OSHA Update Scott G. Shimandle Compliance Assistance Specialist USDOL/OSHA – Allentown
Presentation Overview • What’s New in OSHA • Nationally: Targeting, SHIBs, Standards Update, Alliances and Partnerships • Regionally: Fines and VPP sites • Locally: New AD, Alliances and Partnerships • Hot Topics: AED’s, Avian Flu, Chemical Reactivity • Top violations issued • General Industry and Construction • Recent Interpretations
What’s New • Nationally • OSHA Announces Targeted Inspection Plan for 2005 Agency targets about 4,400 high-hazard worksites • The primary list will also include sites based on a "Days Away from Work Injury and Illness" (DAFWII) rate of 9 or higher (9 or more cases that involve days away from work per 100 full-time employees). • Employers not on the primary list who reported DART rates of between 7.0 and 12.0, or DAFWII rates of between 5.0 and 9.0, will be placed on a secondary list for possible inspection. • The national incident DART rate in 2003 for private industry was 2.6, while the national incident DAFWII rate was 1.5.
What’s New • Nationally • Update on Standards FR issued May 16, 2005 • Pre-Rule Stage • Occupational Exposure to Beryllium • Ionizing Radiation • Emergency Response and Preparedness • Lead in Construction • Confined Spaces in Construction • Proposed Rule Stage • Electric Power T & D; Electrical Protective Equipment • Occupational Exposure to Crystalline Silica • Walking Working Surfaces & Personal Fall Protection • Explosives
What’s New • Nationally • Update on Standards (cont’d) • Final Rule Stage • Assigned Protection Factors: Amendments to the Final Rule on Respiratory Protection • Occupational Exposure to Hexavalent Chromium • Employer Payment for Personal Protective Equipment • Revision & Update to Subpart S – Electrical Standards • Updating OSHA Standards based on National Consensus Standards • Rollover Protective Structures; Overhead Protection • Long-Term Actions • Hearing Conservation Program for Construction Workers
What’s New (continued) • Nationally • Safety and Health Information Bulletin (SHIB’s) • Innovative Workplace Safety Accommodations for Hearing Impaired Workers • Hazards of Inadequately Securing Hydraulic Excavator Buckets When Using Quick Coupling Devices • Hazard of Potential Sidewalk Grate System Failure • Hazards Associated with De-Watering of Pipelines • Hazards while Servicing Light Truck, Automobile, and Other Small Tires
What’s New (continued) • Nationally • SHIB’s (continued) • - July 22, 2005 • OSHA's Madison, Wisc., Area Office recently investigated a fatal accident where an excavator bucket was released unexpectedly from a quick coupler. • Alert employers and employees of the need to follow manufacturer instructions regarding the installation, use, testing, inspection, and maintenance of quick coupling devices; • Explain how buckets and other attachments can be unintentionally released from quick couplers; and • Detail actions to prevent such unintended releases.
What’s New (continued) • SHIB’s (cont’d) • OSHA's Braintree, Massachusetts Area Office investigated a fatal accident where a skid-steer loader used to clear snow from sidewalks plunged into a vault when a metal grate covering the vault failed. • Alert employers and employees who use skid- steer loaders and other heavy machinery to clear snow or debris from grate systems over pits and vaults that: • Employers must determine whether local building codes permit heavy machinery to be operated on sidewalks and over grate systems and if these grate systems may fail under the weight of the loaders/machinery; • OSHA standards for Walking-Working Surfaces address floor opening covers and their supports and require that they meet standard strength and construction requirements; and • Recommend that all such surface grate systems be inspected regularly and remind employers that steps must be taken to ensure that these grate systems have the capacity to support the weight of heavy machinery, unless procedures are implemented to effectively prevent the operation of heavy machinery on such grates.
What’s New (continued) • Nationally • Alliances • Sealant Waterproofing and Restoration Institute (SWRI)signed February 20, 2003; renewed July 21, 2005) • Laser Institute of America(signed August 9, 2005) • ISSA (signed August 5, 2005) • National Demolition Assoc. (NDA) (signed May 26, 2005) • American Red Cross(signed May 19, 2005) • Independent Lubricant Manuf. Assoc. (ILMA)(signed February 9, 2004)
What’s New (continued) • Nationally • Partnerships • AMEC Construction • Department of the Army • Johnson & Johnson • Koch Industries • National Park Service (NPS) • National Ready-Mixed Concrete Association • Electrical Transmission and Distribution Construction Contractors and Trade Associations • United Auto, Aerospace, and Agricultural Implement Workers (UAW)/Ford Motor Company • United Auto, Aerospace, and Agricultural Implement Workers (UAW)/Visteon Corporation • United States Postal Service/American Postal Workers Union AFL-CIO/National Postal Mail Handlers Union
What’s New (continued) • Regionally • OSHA Fines New Haven Companies Nearly $112,000 For Exposing Workers to Asbestos Hazards • CHARLESTON, W.Va. – OSHA has cited American Electric Power Company, Inc. and its subsidiary Appalachian Power Company for alleged worker safety and health violations involving asbestos at the Phillip Sporn generating plant in New Haven, W.Va. • L.F. Driscoll Co. Recognized For Safety Success at University of Pennsylvania Hospital Project • First Philadelphia Construction Site in OSHA's "VPP“ • OSHA Honors Morrisville, Pa., Company For Worker Safety and Health Success • Wheelabrator Falls Inc., Morrisville, Pa., has earned membership in the prestigious "Star" Voluntary Protection Program (VPP) of the U.S. Department of Labor's Occupational Safety and Health Administration (OSHA).
Locally Jean G. Kulp, named Allentown Area Director Alliances renewed Lehigh Career and Technical Institute (LCTI) American Subcontractors Assoc. (ASA) Independent Quality Alliance (IQA) Alliance Environmental Systems (AES Plus) Warehouse/LCTI Partnership Local Emphasis Programs MDI exposure during truck bed lining What’s New (continued)
Automated External Defibrillators (AEDs) Avian Flu, Protecting Workers Bloodborne Pathogens Chemical Reactivity Hazards Construction Emergency Preparedness and Response Ergonomics Hazard Communication Indoor Air Quality: OSHA Policy Medical and First Aid Motor Vehicle Safety Personal Protective Equipment Powered Industrial Trucks Recordkeeping Workplace Substance Abuse Workplace Violence Young Workers What’s New – Hot Topics
Top violations issued • 1926.451 Scaffolding, Gen. Requirements • 1910.1200 Hazard Communication • 1926.501 Fall Protection • 1910.147 Control of Hazardous Energy (LO/TO) • 1910.134 Respiratory Protection
Top violations issued • 1910.305 Electrical, Wiring Methods, Comp., • 1910.212 Machines, General Requirements • 1910.178 Powered Industrial Trucks • 1910.303 Electrical Systems Design, General • 1910.219 Mechanical Power-Transmission
Recent Interpretations • 01/03/2005 - Use of a warning line instead of conventional fall protection; Part 1926 Subpart M. • 02/01/2005 - Use of personal cooling fans listed for "residential use only" in an industrial setting. • 02/08/2005 - Audiometric baseline revisions in employee rehire situations. • 03/28/2005 - Containment and disposal requirements for disposable razors used in long-term health care facilities for personal grooming. • 05/13/2005 - Coverage of volunteers; forklift operator training for multiple facilities determined by similarity of potential workplace hazards.
Recent Interpretations • 05/23/2005 - Fall protection requirements when working from ladders in the telecommunications industry. • 06/03/2005 - Definition of contaminated sharps; engineering controls and good work practice controls must be implemented; ECP must be reviewed annually. • 06/27/2005 - Construction industry asbestos standard, 1926.1101, as applied to the demolition of buildings containing installed asbestos. • 07/20/2005 - The requirements for washing facilities on construction jobsites. • 07/26/2005 - Walkways within scaffolds, guardrails, and planking. • 07/25/2003 - General Duty Clause (5(a)(1)) citations on multi-employer worksites; NFPA 70E electrical safety requirements and personal protective equipment.
USDOL/OSHAAllentown Area Office850 N. 5th StreetAllentown, PA 18102-1731phone: (610) 776-0592fax: (610) 776-1913