Building the economic case for community capacity-building
Download
1 / 19

Building the economic case for community capacity-building - PowerPoint PPT Presentation


  • 152 Views
  • Uploaded on

Building the economic case for community capacity-building Presented at the ‘People with disabilities participating fully and safely in the community’ conference, held by the National Disability Authority in Dublin 13 th October 2011 Annette Bauer a.bauer@lse.ac.uk

loader
I am the owner, or an agent authorized to act on behalf of the owner, of the copyrighted work described.
capcha
Download Presentation

PowerPoint Slideshow about 'Building the economic case for community capacity-building' - hani


An Image/Link below is provided (as is) to download presentation

Download Policy: Content on the Website is provided to you AS IS for your information and personal use and may not be sold / licensed / shared on other websites without getting consent from its author.While downloading, if for some reason you are not able to download a presentation, the publisher may have deleted the file from their server.


- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - E N D - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
Presentation Transcript
Building the economic case for community capacity building

Building the economic case for community capacity-building

Presented at the ‘People with disabilities participating fully and safely in the community’ conference, held by the National Disability Authority in Dublin 13th October 2011

Annette Bauer

a.bauer@lse.ac.uk

Personal Social Services Research Unit (PSSRU) London School of Economics and Political Science


Building the economic case for community capacity building

  • About PSSRU

  • Our mission: To conduct high quality research on social and health care to inform and influence policy, practice and theory.

  • Established in 1974 at the University of Kent; two new branches opened in 1996 at the LSE and the University of Manchester.

  • LSE Health & Social Care led by Professor Martin Knapp.

  • Linked with the Institute of Psychiatry, London and the National Institute for Health Research.


Building the economic case for community capacity building

Building the economic case for community capacity-building

The work summarised here was partly funded by the Department of Health.

Carried out under the lead of Martin Knapp and with colleagues Margaret Perkins and Tom Snell.

A fuller description of the work in our paper: Martin Knapp, Annette Bauer, Margaret Perkins, Tom Snell (2011) Building community capacity: making an economic case; Think Local Act Personal.

We continue to work in this field (more on this later).


Building the economic case for community capacity building

Building the economic case for community capacity-building

What is community capacity-building?

Why evaluate CCB economically?

How to measure the economic value of CCB?

Examples: Time banks & Debt advise and signposting by community navigators

Where from here?


Building the economic case for community capacity building

What is Community capacity-building

  • Definition

  • Asset-based, developmental approach.

  • Understands obstacles that prevent people (and organisations) from achieving their goals.

  • Empowerment of local people and neighbourhoods to initiate action themselves.

  • Leads to measurable and sustainable results at an individual, community, societal level.

  • Generates social capital (!)


Building the economic case for community capacity building

What is Community capacity-building?

A lot of reasons why it is worthwhile:

Trust

Confidence

Knowledge & skills

Social networks & support

Fun

Empowerment

Self-esteem

Participation

Independence

Self worth & Identification

Happiness

Safety

Quality of life

Activity


Building the economic case for community capacity building

What is Community capacity-building?

“[…] social capital refers to the networks of social relations that provide access to needed resources and supports …

Any study of social capital should encompass the investments that people make […] and the returns to those investments in the form of economic, social and health outcomes for individuals, communities and societies.”

Policy Research Initiative (2003), Social capital: Building on a Network Based Approach, Canada, October 2003


Building the economic case for community capacity building

Why measuring the economic value of community capacity-building?

  • In a world of scarce resources we also need to know: Is CCB good value for money?

    • Can it stop needs before they arise, does it meet them when they do and is there active participation? – Project level

    • Does greater community capacity and governance reduce the demand on the welfare system? – System level


Building the economic case for community capacity building

How to measure the economic value of Community capacity-building?

Befriending Interventions to Older People

= Continuous social and emotional support

Mead et al., 2010

Reduced Isolation/ Loneliness

Mental wellbeing

Cacioppo et al., 2006

Wilson et al., 2007

Beekman, 1997

McCusher, 2007

 Access to services (£)

 Quality of life  (£)

 Crises, home services, hospital  (£)


Building the economic case for community capacity building

How to measure the economic value of community capacity-building?

Barriers

Lots of qualitative but less of quantitative evidence

Process evaluation more common than outcomes evaluation

Organic nature of community development (co-production)

Cumulative impact over time to a range of beneficiaries


Building the economic case for community capacity building

How to measure the economic value of community capacity-building?

Beneficiaries relationships

Direct beneficiaries/ direct involvement

No involvement/ Direct beneficiaries

Participants e.g. improved health

Cares and family members e.g. extra leisure time

Direct involvement/ Indirect beneficiaries

No involvement/ Indirect beneficiaries

Volunteers e.g. self-esteem

Population impact e.g. reduced crime rates


Building the economic case for community capacity building

How to measure the economic value of community capacity-building?

Our modelling approach:

- Ex-ante model.

- Cost-benefit approach.

- One year time horizon.

- Hypothesis building required.

- Comparison group derived from the literature.

- Evidence from (grey-)literature, expert opinions

- Outcome dimensions: Public service utilisation,

productivity, quality of life.

- Costs of intervention: from national sources.


Building the economic case for community capacity building

  • Example: Time banks capacity-building?

  • Community currency = Hours of time.

  • Exchange of skills, practical support, resources (e.g. recreational activities, IT, languages, child minding, transportation).

  • Low administration costs compared to volunteering schemes: Time bank coordinator and overhead costs, IT support for database.

  • Range of qualitative and some quantitative evidence from evaluation reports e.g. Rushey Green Practice.


Building the economic case for community capacity building

Example: Time banks capacity-building?

Calculating the net benefit

- £450

Resource Input

+ £506

Economic value service hours

+ £580

Productivity gains

+ £240

Reduced benefit claims

Average net benefit per person

£876

QoL Improvement

+ £645

Average net benefit per person

£1,545


Building the economic case for community capacity building

  • Example: Community navigators capacity-building?

  • Act the interface between the community and public services: Social, emotional and practical support and signposting to public services.

  • A focus on debt and housing related issues in deprived areas; here: Debt

  • Evidence on consequences of debt came mainly from two national surveys: the English and Wales Civil and Social Justice Survey 2004, the Advice Agency Client Study 2007

  • Effectiveness of intervention from Williams and Sansom 2007, Pleasence et al 2007


Building the economic case for community capacity building

Example: Community navigators capacity-building?

Calculating the net benefit

- £340

Resource Input

- £180

Debt advice agency

+ £990

Productivity gains

+ £140

Reduced benefit claims

Average net benefit per person

£610

QoL Improvement

+ £840

Average net benefit per person

£1,450


Building the economic case for community capacity building

Examples capacity-building?

  • Limitations

  • Hypothetical, based on assumptions from the literature

  • Lack of comparison groups (we don’t know for sure what would have happened without…)

  • Works with averages and ‘typical’ values (service delivery aspects not considered)

  • Standardised, methodological approach is still missing


Building the economic case for community capacity building

Where from here? capacity-building?

  • Policy & research recommendations

  • Data collection/ self evaluation for CCB projects, with a focus on costs and outcomes;

  • Development of agreed set of principles and methods for economic evaluation in this area;

  • New innovative research methods – action research based;

  • Developing service models (organisational form, ownership, delivery aspects).


Building the economic case for community capacity building

Where from here? capacity-building?

  • PSSRU Projects

  • England CCB (planned start Nov. 2011): wide range of CCB projects; participatory approach; collection of costs and outcomes data over 12 months period via standardised (but locally adjusted) self-evaluation tools

  • European CCB with focus on older people (envisaged): role and impact of CCB in 5 countries and identification of best practice; innovation models tested against their economic pay-offs; development and scaling up of innovative service models