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First Americans. Always click on the bow and arrow to get to the next slide. The people who were the first to live in America are called First Americans. They are also called Native Americans or American Indians.

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Presentation Transcript
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First Americans

Always click on the bow and arrow to get to the next slide

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The people who were the first to live in America are called First Americans.

They are also called Native Americans or American Indians.

slide4
Three regions that we will study are the Eastern Woodland, Plains, and the Southwest.

Eastern Woodland

Plains

Southwest

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To meet their basic life needs, First Americans were very wise. They used the natural resources of their region.

These are examples of natural resources:

Trees and plants

Animals

Land and water

Can you be as wise as a First American?

slide6
Good!

Test your thinking skills.

To become a wise chief, you must earn 3 feathers.

Answer each question carefully and correctly.

Are you ready?

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The

Native Americans

of the

Eastern Woodlands

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1. The Eastern Woodland Indians lived in forests, near rivers and streams.

What would they use to build their houses?

Seashells

Trees

slide9
Sorry!

Please try again!

slide10
Right!

Their houses were made of wood and tree bark.

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2. Sometimes, many people lived in a house, so it had to be big.

What is the name of this kind of house?

long house

large house

slide12
Right!

As many as six families lived in a long house. It could be 200 feet long!

slide13
Sorry!

Please try again!

slide15
Right!

The Eastern Woodland Indians were very good fishermen.

slide16
Sorry!

Please try again!

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4. The forests had many animals that were food for the Eastern Woodland Indians.

Someone who captures animals for food is called a

horseman

hunter

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Sorry!

Please try again!

slide19
Right!

They hunted many animals, including bear, deer and rabbits.

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5. The Eastern Woodland Indians ate vegetables with their meat and fish.

Someone who grows vegetables is called a

farmer

forester

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Right!

The Eastern Woodland Indians grew many vegetables, especially the “3 Sisters”—

corn, beans, and squash

slide22
Sorry!

Please try again!

slide23
6. You’ve learned that the Eastern Woodland Indians lived near rivers and streams. To get from place to place, they probably

paddled canoes and drove cars

paddled canoes and walked

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Sorry!

Please try again!

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Sorry!

Please try again!

slide26
Right!

They made canoes from tree trunks.

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You have answered all the questions about the

Eastern Woodland Indians correctly!

Congratulations!

You have earned your first feather!

Click to continue

slide28
The

Native Americans

of the

Plains Region

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The Plains are flat, grassy areas. First Americans who lived in the Plains region moved often to follow

buffalo

deer

slide30
Sorry!

Please try again!

slide31
Right!

The buffalo, also called bison, has a very large head. It eats grass and drinks water. An adult buffalo can weigh as much as 2,000 pounds!

2 the indians lived in homes that could be moved quickly these homes were called
2. The Indians lived in homes that could be moved quickly. These homes were called

tents

teepees

slide33
Sorry!

Please try again!

slide34
Right!

Women usually put up the teepee. It was made with buffalo hides and decorated with paint.

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3. The Plains Indians hunted the buffalo for food and clothing. To capture the buffalo, the Plains Indians had to know how to

ride a horse

paddle a canoe

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Right!

The Plains Indians were very good horsemen. They killed only enough buffalo that they needed for food. They did not waste any part of the animal.

slide37
Sorry!

Please try again!

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4. There were many tribes that lived on the Plains. To protect themselves from other tribes, the men learned how to fight with bows and arrows. These men were called

Warriors

Wrestlers

slide39
Right!

The more feathers a warriors wore, the greater a warrior he was. Sometimes, a great warrior was given a buffalo helmet to wear, also.

slide40
Sorry!

Please try again!

slide41
5. The Plains Indians did not settle in one place for a long time. Tribes that move are called

nomadic

settled

slide42
Right!

The Plains Indians carried their belongings on a travois (say “trah-voy”). It was made of 2 teepee poles attached to the harness of a horse or dog.

It looked like this.

slide43
Sorry!

Please try again!

slide44
You have answered all the questions about the

Plains Indians correctly!

You have earned your second feather! You are on your way to becoming a wise chief.

Click to continue

slide45
The

Native Americans

of the

Southwest

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1. The Southwest Indians lived in the dry, hot region of North America. There weren’t many forests. They built their homes of

Wood

Mud and straw

slide47
Sorry!

Please try again!

slide48
Right!

This mixture of mud and straw is called adobe. The Indians made the walls of their homes very thick. This would keep the houses cool.

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2. The Southwest Native Americans built their homes with two or three stories or levels. To get to each level, they would use

Stairs

Ladders

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Sorry!

Please try again!

slide51
Right!

The ladders could easily be pulled up and stored inside each room.

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3. Even though there wasn’t much rain, the Southwest Indians learned to irrigate their land.

Irrigate means to

Scratch with a shovel

Bring water to crops

slide53
Sorry!

Please try again!

slide54
Right!

The Southwest Indians made trenches that brought water from rivers and streams for their crops.

slide55
The Indians of the Southwest were farmers. Corn was an important crop.
  • The Indian name for corn is

Mustard

Maize

slide56
Sorry!

Please try again!

slide57
Right!

Did you know that there are more than 500 ways to use corn?

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5. The Southwest Native Americans also raised sheep. The wool from the sheep was used for

Weaving clothing and rugs

Making houses

slide59
Right!

They dyed the wool using berries and plants.

slide60
Sorry!

Please try again!

slide61
Excellent, my friend! You have earned your third feather.

Your wise answers have made you a chief!

Click to begin again

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