrated here? Ryan, aged 4 years, comes to nursery every day dressed in inappropriate clothing, smelling of urine and is constantly hungry. (neglect)

  11. What type(s) of abuse is being demonstrated here? Vicky, aged 14 years, has been forced by her stepfather to view internet pornography. He shouts and swears at her and threatens to lock her in her room if she does not comply with his demands.(Sexual abuse) . (neglect)

  12. What type of abuse isbeing demonstrated here? Evie, aged 8 months, has been shaken violently by her teenage mother, Stacey, because she would not stop crying. Stacey frequently leaves Evie to cry alone in her cot for hours at a time. (Physical) (neglect)

  13. What type of abuse isbeing demonstrated here? Ali is 12 years old and enjoys using his computer and mobile phone to communicate with his friends. He has a computer in his bedroom and often uses it to investigate different internet sites. One of his friends from school has sent a text message to Ali with a link to a pornographic website and a message saying, ‘We dare you to look at this when your mum and dad are not around.’ Ali is worried that if he doesn’t look at this website he will be excluded from his friendship group at school (Bullying.

  14. What type(s) of abuse isbeing demonstrated here? Mandisa is a 13-year-old girl whose parents died three years ago. She lives with her aunt and has two brothers aged 15 and 10 and one 6-year-old sister. One day, after being left alone with her younger siblings all day, her aunt came back to find that the food she had left for dinner had been eaten. The aunt is so angry that she dips Mandisa’s right hand in boiling water, she frequently blames her for everything that has gone wrong in her life and shout at her. (Physical/ emotional)

  15. What type of abuse are being demonstrated here? Rashida is 7 years old and really struggles wither reading and writing skills. Rashida is asked to read a short paragraph, but it takes her so long, the teacher snaps at her and makes her feel like she is stupid. (Intellectual) . (neglect)

  16. Plenary • Complete the exercise below: • Name two pieces of legislation which help to safeguard children. • What is the term for abuse through text messaging or emails? • Which major charity plays a leading role in the safeguarding of children? • What is the difference between a sign and a symptom? • Identify three types of abuse? • Fit the following words under one of the headings provided. They may come under more than one. • Which service user group are most at risk from abuse? Give reasons for your answer? • Failure of a care giver to provide for a child’s needs such as adequate clothing and food is an example of…. • Foul language, unwanted sexual advances, kissing and inappropriate touching are examples of…. • Bullying, embarrassing or threatening someone are examples of…

  17. Extension Activity • Create one pen portrait or case study * of a given child with whom you have suspicions of potential maltreatment or abuse. You must identify key features which may be seen as potential evidence of abuse or maltreatment and state “how” and “why” these features can be seen as an indicator of suspected abuse or maltreatment. • * informal description of a person or a group of people focusing on specific key aspects of a person or a group such as facial features or behaviour. Pen portrait are used in health and social care settings to get a basic idea of key behaviours which could suggest abuse or neglect of a child or young person.