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Key Terms for Monitoring and Evaluation. Objectives. Explain the difference between monitoring and evaluation. Introduce the most common M&E terms. Review examples of each term. Monitoring versus Evaluation. Evaluation Data collected to answer specific questions Periodic

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Presentation Transcript
  • Explain the difference between monitoring and evaluation.
  • Introduce the most common M&E terms.
  • Review examples of each term.
monitoring versus evaluation
Monitoring versus Evaluation


Data collected to answer specific questions


Focus on outcome, impact

How effective were our activities?


  • Data collected on program activities
  • Ongoing, routine
  • Focus on activities and output, compared to target

Are we doing the work we planned?

monitoring or evaluation
Monitoring or Evaluation?
  • Local researchers conduct a study to determine if there are more people with possible TB symptoms coming to DOTS clinics as a result of a media campaign to promote TB screening.


monitoring or evaluation1
Monitoring or Evaluation?
  • A district manager reports on how many nurses were trained on interpersonal communication skills for her quarterly donor report.


it starts with questions
It Starts with QUESTIONS
  • Monitoring and evaluation answer different questions.
  • If we do not ask good questions about our activities, we will not get useful data!

What is a GOAL?

  • The ultimate result of efforts at a broad, population level.
  • Achieved over the long term (years) and through combined efforts of multiple programs (not always related to ACSM).
  • Decrease morbidity and mortality due to TB in Country X.
  • Reduce prevalence of TB by 50%.
  • Eliminate stigma of TB in our communities.
what is an objective
What is an OBJECTIVE?


GOALACSM activities

  • How the results of your short-term program activities contribute to the big goal.
  • Several objectives can relate to the same goal.
  • Link between ACSM activities and the NTP.
objective examples
Objective Examples
  • Aggressively advocate to increase NTP budget by 8% each year for the next four years.
  • Double the percentage of secondary school students who can correctly identify TB symptoms by 2015.
  • Design and pilot a treatment support program for newly released prisoners with TB by 2015.
  • Resources needed to plan and implement ACSM
  • “Raw materials” of an ACSM project


  • Money
  • Staff
  • Policies, guidelines
  • Equipment
  • Partners
  • The work that we do, what we implement
  • Also called “processes”


  • Training events
  • Meetings
  • Events
  • Outreach
  • Home visits
  • Immediate results of activities
  • What we can measure/count right after the activity


  • Number of people trained
  • Number of brochures produced
  • Number of policymakers reached with advocacy activity
  • “Ripple effects” of ACSM activities
  • What changesafter outputs are produced


  • Increased funding for TB after lobbying meeting
  • Short: Improved attitudes toward TB patients among DOTS nurses after a training
    • Medium: Increased satisfaction of TB clients
    • Long: TB clients stay in treatment longer
  • How we define our activities, outputs, or outcomes
  • Signs or evidence we watch for to see if we have reached them
  • More related to goal
  • Very broad-scale result over long term


  • Higher rate of treatment success
  • Reduction in deaths among MDR-TB patients