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First Americans. How did they get to America? Where did they live? How did they use their environment to meet their basic needs?. They were here first The Land Bridge Theory. Over 14,000 years ago, during the Ice Age, people began to arrive in North America. They followed their food source.

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first americans
First Americans
  • How did they get to America?
  • Where did they live?
  • How did they use their environment to meet their basic needs?
they were here first the land bridge theory

They were here firstThe Land Bridge Theory

Over 14,000 years ago, during the Ice Age, people began to arrive in North America. They followed their food source.

where did they live
Where did they live?
  • These people spread over the continents of North America and South America.
  • They lived in all Geographic regions of North America.
slide4
We will study 5 different groups of First Americans.
  • Each group lived in a very different environment
3 questions to answer
3 Questions to answer
  • What region did each group inhabit?
  • What was the climate and geography like for each group?
  • How did the geography and climate affect the way each group met theirbasic needs?
what are geography climate
What are Geography & Climate?
  • What the land looks like…flat, mountainous, hilly…
  • What the weather is like over a long period of time
list 3 basic needs
List3 Basic Needs
  • FOOD
  • CLOTHING
  • SHELTER
starting in the east
Starting in the East
  • This group inhabited northeast North America in an area known as the Eastern Woodlands.
  • Their environment was heavily forested.
  • They lived in the Appalachian Mountain and Interior Lowland Regions.
  • Meet the Iroquois
the land
The Land
  • Thick forests
  • Fertile soil
  • Many rivers
  • Seasons
conclude how they met their basic needs
Conclude: How they met their Basic Needs:

FOOD:

Did they

Hunt Fish Cultivate Gather

Yes, the Iroquois used all of these methods

what kinds of food did the iroquois eat
What kinds of food did the Iroquois eat?

CBS

Corn Beans Squash

Small game deer

Fish berries

clothing shelter
Clothing & Shelter

What natural resources were available to meet these needs?

Clothing?

Animal Skins

Shelter?

Wood

Their shelters are called Longhouses.

the iroquois
The Iroquois

Iroquois Longhouse

A typical Iroquois village

Interior of a Longhouse

unique characteristics
Unique Characteristics
  • The Iroquois used slash and burn to prepare their land for farming.
moving west
Moving West…

What Geographic Region are we now in?

Describe the Geography & Climate

slide18
Region- Great Plains

Geography- flat land gradually increasing in elevation westward. Grasslands few trees located between the Mississippi River and the Rocky Mountains

Climate- Seasons

where are we19
Where Are We?

The Sioux

basic needs
Basic Needs

Conclude, using what you know about their environment:

Food

Hunt Fish Cultivate

Clothing

Animal skins or Plants?

Shelter

What natural resource did they use?

answer walking wal mart
Answer: Walking Wal-mart
  • The Sioux hunted.The women harvested corn.
  • Example: Bison
  • Their clothing was made of animal skin.
  • Their shelter was made of animal skin: a tepee
unique characteristic
Unique Characteristic
  • The Sioux were nomadic.
  • The Sioux moved to follow their food source. (No permanent address)
moving west25
Moving West…
  • Located in the southwest
  • Present day Arizona & New Mexico

Meet the Pueblo people

slide26

Region- Basin & Range

Geography- Areas of varying elevation, containing isolated mountain ranges, and Death Valley There were not many trees. The soil was sandy.

Climate- Hot and dry, not much rain

where are we27
Where Are We?

The Pueblo

describe the climate and geography
Describe the Climate and Geography
  • What was the climate like?
  • Describe the land.
  • Were there forests?
  • What river runs through this region?
slide30
The climate was hot and dry
  • The land was varied, with mountains, cliffs, and basins.
  • There were few trees.
  • The Colorado river runs through this region. It helped carve the Grand Canyon in present-day Arizona.
basic needs31
Basic Needs

Conclude, how the Pueblo people managed to survive in this harsh environment.

Food

Hunt Fish Cultivate

Clothing

Animal skins or Plants?

Shelter

What natural resource did they use?

slide32
Food

They cultivated their food. (farmed)

CBS

CORN BEANS SQUASH

(GREW SURPLUS AND STORED THE EXTRA FOOD)

clothing
Clothing
  • PLANTS
  • They cultivated cotton.
  • They wove the cotton.
shelter
SHELTER

They used stones and mud to make adobe bricks.

There homes were called Pueblos by the Spanish.

unique characteristic35
Unique Characteristic
  • The Pueblo people dug irrigation ditches to bring water to their crops.
  • They made pottery.
  • They wove cloth.
moving west north it too hot
Moving West & North…(it’ too hot!)
  • Located along the Pacific coast in present-day Washington state and Canada
  • Contains the Cascade Mountains
  • Columbia River located here
slide37
Region- Coastal Range
  • Geography- Rugged mountains and fertile valleys, located along the Pacific Ocean, forests
  • Climate- Rainy and mild
where are we38
Where Are We?

The Kwakiutl

let s talk climate
Let’s Talk Climate:
  • Rainy (This area gets a great deal of rain.)
  • Ocean Currents (Influence the climate, making the temperatures mild)

It's Raining...

It's Pouring

basic needs41
Basic Needs

Conclude, how the Kwakiutl people managed to survive in this environment.

Food

Hunt Fish Cultivate

Clothing

Animal skins or Plants?

Shelter

What natural resource did they use?

slide42
Food
  • Mostly they FISHED. (Salmon)
  • They ate other foods of course.

___ ___ ________ ____ ______

clothing43
Clothing
  • They used plants. (Cedar bark)
  • They also used Animal skins.

Bark-The Next Louis Vuitton

Native dancer

A cedar bark cape.

shelter44
SHELTER
  • They used plants to build their shelter. (Trees)
  • Their houses were called Plank houses.
unique characteristics45
Unique Characteristics
  • They held lavish parties called

“Potlatches”.

  • They carved Totem Poles.
  • They traded
  • They stored their food.
tools of the trade
Tools Of The Trade

Above: Trading boat Below: Tools

Above: Fishing net Below: Drying rack

moving north
Moving North…
  • Hundreds of lakes carved by glaciers
  • Wrapped around the Hudson Bay in a horseshoe shape
  • Oldest rock formations in N. America
  • Hills worn by erosion
  • Name this region.
region canadian shield
Region: Canadian Shield
  • What is the climate like?

It’s COLD!

  • Frozen tundra, with temperatures below freezing much of the year
where are we49
Where Are We?

The Inuit

basic needs51
Basic Needs

Conclude, how the Inuit people managed to survive in this cold environment.

Food

Hunt Fish Cultivate

Clothing

Animal skins or Plants?

Shelter

What natural resource did they use?

slide52
Food
  • The Inuit fished and hunted.
  • Their main food was fish.
  • They also ate: Whales, seals, walrus, and caribou.
clothing53
Clothing
  • They used animal skins and furs.
shelter54
SHELTER
  • They used ice blocks to make their shelters.
  • Their shelters were called Igloos
  • They also used animal skins to make skin tent shelters.
slide56

Credits:

Ms. Shermer-hard work and extra late hours

Cate-technical support

Internet-picture gallery

This has been a Peet/Shermer Production

THE END!