Revising and editing Week 3
Bell work • What is the difference between revising and editing?
revising • Adding new information • Cutting words and sentences • Changing the order in which information appears • Replacing weak words with more effective ones
Revising strategies CONTENT • Can you summarize your main ideas or events? • Do you have enough supporting details? Too many? • Will adding or cutting details improve your paper? • Do you need more background information? • Is everything you have written relevant?
Revising strategies ORGANIZATION • Does your introduction grab the reader’s attention? • Can you improve your draft by rearranging paragraphs or by moving sentences? • Do you present your information in an order that makes sense for your purpose and audience? • Do you need to add any transitions? • Do you have an effective conclusion?
Revising strategies STYLE • Do your sentences read smoothly? • Have you varied sentence structure, beginnings, and lengths? • Would some sentences work better if they were combined? • Is your writing too formal? Too informal? • Have you deleted unnecessary words or phrases? • Have you used parallel constructions wherever possible? • Are you satisfied with how you say what you say?
Revising strategies WORD CHOICE • Look for vague nouns, verbs, and modifiers that can be replaced with more precise words. • Look for clichés or overused words that can be replaced with fresh ones to enliven your descriptions. • Is your choice of vocabulary geared to your intended audience? • Should you replace any difficult words with simpler ones? • Do you need to define any technical terms?
In-class assignment • Use the strategies in today’s notes to revise Journal Entry 1. • You must make at least 5 revisions to get credit.
editing • Fixing grammar problems • Fixing usage problems (like misplaced modifiers or incorrect subject-verb agreement)
Editing Strategies COMPLETE SENTENCES • Are there any sentence fragments or run-on sentences? • Does each sentence begin with a capital letter and end with an appropriate punctuation mark? VERBS • Do all present-progressive verbs, present-perfect verbs, and present-progressive verbs agree with their subjects in tense and in number? • Are verb tenses consistent and correct? PARALLEL STRUCTURE • Are similar grammatical forms used to express similar ideas?
Editing Strategies PRONOUNS • Do all of your pronouns agree with their antecedents? • Are the pronoun references clear? ADJECTIVES AND ADVERBS • Are your modifiers used correctly, with adjectives modifying nouns and pronouns and with adverbs modifying verbs, adjectives, and other adverbs? • Are your comparisons complete? • Have you used –er/more and –est/most forms correctly?
proofreading • Searching for mistakes in spelling, punctuation, and capitalization • Proofreading Questions • Spelling • Are all words spelled correctly? • Use a dictionary to make corrections. • Watch out for words that are spelled correctly but used in the wrong context (like their instead of there or they’re) because spell checkers don’t catch homophones • Capitalization • Do proper nouns and adjectives begin with capital letters? • Are all words that are capitalized supposed to be capitalized? • Do all sentences and direct quotations begin with a capital letter?
Proofreading questions (cont.) • Punctuation • Have you used commas and other punctuation marks correctly? • Is dialogue correctly punctuated? • Apostrophes • Do contractions and possessive nouns have apostrophes in the right place • Do you have apostrophes where they do not belong?
Peer reviewing • Giving feedback to your classmates • Getting help from your classmates on your writing • Can be done in pairs or in small groups QUESTIONS FOR PEER REVIEWERS • Which parts of the paper do I like the best and the least? Where is the writing most interesting? • What are the main ideas, or themes? • Has the writer provided enough supporting details? • Are any sections of the paper unclear or incomplete? • Does the introduction grab me? Is the conclusion effective? • Does the word choice “sound like” the writer? Or do the words sound unnatural? • What advice can I give about grammar and usage?
IN-CLASS ASSIGNMENT • Meet with a partner. • Read your partner’s Journal Entry 1. • In your partner’s notebook, answer questions 1-7 from the notes on peer reviewing. • Use the proofreading marks to edit you partner’s journal entry. • When you get your notebook back from your partner, read through your partner’s comments and incorporate the ideas that you feel will improve your writing.
Week 3 quiz Use proofreading marks to correct the paragraph on your handout.