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OSHA Update May 2008. Richard T. Gilgrist, CIH Area Director Cincinnati Area Office OSHA. Today’s Agenda. What’s HOT Trends Ohio Stats National/Regional/Local Programs Corporative Efforts Looking Forward. WHAT’S HOT. Hexavalent Chromium Pay for Personal Protective Equipment

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Osha update may 2008
OSHA UpdateMay 2008

Richard T. Gilgrist, CIH

Area Director

Cincinnati Area Office

OSHA


Today s agenda
Today’s Agenda

  • What’s HOT

  • Trends

  • Ohio Stats

  • National/Regional/Local Programs

  • Corporative Efforts

  • Looking Forward


What s hot
WHAT’S HOT

  • Hexavalent Chromium

  • Pay for Personal Protective Equipment

  • Combustible dust




Welding
Welding exposure!!

  • Overexposures are likely when welding stainless steel and high chrome steel

    • Stainless steel has between 10.5% - 27% chromium

    • Nickel is also present in some types of stainless

  • Potential for overexposure when welding CARBON steel in an enclosed space

    • Anywhere the welding fume is more confined, example could be welding in a tight corner

    • Reason 10% of carbon steel has chromium in more than trace amounts


Welding1
Welding exposure!!

  • Stick welding: High likelihood of overexposure to Cr VI

    • 50% of total Cr produced is Cr VI ( FR pg 10262 col 3)

  • TIG generates lower fume amounts

  • Submerged arc generates lower fume amounts

  • MIG has lower fume amounts

    • 4% of total Cr produced from MIG is Cr VI

  • MIG and TIG

    • @ 800 degrees C above action level

    • @ 500 degrees C levels fairly low

  • Conclusion: Switch to MIG from stick if you can


Osha update may 2008

Chromium (VI) Directive exposure!!

Start-Up Dates & Enforcement

  • May 30, 2006: Effective date of Chromium (VI) standard.

  • November 27, 2006: (>=20 employees) All sections of the standard, except engineering controls are citable.

  • May 30, 2007: (<20 employees) All sections of the standard, except engineering controls are citable.

  • May 31, 2010: (All employers)

    Until Deadline—Engineering controls not enforceable. Respirators required to comply with PEL.

    After Deadline—Engineering controls enforceable. If exposures, cite applicable violations of Cr(VI) PEL & engineering controls.


Ppe payment
PPE Payment exposure!!

  • Final published November 2007

  • Requires employers to pay for most PPE

  • Does not require payment for uniforms, items worn to keep clean, or other items that are not PPE

  • Contains exceptions for ordinary safety-toe wear, ordinary prescription safety eyewear, everyday clothing and ordinary weather-related gear, and logging boots




Nep industry application
NEP/ Industry Application exposure!!

  • Agriculture

  • Chemicals

  • Textiles

  • Forest and furniture products

  • Metal processing

  • Tire and rubber manufacturing plants

  • Paper products

  • Pharmaceuticals

  • Wastewater treatment

  • Recycling operations (metal, paper, and plastic.)

  • Coal dust in coal handling and processing facilities.


What s new
WHAT’S NEW exposure!!

  • A new Compliance Assistance Specialist has been added:

    GAYE JOHNSON


Fatality data
Fatality Data exposure!!

Trends

Totals

Manufacturing


Fatality trends region v
Fatality Trends: exposure!!REGION V


Total fatalities in region v
Total Fatalities in exposure!!Region V


Fatalities by company size region v
Fatalities by Company Size: exposure!!Region V







Neps under development
NEPs Under Development 2006

  • Oil and Gas Well Drilling

  • Flavorings

  • Chemical Plants

  • Primary Metals


Primary metals nep
Primary Metals NEP 2006

  • Foundries and primary metals

    • Significant cases in the last several years

    • Continue to find over exposures to:

      • Lead

      • Silica

      • Other metals

      • Other air contaminants such as benzene

      • Noise


Primary metals nep1
Primary Metals NEP 2006

  • Foundries and primary metals

    • Continue to find violations related to:

      • Respiratory protection

      • Engineering controls for air contaminants

      • Personal protective equipment

      • Hazard communication

      • Hearing protection and conservation program


Other fatality hazard emphasis areas
Other Fatality Hazard Emphasis Areas 2006

  • Falls

  • Trenching

  • Road Construction

  • Powered Industrial Vehicles


Inspections coded pit piv
Inspections Coded PIT/PIV 2006

Region V Programmed Local Emphasis

Powered Industrial Vehicles


Top 20 standards cited for general industry

Top 20 Standards Cited 2006for General Industry


Top 20 standards cited in fy 07 general industry cincinnati area office
Top 20 Standards Cited in FY 07 2006General Industry: Cincinnati Area Office

1910.212(a)1 Machine Guarding

1910.147(d)4(i) Lockout or Tagout Devices

1910.147(c)7(i) LOTO Training and Communication

1910.147(c)4(i) LOTO Energy Control Procedure

1910.147(c)6(i) LOTO Periodic Inspection

Cincinnati Area Office

October 1, 2003 thru December 31, 2004


Top 20 standards cited in fy 07 general industry cincinnati area office1
Top 20 Standards Cited in FY 07 2006General Industry: Cincinnati Area Office

1910.1200(h)1 HazComm Training & Information

1910.132(a) Protective Equipment

1910.147(d)3 LOTO Machine or Equipment Isolation

1910.212(a)3(ii) Point of Operation Guarding

1910.219(e)3(i) Vertical and Inclined Belt Guards

Cincinnati Area Office

October 1, 2003 thru December 31, 2004


Top 20 standards cited in fy 07 general industry cincinnati area office2
Top 20 Standards Cited in FY 07 2006General Industry: Cincinnati Area Office

1910.303(g)2(ii) Enclosures or Guards to Prevent Damage

1910.1200(e)1 Written HazComm Program

1910.1200(f)5(ii) HazComm Hazard Warnings

1910.147(c)4(ii) LOTO Energy Control Procedure

1910.1200(f)5(i) HazComm Labeling

Cincinnati Area Office

October 1, 2003 thru December 31, 2004


Top 20 standards cited in fy 07 general industry cincinnati area office3
Top 20 Standards Cited In FY 07 2006General Industry: Cincinnati Area Office

1904.29(a) Manually Propelled Mobile Ladder Stands and Scaffolds

1910.23(c)1 Open-sided Floor or Platform 4 Feet or More

1910.147(c)5(i) LOTO Protective Materials and Hardware

1910.151(c) Suitable Facilities For Quick Drenching or Flushing of The Eyes and Body

1910.219(f)3 Sprocket And Chain Guards


Ohio statistics fy 07
Ohio 2006 Statistics FY 07

Number of Inspections: 2649

Percentage Construction 54.9%

Complaints Received 2284

SST Inspections Conducted 208

Significant Cases (Over $100,000) 14

Percent Serious, Willful, Repeat, FTA81.3%

Average Violations per Inspection 2.6

Penalty per Serious Violation $996.50


Ohio statistics fy 071
Ohio 2006 Statistics FY 07

Percent “In Compliance” 24.2%

Number of Fatalities Inspected 58

New VPP STAR sites 21

New Partnerships 4

New Alliances 2

Whistleblower Investigations 176


Ohio compliance assistance goals 2008
Ohio 2006 Compliance Assistance Goals2008


Outreach emphasis areas
Outreach Emphasis Areas 2006

  • Hispanic Employees and Employers

  • Homeland Security

  • Youth

  • Arc Flash, NFPA 70-E

  • National Federation of Independent Businesses

  • Combustible Dust

  • Pandemic Flu

  • “Bottom Line” Safety and Health


Pandemic flu preparation
Pandemic Flu Preparation 2006

  • Continuity of Operations

  • Remote Access

  • Training

  • PPE


Looking forward
LOOKING FORWARD 2006

  • CONFINED SPACE FOR CONSTRUCTION

  • DIACETYL STANDARD?

  • COMBUSTIBLE DUST STANDARD OR ETS?

  • GUIDANCE DOCUMENTS

  • THE ELECTION AND WHAT GETS DONE BEFORE JANUARY


Health issues on the reg agenda
Health Issues on the Reg Agenda 2006

  • Crystalline silica

  • Beryllium

  • Hearing conservation in construction

  • Ionizing radiation

  • Standards Improvement Project III

  • Emergency response and preparedness

  • Hazard communication

  • Diacetyl


Hazard communication
Hazard Communication 2006

  • Considering adoption of the Globally Harmonized System of Classification and Labeling of Chemicals (GHS)

  • Published an advance notice of proposed rulemaking (ANPR) 9/12/2006

  • Accepted comments until 11/13/2006

  • Working on a proposed standard


Diacetyl and food flavorings containing diacetyl recent activities
Diacetyl and Food Flavorings Containing Diacetyl – Recent Activities

  • Initiated a National Emphasis Program for microwave popcorn processing plants

  • Denied the request for an Emergency Temporary Standard but announced our intent to move forward with regular 6(b) rulemaking

  • Issued guidance

    • SHIB on respiratory disease in microwave popcorn manufacturing

    • Hazard Communication Guidance on diacetyl and food flavorings containing diacetyl

  • Held a stakeholder meeting 10/07


Diacetyl and food flavorings containing diacetyl next steps issues
Diacetyl and Food Flavorings Containing Diacetyl – Next steps/issues

  • Initiate SBREFA Review

    • Issues

      • Scope

      • Analytical method

      • PEL


Completed guidance projects
Completed Guidance Projects steps/issues

Motor vehicle safety

Combustible dust (SHIB)

Fire services manual

Fireworks poster

Ergonomics – nursing homes, grocery stores, poultry processing, and draft shipyards document

Indoor air (mold)

Glutaraldehyde

Perchloroethylene

Abrasive blasting in shipyards

Marine hanging staging

Hurricane quick cards

Diacetyl hazard communication


Guidance projects in development
Guidance Projects in Development steps/issues

Hazards of scrap metal recycling

Hazard communication/GHS

PPE for emergency response

Controls for silica exposure in construction

Ergonomics in Shipyards

Fireworks video

Working Safely with Portland Cement

Pocket Guide for Respiratory Protection

Stockpiling respirators foran influenza pandemic


Other potential emphasis areas
OTHER POTENTIAL EMPHASIS AREAS steps/issues

  • MRSA!!

  • GUT/REHAB


Osha update may 2008

Don’t steps/issuesForget

  • www.osha.gov

  • Compliance Assistance

  • Specialists (6 in Ohio)

  • On-site Consultation

  • BWC- Div of S&H

  • Quick Takes


  • Osha update may 2008

    Don’t steps/issuesForget

    • To call your local Area Office with Questions!

    • 513 841-4132