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Sophomore English January 14, 2014. Hello and welcome and Happy Tuesday! Please grab a handout from the Take One Tray. Also, please get out your Greek Roots chart. Today’s agenda: Greek roots Writing a summary Finding important details

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sophomore english january 14 2014
Sophomore EnglishJanuary 14, 2014
  • Hello and welcome and Happy Tuesday!
  • Please grab a handout from the Take One Tray.
  • Also, please get out your Greek Roots chart.
  • Today’s agenda:
    • Greek roots
    • Writing a summary
    • Finding important details
    • Class practice with “Of My Friend Hector and My Achilles Heel”
    • Formative assessment with “Cultural differences: they are not insignificant”
greek roots
Greek Roots
  • Root: petro-, petr-, peter-
  • Meaning: stone, rock
  • Words:
greek roots1
Greek Roots
  • Root: phago-, phag-, -phag, -phage, -phagic
  • Meaning: eat, consume
  • Words:
greek roots2
Greek Roots
  • Root: philo-, phil-, -phile, -philia, -philic
  • Meaning: love, loving, friendly to, fondness for, attraction to
  • Words:
writing a summary
Writing a summary
  • A summary is a shortened version of the original text.
  • It shows the structure of the original text as well, and keeps the main idea and details in context.
  • There is a certain procedure to writing a good summary.
writing a summary1
Writing a summary

STEP ONE: Annotate the text.

  • Underline important ideas and circle key terms.
  • Find the main point of the article and put a *star beside it.
  • Divide the article into sections using [brackets]. Note the main idea of each section in the margins.
writing a summary2
Writing a summary
  • STEP TWO: Look back over your annotations and determine main idea of the article. Write it in your own words.
writing a summary3
Writing a summary
  • STEP THREE: Write your rough draft of the summary. Combine the information from the two previous steps.
  • Include all important ideas.
  • Use the author’s key words or terms when they are essential for clarity.
  • Include any important data (statistics, etc.).
  • Include any important conclusions.
writing a summary4
Writing a summary
  • STEP FOUR: Write the final draft of your summary. Edit your version so your summary is concise.
    • State the main point first.
    • Make the summary clear and understandable to someone who has not read the original article.
    • Include the main idea of each section
    • State the text’s conclusion.
    • Summarize—do not merely give a table of contents.
    • Do not add data or your own ideas.
    • Keep it short—1 paragraph, no more than 7 sentences.
of my friend hector and my achilles heel
“Of My Friend Hector and My Achilles Heel”
  • We will read Michael Kaufman’s narrative “Of My Friend Hector and My Achilles Heel” and practice our summarizing process.
  • Remember, first we need to annotate the article. I will show you how to do it with the first paragraph.
of my friend hector and my achilles heel1
“Of My Friend Hector and My Achilles Heel”
  • THIS STORY is about prejudice and stupidity. My own.
  • It begins in 1945 when I was a 7-year-old living on the fifth floor of a tenement walkup on 107th Street between Columbus and Manhattan Avenues in New York City. The block was almost entirely Irish and Italian, and I believe my family was the only Jewish one around.
  • One day a Spanish-speaking family moved into one of the four apartments on our landing. They were the first Puerto Ricans I had met. They had a son who was about my age named Hector, and the two of us became friends. We played with toy soldiers and I particularly remember how, using rubber bands and wood from orange cratges, we made toy pistols that shot off little squares we cut from old linoleum.
  • We visited each other's home and I know that at the time I liked Hector and I think he liked me. I may even have eaten my first avocado at his house.
  • About a year after we met, my family moved to another part of Manhattan's West Side and I did not see Hector again until I entered Booker T. Washinton Junior High School as an 11-year-old. 
of my friend hector and my achilles heel2
“Of My Friend Hector and My Achilles Heel”
  • Now, complete your annotation of “My Friend Hector.” You have 10 minutes to read and annotate.
of my friend hector and my achilles heel3
“Of My Friend Hector and My Achilles Heel”
  • Now, compare your annotations with your group and determine the main idea of the article. Share your group’s main idea here:
of my friend hector and my achilles heel4
“Of My Friend Hector and My Achilles Heel”

Now, it’s time to write the rough draft of your summary. If it helps, follow this structure:

  • Main idea
    • Main idea of section 1
      • Important detail
    • Main idea of section 2
      • Important detail
    • Main idea of section 3
      • Important detail
    • Main idea of section 4
      • Important detail
of my friend hector and my achilles heel5
“Of My Friend Hector and My Achilles Heel”
  • Staple your completed summary on top of your annotated article, and turn them in!
of my friend hector and my achilles heel6
“Of My Friend Hector and My Achilles Heel”
  • Now, read back over your rough draft and determine what you can do to make it more concise.
    • Remove unnecessary details
    • Remove redundant points
    • Combine sentences
formative assessment
Formative ASsessment
  • Read the blog post “Cultural differences: They are not insignificant,” and write a summary using the procedure you learned today.
  • Make sure to include:
    • The main ideaof the article
    • The main idea of each section
    • Important details
    • The text’s conclusion.