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INTRODUCTION TO MONITORING AND EVALUATION Monitoring and Evaluation. The National Democratic Institute. Introductions/ Ground rules. Introductions Ground Rules Ice Breaker Exercise. Introduction to Monitoring and Evaluation Objectives.

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introduction to monitoring and evaluation monitoring and evaluation

INTRODUCTION TO MONITORING AND EVALUATIONMonitoring and Evaluation

The National Democratic Institute

introductions ground rules
Introductions/Ground rules
  • Introductions
  • Ground Rules
  • Ice Breaker Exercise
introduction to monitoring and evaluation objectives
Introduction to Monitoring and Evaluation Objectives
  • To understand the importance of monitoring and evaluation, key concepts and frameworks
  • To consider how gender can be incorporated into M&E
topics
Topics
  • What is M&E?
  • Why engage in M&E?
  • Gender and M&E
  • Logical framework approach
  • Project lifecycle
  • Data collection and analysis
  • Evaluation design
key terms
Key Terms
  • Goal
  • Target
  • Baseline
  • Impact
  • Gender
  • Indicator
  • Input
  • Output
  • Intermediate result
  • Outcome
  • Objective
monitoring
Monitoring
  • Continuous internal management activity
  • Ensures that project is on track
  • Measures progress towards objectives
  • Identifies problems
evaluation
evaluation
  • Assessing whether a project is achieving its intended objectives
  • Conducted periodically
  • Internal or external
  • Focuses on outcomes and impacts
why is m e important
Why is M&E important?
  • Tracking resources
  • Feedback on progress
  • Improving project effectiveness
  • Informing decisions
  • Promoting accountability
  • Demonstrating impact
  • Identifying lessons learned
gender and m e
Gender and M&E
  • Gendered priorities, constraints and impact
  • Failure to address gender leads to inefficient and unsustainable results and exacerbates inequities
gender analysis
Gender analysis
  • Can be undertaken at any stage but most effective if included in design
  • Systematic way of analyzing different roles and impacts
  • Asks the “who” questions
  • How this will affect women and men?
measuring women s participation and impact
Measuring women’s participation and impact
  • Lack of reliable data on basic facts
  • Keeps us from getting the most out of investments
  • “What gets measured gets done”
  • Not enough invested in collecting data nor in quantifying how equality yields benefits

Photo: Getty Images

example measuring impact
EXAMPLE: Measuring impact
  • Women’s representation/leadership on Indian local councils:
  • Better access to drinking water and immunizations
  • Higher career aspirations and educational attainment for girls

Photo: Keith Bedford, International Herald Tribune

logical framework
Logical Framework

Goal

Strategic Objectives

Intermediate Results

Outputs

Activities

logical framework example
Logical Framework Example

IF

THEN

IF

THEN

IF

THEN

IF

THEN

IF

exercise logframe race
EXERCISE: LOGFRAME RACE

Put the logframe components in the right order

Photo: David Mark, www.pixabay.com

indicators
Indicators
  • Outcome versus process indicators
  • Qualitative versus quantitative
  • SMART
    • Specific
    • Measurable
    • Achievable
    • Relevant
    • Time-bound

Photo: www.pixabay.com

baselines and benchmarks
Baselines and Benchmarks
  • Baseline
    • Situation before project
    • Demonstrates change over time
  • Benchmarks
    • What you hope to achieve by the end
  • Targets
    • Intermediate benchmarks

Photo: www.pixabay.com

sex disaggregated indicators
Sex-Disaggregated Indicators
  • Sex-disaggregated indicator measures change for men and women separately
  • Gender indicator measures gender-related changes
gender and the logframe
Gender and the Logframe

Goal

Evaluation

Objective

Intermediate results

Activities

Monitoring

Inputs

gender mainstreaming and the project life cycle
Gender Mainstreaming and the Project Life Cycle

Knowledge sharing

1. Design

Gender-sensitive M&E

Gender analysis/needs assessment

Gender expertise

Adequate resources

2. Start-up

4. M&E

Gender planning

Gender-specific action/capacity building

3. Implementation

gender mainstreaming strategies tools
Gender Mainstreaming Strategies/Tools
  • Involve women and men in consultations
  • Include sex-disaggregated data
  • Strive for gender balance in staff/experts
  • Enable women and men to participate and benefit equally
project design questions
Project Design Questions
  • Goals and objectives gender-sensitive?
  • Input from men and women?
  • Baseline incorporates gender analysis?
  • Consultations on targets?
  • Activities reflect gender sensitivity?
project implementation questions
Project implementation Questions
  • Gender and sex-disaggregated data?
  • Comparing data to baseline?
  • M&E data used to adjust project?
  • Women’s groups monitoring progress?
  • Findings disseminated?
  • References to gender in reports?
  • Women involved in activities?
  • Women accessing services?
project evaluation questions
Project EVALUATION Questions
  • Differences in access? Why?
  • Differences in impact? Why?
  • How can differentials be addressed?
  • How do results compare to targets?
  • How did beneficiaries respond?
  • Are results sustainable?

Photo: Sanja Gjenero, RGBstock.com

data collection and analysis
Data collection and Analysis
  • Forms and procedures for data collection
  • Data collection plan by indicator
  • Trained staff with clear roles and responsibilities
  • Database
  • Regular reflection sessions
secondary data sources
Secondary data Sources
  • Regional or country MDG reports
  • UNDP Human Development reports
  • State Department Human Rights reports
  • World Bank reports
  • World Economic Forum
  • Donor and NGO reports
exercise integrating gender
EXERCISE: INTEGRATING GENDER
  • Are the indicators gender aware?
  • Are they input, output, outcome or impact indicators?
  • Are they quantitative or qualitative?
  • How would you make them more gender-aware?
  • Identify 3 additional indicators and how data would be collected.

Photo: World Bank

evaluation design
Evaluation Design
  • Identify research questions
  • Identify methods for data collection
  • Develop and test data collection instruments and protocols
evaluation criteria
Evaluation Criteria
  • Relevance
  • Effectiveness
  • Efficiency
  • Impact
  • Sustainability

Photo: Sanja Gjenero, RGBstock.com

intro to m e review
INTRO TO M&E REVIEW
  • Improve project effectiveness, demonstrate impact, and identify lessons learned
  • Must address and mainstream gender
  • Logframe with sex-disaggregated and/or gender-specific indicators
  • System for data collection and analysis
  • Evaluate relevance, effectiveness, efficiency, impact, and sustainability