What do you know about Australia? • about people • about animals • about the climate • about the cities
AUSTRALIA The Commonwealth of Australia is a country in the Southern Hemisphere. It is the world's smallest continent. FLAG COAT OF ARMS
States and territories Australia consists of six states, two major mainland territories, and other minor territories. The states are New South Wales, Queensland, South Australia, Tasmania, Victoria and Western Australia. The two major mainland territories are the Northern Territory and the Australian Capital Territory.
Government Australia became in practice independent from the United Kingdom. The current Governor-General is Major General Michael Jeffery. The Commonwealth of Australia was formed in 1901. Australia's head of state is the Queen Elizabeth II. (the Queen of the Great Britain)
People The first people in Australia were the Aborigines, but today they are only 1,5 % of all Australians. Most people are descendants of British settlers.
Where do Australians live? Do you know why? Melbourne Sydney Most Australians live in the south-east corner between Sydney and Melbourne. This is because 90 % of the country is very dry. Australians call this dry area “the outback“.
Farms in Australia There are some huge farms here with milions of sheep and cattle. The children on these farms can´t go to school because the nearest town is too far away. They study at home and they talk to their teacher by radio.
Animals A lot of Australian´s animals, like the kangaroo, the koala and the platypus are unique. Australia also has some very poisonous snakes and spiders.
Cities The largest city is Sydney with its famous harbor Bridge and Opera House. The 2000 Olympics were held in Sydney. Sydney isn´t the capital of Australia. The capital is Canberra. Parlament in Canberra
Climate The climate in Australia is usually very warm, so Australians love sport and other outdoor activities. Swimming, surfing, rugby and cricket are very popular.
Uluru - Ayres Rock Northern Territory (NT) Uluru is considered once of the great wonders of the world. Uluru (also Ayers Rock or The Rock) is a large rock formation in central Australia, in the Northern Territory. It is the second-largest monolith in the world (after Mount Augustus, also in Australia).