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Reference Books

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  1. Reference Books Reference books are those which are consulted for a specific fact or for information on a definite subject.

  2. Encyclopedia • Contain basic information about a subject • Contain many volumes • Arranged alphabetically • Indexes and Guide Words • Kept up-to-date by new editions or yearbooks

  3. Encyclopedia Examples • Encyclopedia Britannica • The New International Encyclopedia • Encyclopedia Americana • World Book Encyclopedia • Compton’s Pictured Encyclopedia • Lincoln Library • Our Wonderful World

  4. A Set of Encyclopedias • A set may contain any number of volumes. • What kind of encyclopedia is in the library?

  5. Find the Following Letters • Z • F • B • L • X • D • W • A • S • H • R • O • G • Y • M

  6. Vol 1 Vol 10 Vol 9 Vol 8 Vol 7 Vol 5 Vol 6 Vol 3 Vol 2 Vol 4 T-V Rb-S D-F P-Ra Jb-K W-Z L-Me G-Ja A-C Mf-0 • In which volume would you find Justin Timberlake? • In which volume would you find information about the United Nations? • In which volume would you find information about Ethiopia?

  7. Using an Index • What is an index? • The most reliable method of finding information in most reference books. • It lists every subject covered in the encyclopedia (in alphabetical order)

  8. Using an Index, Example 1 Related Articles Volume Number Main Topic Page Number AMERICAN LITERATURE1-102 Colonial Literature 1-102 Midcentury Writers 1-107 Realism 12-1632 20th-century Fiction 5-756 AMERICAN MEDICAL ASSOCIATION10-1491 13-1801 AMPHIBIAN1-1115 Body Temperature 5-632 Frog 7-1018 Lung 11-1512 Reptile 15-2136 Skeleton 1-144 Teeth 17-2512 Toad 18-2565

  9. Using an Index, Example 1 AMERICAN LITERATURE1-102 Colonial Literature 1-102 Midcentury Writers 1-107 Realism 12-1632 20th-century Fiction 5-756 AMERICAN MEDICAL ASSOCIATION10-1491 13-1801 AMPHIBIAN1-1115 Body Temperature 5-632 Frog 7-1018 Lung 11-1512 Reptile 15-2136 Skeleton 1-144 Teeth 17-2512 Toad 18-2565

  10. Using an Index, Example 2 ‘Rock’ & ‘Rock and Roll’ are musical (mus.) terms Entry Word Volume Number Page Number rock, or rock and roll (mus.) see Music 11:915:2a development of jazz-based: 6:612:3b popular music: 8:161:2a 20:486:2a 15:1121:1b influence on country music: 3:273:1a influence of the blues on: 2:302:3a famous vocalists: 14:114:3a see also rock stars use of rhythm instruments: 24:541:1a stringed instruments: 24:541:1a synthesizers: 3:43:2b Column Number The main entry for ‘Rock’ is listed under ‘Music’ Cross-References (where to look for more information) An encyclopedia index entry for ‘Rock’ might look something like this.

  11. Using an Index, Example 2 rock, or rock and roll (mus.) see Music 11:915:2a development of jazz-based: 6:612:3b popular music: 8:161:2a 20:486:2a 15:1121:1b influence on country music: 3:273:1a influence of the blues on: 2:302:3a famous vocalists: 14:114:3a see also rock stars use of rhythm instruments: 24:541:1a stringed instruments: 24:541:1a synthesizers: 3:43:2b

  12. Cross References • World Book Encyclopedia- ‘Snowstorm’ • You wouldn’t find anything, it would direct you to look under ‘Blizzard’ • ‘See’ • ‘See Also’

  13. Key Words • How do you know where you should look to find information? • Determine specifically what your subject is. • For what is Liberty Island of Upper New York known? • When was the popular American poet Robert Frost born?

  14. Using Guide Words • The words located at the top of the pages of an encyclopedia • Guide Words tell you the first and last entries on a page so you can determine if your subject is on the page.

  15. Using Guide Words rhyme Rivera, Diego

  16. More Encyclopedia Hints • Looks people up under their last names. • Most other subjects should be looked up by their first words • Spell abbreviations out • Books are located by the first words of their titles • Don’t look up royal persons by their titles.

  17. Would you use an encyclopedia to look up information on the Jonas Brothers? Why or why not?

  18. Relevancy • How are encyclopedias kept up-to-date • New editions • Very expensive to buy a new edition every year • Yearbooks • An additional volume; contains updated information about topics that have been updated.

  19. Encyclopedia Activities