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BASICS OF PRODUCTION SYSTEMS. Title: To Study The Pre-Production And Production Systems In Apparel Industry In nahar. By: Shreya Bahl And Ridhi Kapoor. Objectives. To study various production processes involved in an apparel manufacturing organization.

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basics of production systems

BASICS OF PRODUCTION SYSTEMS

Title: To Study The Pre-Production And Production Systems In Apparel Industry

In nahar

By:

Shreya Bahl

And

Ridhi Kapoor

objectives
Objectives
  • To study various production processes involved in an apparel manufacturing organization.
  • Develop an intellect for clothing manufacture technology with regard to fabric cutting.
  • To study the layouts of the fabric, cutting and sewing department and propose the layouts for to utilize the floor space efficiently.
conclusions
Conclusions
  • Learning of different steps in production related to the pre production and sewing processes.
  • Ample knowledge about managing production for maximum output how to manage the industries how the work floor and the labour were being under used and how they can be put to best use to get maximum output.
  • The project on the whole helped us learn in a practical way how work is done in a garment producing unit and how efficiently can we process the work.
suggestions
Suggestions
  • Changes required in fabric storage area:

Division of storage area into-ready to cut area, surplus fabric area, dead stock area

Well maintained fabric under check area.

Well maintained components storage area.

  • Change in off loading technique-

equal length of bed required to the loading bay. Prevents miss happening and saves manpower.

  • Proper medical chest required.
  • Workers should be should be provided with metal glove while using straight knife. Prevents cut.
project work
Project work

Fabric received

Fabric stored

Fabric checking

Marker making and Grading

Cutting

Sewing

Primary checking

Stain removal

Mending

fabric receiving
Fabric receiving
  • Received from sister concern-DHANDHARI through truck.
slide7

Offloading-manual-movement through trolleys and bins.

  • Rolls carried through trolleys and entered in register after weighing them, entry as per challan, ticket attached to the roll, carrying roll#, date, DIA, GSM.
slide8

FABRIC STORAGE-in racks, after weighing, white-out of the poly bag, colored- covered, trims and collars stored seperately.

  • No inspection of fabric, testing for GSM, DIA.

3 Fabric cards maintained:-

One stored with the department.

One sent to buyer.

One to supervisor for approval

marker making and grading
Marker making and grading
  • Markers made through CAD
  • GRADING- CAD system used.
spreading
Spreading
  • It is done manually.
  • Continuous ply laying is the method generally used.
cutting department
Cutting Department
  • Hand sheers and vertical straight knife used
  • Plaid fabrics- cut as one ply, require careful cutting
  • Plain fabric- cut as many plies through vertical straight knifes.
slide12

For cutting stripers cutting pasted on the patterns for matching garment parts.

  • Fabric board hanged in the cutting room containing all combos which are being cut.
sewing department
Sewing department
  • Issue to sewing through computers.
  • Straight line system followed.
slide16

First sent to moon patch attachment.

  • Making and attachment of sleeve tape.
  • Offline operation is followed
then bundles are then issued to sewing hall 2 people employed for each operation
Then bundles are then issued to sewing hall. 2 people employed for each operation.
  • STEP 1: Placket making-fusing and attachment.

First attached to the front, then sent to fusing. Then stitched

slide18

STEP 2:Placket box making

It is done after making the placket to give a better finish.

slide20

STEP5: Side slit making with SNLS machine.

  • STEP6:Hamming with folding machine
slide21

STEP7: Button hole and button stitch

First marking with white Button holes made

pencil and marking card. With button hole machine.

slide22

Button stitch

Marking with mark card and white pencil on placket.

Marking on placket for Buttons attached with

Buttons. Placket divided button stitch machine.

in 6 halves.

slide23

Step7: Primary checking

Manually, removal of threads and checking for skips in knit or any other kind of holes or cuts or any default in sewing.

slide24

STEP8:Stain removal

With guns, using benzene solution

  • STEP9: Mending

Manually with needle

slide26

Actual

layout

slide29

Actual

layout