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Community cooperation and capacity-building for stronger child protection. Menbere Dawit GBV Technical Adviser, UNHCR 20 May 2010 Photo by Brendan Bannon, Namibia. Child Protection Systems. International child protection framework National legal framework

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community cooperation and capacity building for stronger child protection

Community cooperation and capacity-building for stronger child protection

Menbere Dawit

GBV Technical Adviser, UNHCR

20 May 2010

Photo by Brendan Bannon, Namibia

child protection systems
Child Protection Systems
  • International child protection framework
  • National legal framework
  • Enforcement of protective legislation
  • Protection for children of all nationalities

Photo from UNHCR archives

violence against displaced children
Violence against displaced children
  • Refugee children/children of concern
  • Protection risks linked to violence
  • Different needs
    • Gender
    • Unaccompanied and separated children
    • Adolescents
    • Rural vs. urban
    • Disabilities

Photo from UNHCR archives

unhcr s protection mandate
UNHCR’s Protection Mandate
  • Children of concern to UNHCR
  • Protection and assistance
  • Cooperation with community partners
  • Inter-agency cooperation on child protection

Photo by Brendan Bannon, Namibia

communities as the front line for child protection
National systems and communities

Local awareness of and support for child protection concerns

Engaging partners and stakeholders at multi-levels

Inclusion of marginalized children

Photos from UNHCR archives

Communities as the front line for child protection
addressing the immediate needs of children
Addressing the immediate needs of children
  • Physical protection
  • Addressing immediate needs (food, shelter, clothing, medical, etc.)
  • Identifying children with special needs e.g. HRIT (Heightened Risk Identification Tool)
  • Guardianship

Archive photo from south Asia

continuing protection for children over several years
Continuing protection for children over several years
  • Safe and protective environments
  • Capacity-building in local institutions and communities
  • Stronger investment in livelihoods and vocational training
  • Temporary care for UASC; family tracing
  • Reporting and referral mechanisms in place

Above: Karen refugee children, Thailand

Below: Photo from UNHCR archives

towards long term child protection
Towards long term child protection
  • Cooperation and peace-building involving women and children
  • Sustained psycho-social care services
  • Change in community:
    • Attitudes
    • Behaviors
    • Customs
    • Traditions
    • Practices
    • Expectations

Photo from UNHCR archives, the Americas

community activation
Community activation
  • Activating community protection mechanisms
  • Dialogue
  • Information campaigns
  • Children’s advocacy in host community

Archive photo from the Americas

good practices
Good practices
  • Community-based protection networks
  • Coordinating GBV data collection with agencies and NGOs
      • Coordinated GBV data collection; common terminology
      • Focused data is needed for studying trends and providing stronger GBV prevention and response programming
  • Best Interests Determination (BID) of a child

Photo from UNHCR archives, the Americas

good practices continued
Good practices (continued)
  • Child’s Rights Clubs in refugee communities and schools
  • Participatory Assessments
    • Community ownership
    • Child’s perspective considered in planning and programming
  • Monitoring and referral procedures in place
    • Safe reporting mechanisms for children

Photo of Iraqi youth in Damascus

unhcr child protection guidelines and resources
UNHCR child protection guidelines and resources

UNHCRGuidelines on Determining the Best Interests of the Child, May 2006

  • http://www.unhcr.org/refworld/pdfid/48480c342.pdf

UNHCR Guidelines on International Protection: Child Asylum Claims, 22 December 2009

  • http://www.unhcr.org/refworld/docid/4b2f4f6d2.html

UNHCR Guidelines on International Protection: Victims of trafficking and persons at risk of being trafficked, 7 April 2006

  • http://www.unhcr.org/443b626b2.html

UNHCR Guidelines on Policies and Procedures in Dealing with Unaccompanied Children Seeking Asylum, February 1997

  • http://www.unhcr.org/refworld/pdfid/3ae6b3360.pdf

UNHCR Handbook for the Protection of Women and Girls, January 2008

  • http://www.unhcr.org/refworld/docid/47cfc2962.html

UNHCR, Refugee Children: Guidelines on Protection and Care, 1994

  • http://www.unhcr.org/refworld/pdfid/3ae6b3470.pdf

UNHCR Refugee protection and mixed migration: The 10-Point Plan of Action, January 2007

  • http://www.unhcr.org/4742a30b4.html

Other resources

Action for the Rights of Children (ARC) resource pack, 2009

  • http://www.savethechildren.net/arc/using/index.html

Inter-agency guidelines on unaccompanied and separated children, 2004

  • http://www.unhcr.org/4098b3172.html

SCEP Statement of Good Practice, 2004

  • http://www.unhcr.org/refworld/pdfid/415450694.pdf
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