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Recent development of tomato in Asia. TBRT 6-8Feb2013, Chiangmai Narendra Singh. Asia – A diverse and geographically dispersed region. Tropical & subtropical (H&H and H&D) India, ASEAN, South China, Australia Temperate (Cool to cold )

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Recent development of tomato in asia
Recent development of tomato in Asia

TBRT 6-8Feb2013, Chiangmai

Narendra Singh


Asia a diverse and geographically dispersed region
Asia – A diverse and geographically dispersed region

  • Tropical & subtropical (H&H and H&D)

    • India, ASEAN,

    • South China, Australia

  • Temperate (Cool to cold )

    • North China, Korea,

    • Japan, Aust., NZ, Nth India

  • Wet (> 2,000 mm) to Dry (< 5mm)

  • Many languages & food habits & cultures

  • Rich to poor

    • GDP per capita from €0.5 k to € 27 k

5,000 km


Vegetables in Asia

  • Asia Fast growing Veg. mkt: 1.1 bn€ in 2011 to 1.5 bn€ by 2015

  • Growth in JP/KR/AUS/NZ/TN is stable

  • ~ 5-25% growth in other market

  • SA&SEA total veg market is ~300 mn€ growing to 511 mn€ by 2015

  • Market growth is ~ 20-45% in 5 years depends on countries

    • Value addition by new traits

    • OP to F1 conversion


Sa sea vs rest asia

Tomatoes in Asia

SA&SEA vs Rest Asia

  • Originated in Peruvian & Mexican region

  • Introduced to Philippines by Spanish & spread thru SA

  • Domesticated in Asia and now is the biggest producer in the world

  • Tomato rank no.1 with approx 14% of total Asia veg. market

    • China stands no. 1 followed by JP,SA,KR, AU/NZ & ASEAN

  • Ranks no.2 in SA&SEA after Onion with ~ 9-10% of total veg mkt.

The tomato was introduced to cultivation in the Middle East/Asia by John Barker, British consul in Aleppo circa 1799 to 1825.[5][6]



Types of Tomato Developed &grown in Asia

  • A . Indeterminate : ( contribute 71% of total tomato mkt)

    • Pink >200g : JP,CN, KR,TW

    • Red 160-200g

      • Protect : JP, CN,KR,TW,ML

      • Open Field : CN, AU

  • Indet. Red 90-120g,OF : ID,IN,VN, MM

  • Cherry/Grape : 35-50g, Rd,Ovl. Growing with low rate because of fruit quality

  • Small size ( 50-70g) : Stable, mainly in JP


  • Types of Tomato Developed &grown in Asia…..

    • B Determinate/ Semi Det.: ( contribute 29% of total tomato mkt)

      • Det,90-100g,RD/SQR/SQ,Red ( H&H, H&D) : IN,ID,PH,TH,BD,PK

      • Semi Det 90-110g,SQ/SQR (H&H, H&D) : IN, ID,VN,TH,MM

      • Det/Semi Det Acid Tom,70-90g, Flat/DOB : India

      • Det/SD Pink 40-60g : Thailand




    OPFmarket value


    Development in Tomato

    • Seed Production and Quality

    • Seed Production

    • Seed treatment

    • Seed coating and Palleting

    • Seed Germination

    • Variety / Hybrid development

    • High yield varieties

    • Wide adaptation

    • Hot & cold set

    • Disease resistance

    • Fruit Quality and Post harvest

    • LSL/ Keeping quality

    • Fruit colour

    • Transportability

    • Fruit Firmness

    • Cracking

    • Disease and Pest management

    • Diagnositcs

    • Screening technology

    • IPM

    • Fungicides & pesticides

    • Crop Management

    • Nursery raising

    • Agronomy

    • Cultivation Practices

    • Mulching, Pruning, Staking

    • Irrigation & Fertigation

    • Molecular Technolgy

    • Gene sequencing

    • Mol Markers

    • Fingerprint

    • QTL for polygenic traits


    Hybrid trait development progression

    2000-2010

    Hybrid & Trait Development progression

    1990-2000

    Yield, adaptation, fruit quality, & Strong Ty resistance and other disease resistance ( BW, EB, LB, Mi,St )

    <1990

    Yield and adaptation to off season cultivation & start disease resistance with mild TY, Tm,V F2

    Concentrate on yield and agronomic traits

    • Det/Indetop variety

    • Introduction of hybrid

    • Short duration harvest varieties

    • Adapted in normal growing season ( winter or Rainy)

    • Grown mainly without staked

    • Poor keeping quality & less firm, no disease resistance

    • Low yield (10-15T/Ha)

    • Introduction of Semi Det hybrid

    • Long duration harvest hybrids

    • Extend season Adapt to off season

    • Mild Ty resistant

    • High yield and better firmness

    • BW tolerant

    • Better Yield & Strong Ty resistant

    • BW, TY, TM22, V,F2,Smt, EB, LB resistance

    • Improve keeping quality, Firm & LDT

    • F1 conversion faster

    • Enhance use of Markers


    Advances in young plant raising


    Advances in cultivation practices

    Sunny Green house

    Polu Mulch & Drip irrigation

    Drip irrigation

    Tomato under Plastic house

    staked

    Where there is will there is Tomato

    Without staked


    Tomato diseases and its spread
    TOMATO Diseases and its spread

    Bacterial Wilt (BW)

    Early Blight (EB)

    Late Blight (LB)

    Fusarium wilt (FW)

    Tospovirus

    Begomovirus

    Diseases list

    Gray Leaf Spot

    Tobacco Mosaic Virus (TMV)

    N

    N

    N

    Nematode

    CMV-subgroup II

    N

    N

    Powdery mildew

    Verticillium

    Bacterial leaf spot

    Remark; = new emergence since 2008

    N


    Advances in disease screening

    TYLCV Resistant Varieties & screening

    PM screening

    LB screening




    Key challenges
    Key Challenges....

    • Yield, Yield and high Yield

    • Multiple disease resistance with better fruit quality

    • Hot and cold set with fruit quality

    • Strong BW,TY,EB &LB with fruit quality for both Det & Indet

    • Better resistance source for TY, BW, LB

    • Resistance source for emerging diseases & races ( TOSPO,CMV, ..)

    • Screening protocols and Year round screening

    • Molecular markers for polygenic traits

    • Agronomic practices & ( fertilizer, irrigation, spacing). Technical know how to grow in Protected culture

    • Seed production and seed quality

    • Post harvest technology

    • Quality & disease free seed production



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