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AHSGE. Standard IV. Prelude to War. What congressional solution made California a free state and gave popular sovereignty to the New Mexico and Utah territories? Compromise of 1850 . Prelude to War. What part of the solution in the Compromise of 1850 upset many northerners?

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AHSGE

Standard IV


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Prelude to War

  • What congressional solution made California a free state and gave popular sovereignty to the New Mexico and Utah territories?

    • Compromise of 1850


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Prelude to War

  • What part of the solution in the Compromise of 1850 upset many northerners?

    • Slavery could expand and...

    • FugitiveSlave Law


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Prelude to War

  • What act, supported by Stephen Douglas, gave popular sovereignty to two territories just west of Missouri?

    • Kansas-Nebraska Act


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Prelude to War

  • What is popular sovereignty?

    • The ability of the people to decide the issue of slavery through a popular vote.


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Prelude to War

  • What political party was formed in the 1850s that believed slavery should not be allowed to spread to new territories?

    • Republican

    • Aka… the GOP

    • Aka… the Party of Lincoln


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Prelude to War

  • What famous court case upheld the right of slave owners as property holders and said no black person, free or slave, had any rights?

    • Scott v. Sanford


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Prelude to War

  • Who led the massacre at Pottawatomie Creek, Nebraska and led the raid on the federal arsenal at Harpers’ Ferry?

    • John Brown


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Prelude to War

  • Describe the southern economy before the Civil War.

    • KING COTTON


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Prelude to War

  • Describe the northern economy before the Civil War.


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Prelude to War

  • Who won the presidential election in 1860 (his election led Southern states to secede, or leave the Union)?

    • Abraham Lincoln


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Prelude to War

  • What state was the first to secede from the Union in 1860?

    • South Carolina


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Civil War

  • What county in Alabama never seceded from the Union?

    • Winston The Free Republic of Winston


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Civil War

  • What state was actually split over the decision to secede, and eventually became two states?

    • Virginia split &West Virginiawas created


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Civil War

  • What was the most famous of the Black military units to fight in the Civil War?

    • 54th Massachusetts Regiment


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Civil War

  • What act, passed by the Republican dominated congress (during the Civil War) gave large land grants to states from the federal government & allowed settlers on that land to get 150 acres for free?


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Civil War

  • What act, passed by the Republican dominated congress (during the Civil War) gave large land grants to states from the federal government to create colleges?


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Civil War

  • What did Lincoln pass on January 1, 1863, granting freedom to slaves in the Confederate states in rebellion?


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Civil War

  • What did Lincoln suspend during the Civil War, depriving many citizens of the civil rights?

    • Writ of Habeas Corpus


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Civil War

  • What was the first major battle of the Civil War?

    • 1st Battle of Bull Run

Manassas, VA, March 1862 Confederate Fortifications


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Civil War

  • Where was the first shot of the Civil war fired on April 12, 1861?

    • Fort Sumter, South Carolina


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Civil War

  • What battle resulted in the single bloodiest day of the Civil War?

    • Antietam23,000


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Civil War

  • What major three-day battle did the Confederates (under Lee) lose in Pennsylvania?

    • Gettysburg


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Civil War

  • What battle, in Mississippi, resulted in a complete blockade of the South by the Union?

    • Vicksburg


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Civil War

  • What Union general captured Atlanta and continued southeast to Savannah destroying everything in his path?

    • Sherman


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Civil War

  • What famous speech was given by Lincoln at a consecration ceremony where he reminded Americans of the basic idea, “All men are created equal”?

    • Gettysburg Address


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Civil War

  • Where did Robert E. Lee surrender to Grant in 1865?

    • Appomattox Court House


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Civil War

  • What was the program called that returned southern states to the Union, rebuilt the South’s infrastructure, and attempted to protect the rights of free blacks?

    • Reconstruction (1865 to 1877)

    • South was divided into 5 districts & federal troops were placed in each


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Civil War

  • What were the laws called passed by southern states attempted to control freedmen and keeping them in a subservient position?

    • Black Codes


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Civil War

  • What were northerners called who moved to the South, voted Republican, and were scorned by southerners after the Civil War?

    • Carpetbaggers


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Civil War

  • What were southerners called who voted Republican after the Civil War?

    • Scalawags