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Rebellions of 1837:. Trouble Brewing. February 7. What happened after 1812?. Immigration to British North America led to a more diversified economy, with lumbering, farming and shipbuilding growing in both in the Maritimes and in the Canadas . 1791. Constitution Act

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Rebellions of 1837

Rebellions of 1837:

Trouble Brewing

February 7

What happened after 1812
What happened after 1812?

  • Immigration to British North America led to a more diversified economy, with lumbering, farming and shipbuilding growing in both in the Maritimes and in the Canadas.

Rebellions of 1837

  • Constitution Act

    • Divided the old province of Quebec into two provinces: Upper and Lower Canada

    • The head of both colonies was the British Governor General in Quebec City

    • The act also gave the colonies a Lieutenant-Governor, an Executive Council and a Legislative Assembly.

    • Where was the power?

Rebellions of 1837

  • The power remained in the hands of the governors and the councils, which were responsible to the British Crown.

  • The act guaranteed the rights of the French religion, language, laws and the seigneurial system.

Family compact upper canada
Family Compact (Upper Canada)

  • Small group of men who dominated the government until the 1830s.

  • It was given this nickname as any were supposed to be related or connected through marriage

  • Their resistance to reform helped to provoke the Rebellions of 1837 to 1838

  • They did not regain power after the rebellions

  • Anyone who demanded more power for the elected assembly were branded as radicals.

War of 1812
War of 1812

  • During the war, the French remained loyal to Britain to prevent American annexation of BNA.

    • The French feared what would happen to their language, and their religion if they had lost.

    • They were comparing it to the American Revolution and the French Revolution, which resulted in a loss of church power.


  • Largely dependant on wheat and timber

  • It grew slowly because of the poor transportation system.

  • Solution: Build Canals

    • French thought it was a waste of money

    • Upper Canada did it anyway leading to…

      What do you think was the most expensive project taken on in North America by the British?

Included two powerful churchmen
Included two powerful Churchmen

Bishop John Strachan Sir John Beverley Robinson

Chateau clique lower canada
Chateau Clique (Lower Canada)

  • The nickname given to a small group of men who held most of the power in Lower Canada until the 1830s.

  • They were friends and acquaintances of the governor

  • The received special jobs and appointments from him to the Legislative and Executive Councils as well as important positions

  • Most were English speaking businessmen who favoured policies that helped their own business interests rather than those of the majority.

Key causes
Key Causes

People were unhappy with the way the government was being run

There was favourtism in the selection of the Council members, and this directly affected how decisions would be made (suiting the needs of the Family Compact and Chateau Clique)

French were becoming more uncomfortable with the growing English Population.